New Brunswick, Canada, Boundary Changes and Maps

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Township boundaries in New Brunswick have changed very little over the years. County and district boundaries have changed, however, and a parish (similar to a township in other provinces) may have been included in different districts and counties at various times.

What You Are Looking For

  • Information about boundary changes over the years.
  • Maps of various years which show the boundary changes or census districts.

The following step will help you learn where to find records that may mention your ancestor.

Step 1. Find the place where your ancestor lived using maps and gazetteers.

The maps and gazetteers listed in the following table will help you learn creation dates, boundary changes, and other information about boundaries over the years. Knowing the place can help you find records that may mention your ancestor.

Source Contents
Lovell, John, ed. Canadian Dominion Directory for 1871. Montreal, Que.: John Lovell, 1871.

This gives the township and county of each community as of 1871. This is important when searching local histories and census, land and property, and other records. The directory also lists about half of the heads of households living in each community.

Punch, Terence, ed. Genealogist's Handbook for Atlantic Canada Research. Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1997.

Includes a section on census records and a historical overview of the province. It contains a county outline map and lists the counties with their creation dates and parent counties.

"Map Showing the Electoral Divisions of the Dominion of Canada," Illustrated Atlas of the Dominion of Canada, pp 89 - 91.

Contains maps that roughly correspond to the 1881 census for Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick.

Maps of New Brunswick.

A map for 1860 and maps for Acadia (which includes New Brunswick) 1604-1755 defines boundaries over the years. For more maps, see What to Do Next, and click on FamilySearch Catalog.

Electoral Atlas of the Dominion of Canada: As Divided in the Revision of the Voters' List Made in the Year 1894. Ontario: National Archives of Canada, 1998.

This atlas has maps showing the electoral districts and voting precincts of all provinces. These districts and precincts often match the census districts and subdistricts of the 1901 census.

Gazetteer of Canada. New Brunswick, 1956. Ottawa, Ont.: Canadian Permanent Committee on Geographical Names, 1956.

Gazetteer contains modern names and locations of all populated places, rivers, lakes, and geographic features approved by the Canadian Board on Geographic Names. Some historical places are included.

Rayburn, Alan. Geographical Names of New Brunswick. Ottawa, Ont.: Energy, Mines, and Resources of Canada, 1975.

Gives the location and meaning of over 15,000 place names in New Brunswick.

Hamilton, William B. Place names of Atlantic Canada. Toronto, Ont.: University of Toronto Press, 1996

Contains more than 2,000 place names in New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Labrador, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. Place names are arranged alphabetically and include the origin, meaning, and historical highlights.

Schindler, Marc A. Administrative Atlas of Canada. Vol. 1: Atlantic Provinces. Gloucester, Ont.: Schindler-Spring Family Organization, 1988.

Maps of 1991 township, county, district, and other civil boundaries. A gazetteer of major towns which gives the township and county for each.

To find more sources that have maps or give information about places in New Brunswick, see What to Do Next, and click on FamilySearch Catalog.