New Brunswick Census, 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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New Brunswick Census, 1861 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|New Brunswick, Canada|
|Flag of Canada|
|Location of New Brunswick, Canada|
|Title in the Language|
|Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa|
- 1 What is in this Collection?
- 2 What Can these Records Tell Me?
- 3 How Do I Search the Collection?
- 4 What Do I Do Next?
- 5 Citing This Collection
- 6 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in this Collection?
This census was taken in 1861 for the census year 1860. Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with pre-printed rows and columns. They are bound into volumes, arranged by county, then by district.
This collection contains the 1861 census for the province of New Brunswick. At this time New Brunswick was considered a separate colony from the rest of the old Province of Canada. This census was created separately and differs from the form used in the other areas of the Province of Canada. Census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day.
The recording of names for the 1861 New Brunswick census was by census district. For the most part, census districts were identical with cities and counties, and sub districts were identical with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same and there were many variations from location to location. Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.
This census records the birthplace or ethnic origin for each person, along with his or her age, and other personal information. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records simply do not exist.
What Can these Records Tell Me?
Records usually contain the following information:
- Full name of family members
- Relationships of all individuals in household to head of household
- Place of birth
How Do I Search the Collection?
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
- The name of your ancestor
- The name of a relative or date of the event
Search the Index
Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
- Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
- Click Search to show possible matches
How Do I Analyze the Results?
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at New Brunswick Census, 1861. Click on camera icon to see images.|
What Do I Do Next?
Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.
I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?
- Use the age to calculate the year of birth to find other records such as birth, baptism, land and death records. You could search in the New Brunswick, Provincial Returns of Births and Late Registrations (FamilySearch Historical Records), or the New Brunswick Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records).
- Use the information to find additional family members in other censuses.
- Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
- Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now?
- Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
- If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
- Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name, especially French or Latin versions.
- Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
- Search the indexes and records of New Brunswick, Canada Genealogy.
- Search in the New Brunswick Archives and Libraries.
- Search in the FamilySearch Library Catalog
Citing This Collection
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.
- "New Brunswick Census, 1861." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Board of Registration and Statistics. Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.
Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
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