Montezuma County, Colorado Genealogy

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United States
Montezuma County

Guide to Montezuma County, Colorado ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Cortez
Organized: April 16, 1889
Parent County(s): La Plata [1]
Neighboring Counties
Apache (AZ)  • Dolores  • La Plata  • San Juan  • San Juan (NM)  • San Juan (UT)
See County Maps
Location Map
Colorado Montezuma County.png
This page is available for adoption

County Information


County Courthouse

Montezuma County Courthouse
109 W Main St Ste 302
Cortez, CO 81321
Phone: 970.565.3728
Montezuma County Website

County District Court has divorce, probate and court records
County Clerk has birth, marriage, death and land records[2]

Montezuma County, Colorado Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1889 [3]*
*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

The following are locations in Montezuma County, Colorado:[4]

Unincorporated communites
Census-designated places

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Montezuma County, Colorado online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Colorado Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1890 1,529
1900 3,058 100.0%
1910 5,029 64.5%
1920 6,260 24.5%
1930 7,798 24.6%
1940 10,463 34.2%
1950 9,991 −4.5%
1960 14,014 40.3%
1970 12,952 −7.6%
1980 16,510 27.5%
1990 18,762 13.6%
2000 23,830 27.0%
2010 25,535 7.2%
Source: "".

For tips on accessing Montezuma County, Colorado Genealogy census records online, see: Colorado Census.

  • 1860-1940 Colorado Census Records from 1860 to 1940 at — index/images

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Colorado denominations, view the Colorado Church Records wiki page.

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Cortez
  • Moncos

Court Records

Numerous records are available at Colorado Archives. To use this link scroll down the page to where it asks for Record Type. Click there and scroll down the list to the records you want and select. The next field asks for county. Select the county you want and then click on Search. You can narrow the search by adding the additional information it asks for.


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Colorado Land and Property for additional information about early Colorado land grants.

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where current records are also housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Montezuma County, Colorado Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Colorado Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers



Military Records

Naturalization and Citizenship


Colorado Newspapers Online

Colorado Newspaper Catalogs

  • U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper

Search current and archived obituaries published in The Cortez Journal (Cortez, Colorado) from September 1999 to the present.

For more information see Colorado Newspapers.


Other Records


Probate Records

Probate records have been kept by the county courts. Colorado probate records include bonds, affidavits, letters, claims, appraisals, fee accounts, minutes, judgments, dockets, calendars, case files, and wills. The Family History Library does not have copies of probate records from Colorado.

You may obtain copies of documents from the clerk's office in the county courthouse.

Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

Colorado tax records complement land records and can be used as supplements to censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records. To find tax records in the FamilySearch Catalog, do a Place Search for the county.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Vital Records Section Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Colorado.


Birth records may become public records when 100 years have elapsed after the date of birth. EXCEPTION: The birth record of any individual who is known to be currently alive will remain confidential even if they are 100 years of age or greater. [5]



Death records may become public records when 75 years have elapsed after the date of death. [5]


Research Facilities


The Colorado State Archives has the following records available for Montezuma County, Colorado Genealogy in this online database Archives Search. For a full list of online holdings, click here.
1880-1939 Divorce Index
1883-1900 Mine Accidents, Non - fatal
1897-1920 Horseshoers
1936-1942 Civilian Conservation Corps Enrollments
1966-1968 Vietnam Deaths

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.


Cortez Public Library
202 N. Park
Cortez, CO 81321
Telephone: 970-565-8117

Dolores Library District/Montezuma County
1002 Railroad Ave
Dolores, CO 81323
Telephone: 970-882-4127

Mancos Public Library District
211 West First Street
Mancos, CO 81328
Telehone 970-533-7600




Research Guides


  1. 1.0 1.1 The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Montezuma County, Colorado. Page 100 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Red Book, American State, County, and Town Sources. Edited by Alice Eichholz. (Ancestry, Provo; 3d ed, 2004.) Colorado article by Birdie Monk Holzclaw and Marsha Hoffman Rising. page 93.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Montezuma County, Colorado," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Colorado, accessed 17 May 2017.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Letter from Colorado State Registrar, Dated September 1, 2011. Policy Number 2011- 08.