Nebraska, Broken Bow Homestead Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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Nebraska, Broken Bow Homestead Records, 1890-1908 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Nebraska, United States|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|Seal of the National Archives|
|Record Type||Land Entry Case Files: Homestead Final Certificates|
|Record Group||RG 49: Records of the Bureau of Land Management|
|Microfilm Publication||M1915. Land Entry Case Files of the Broken Bow Land Office, Broken Bow, Nebraska: Homestead Final Certificates,1890-1908. 50 rolls.|
|Arrangement||By number 1-1,824|
|National Archives Identifier||7820285|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is in the Collection?
- 2 Collection Content
- 3 What Can these Records Tell Me?
- 4 How Do I Search the Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Citing this Collection
- 7 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in the Collection?
This collection includes homestead entry case files and land entry case files for the years 1890 to 1908. The files were arranged chronologically and assigned a final certificate number. The files are from the Bureau of Land Management and include documents required to qualify for a homestead, such as:
- Final certificates
- Applications with land descriptions
- Affidavits showing proof of citizenship
- Register and Receiver receipts, notices, and final proofs
- Testimonies of witnesses
The Homestead Act of 1862 was signed into law after the secession of many Southern states from the Union. The Homestead Act allowed for settlement of land in unpopulated areas. It established a land acquisition process that required filing an application, improving the land, and filing for the deed of title. Any citizen or intended citizen could file an application for 160 acres of land, as long as they had never fought against the U.S. Government. Homesteaders had 5 years to build on, farm, and improve the land. After five years, a homeowner could file for a land patent or deed at a local land office. The local land offices forwarded the documentation to the General Land Office in Washington D.C. with a final certificate of eligibility.
Claimants paid $1.25 an acre. Service in the Union Army was counted towards the residency requirement after the Civil War. Not all homesteaders were able to qualify for ownership of the land due to harsh soil and weather conditions. Once the railroads were in place, homesteading increased due to the ease of travel.
What Can these Records Tell Me?
Information found in this collection may include:
- Application and final certificate numbers
- Name of applicant
- Description and location of land
How Do I Search the Collection?
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
- The name of the applicant.
- The date of the homestead application.
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information in the list to what you already know about your ancestor to determine if it is the correct person. You may need to compare several persons in the list before you find your ancestor.
Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.
What Do I Do Next?
Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.
I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?
- Use the information to find other records such as birth, christening, census, land and death records.
- Use the information to find additional family members.
- Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
- Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now?
- Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
- If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
- Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images.
- Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
- Search the indexes and records of Nebraska, United States Genealogy.
- Search in the Nebraska Archives and Libraries.
Citing this Collection
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.
- "Nebraska, Broken Bow Homestead Records, 1890-1908" Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing "Land Entry Case Files of the Broken Bow Land Office, Broken Bow, Nebraska: Homestead Final Certificates, 1890-1908." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : 2007.
Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
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