New Jersey Military Records

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Online Resources

The US Military Records Wiki article provides more information on Federal military records and search strategies.

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Many military records are found at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal and state archives. The state archives has many military records from before World War I. The Family History Library has microfilm copies of most of these records. The archives will make copies from indexes and muster rolls for a fee.

This portion of the article lists sources arranged chronologically by conflict.

Forts

Fort Lee Blockhouse, New Jersey

Colonial Wars (1668-1775)

Muster rolls and officer commissions are recorded in:

Muster rolls for 1673, 1690, and 1715 were published in the:

A transcript of muster rolls for the French and Indian War is found in:

The lineage records of the General Society of Colonial Wars often contain birth, death, marriage, lineage, and source information. For more information see General Society of Colonial Wars.

The National Society of the Colonial Dames of America in the State of New Jersey (NSCDA-NJ):

Revolutionary War (1775-1783)

A man born between 1730 and 1765 who lived in New Jersey is probably listed in some form of military record. If he supported the rebellion, he may be mentioned in records as a rebel, patriot, Whig, or signer of the Continental Association. Those who opposed the rebellion were Loyalists or Tories.

There were 238 battles and skirmishes in New Jersey, more than occurred in any other state. At least 18,000 New Jersey men fought in either the Continental Army or militia units.

For records of the Revolutionary War, see:

Online

Published

The 1813 Pension List:

The 1818 Pensioners of the United States:

The 1820 Pension List:

The 1835 Pension Roll

On June 5, 1834, the U.S. Senate required the Secretary of War to submit a statement showing the names of pensioners who were on the pension rolls or had previously been on the pension rolls. For more information on the 1835 Pension Roll see Revolutionary War Pension Records. The 1835 Pension Roll, which includes Revolutionary War pensioners and heirs of War of 1812 casualties, is available online:

Index. For an incomplete but helpful list of about 15,000 Revolutionary soldiers, refer to:

An index prepared by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) is:

State Service and Pension Records. The following records will help you document Revolutionary War service. Collectively, they provide more complete information than the published Official Register described above. The originals are at the New Jersey State Archives, and the Family History Library has microfilm copies.

Burial Records. The Family History Library has the DAR book Graves of Revolutionary Soldiers in New Jersey, typescript, not dated. (Family History Library film 868777). Additional, more comprehensive indexes are described in United States Military Records and United States Cemeteries.

Loyalists. The New Jersey Volunteers was the largest Loyalist regiment in the colonies during the war. It mustered six battalions (about 5,000 soldiers, many of whom came from Monmouth County). Original muster rolls of this unit, 1777 to 1783, are available at the National Archives of Canada in British Military and Naval Records. Muster Rolls (RG 8, Ser. I, vols. 1852-1860). The last two volumes of this set are on Family History Library film 928940. The state archives has two valuable unpublished indexes to Loyalists:

The two most important published books about New Jersey Loyalists are:

Militia and National Guard Records

The names of 30,000 men, ages 18 to 45, are listed in:

War of 1812 (1812-1815)

The War of 1812 between Britain and the United States confirmed the separate existence of the United States and the future Canada.

See the Wiki article, New Jersey in the War of 1812, for information concerning military records, histories, links to relevant web sites, etc. for New Jersey.

There are helpful nationwide records for soldiers of the War of 1812. For more information, see United States in the War of 1812.

Mexican War (1846-1848)

The Mexican War was caused by the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845. Most volunteer regiments were from southern states. Records of Mexican War veterans might exist in a state where the veteran later resided.

Five New Jersey companies served at Veracruz and Matamoros, Mexico. Lists of the soldiers that served are in:

The Family History Library has microfilms which list the soldiers who fought in this war. (Family History Library films 1205336-357.) 

Click on these links to learn more about the Mexican War and about Mexican War pension records.

Civil War (1861-1865)

General George B McClellan and wife, Ellen Mary Marcy
See New Jersey in the Civil War for information about New Jersey Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the New Jersey regiments involved in the Civil War. The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.

Spanish-American War (1898)

The Spanish-American War was largely fought in Cuba and the Philippines. Spanish-American War records might exist in the state from which the soldier served or in a state where the veteran later resided.

Indexes

New Jersey mustered four volunteer infantry regiments and lost 40 men as a result of disease and accident during the Spanish-American War. The state archives has 122 volumes of Spanish-American War records, most of which are not microfilmed. They contain rosters, muster rolls and returns, correspondence, enlistments, and orders. The Family History Library has a microfilm copy of the archives' index to the entire collection (Family History Library film 579874-75) and volumes containing pension applications, requests for commissions, and abstracts of discharges.

For a published volume relating to Spanish-American service, refer to:

Click on the link to learn more about the Spanish American War.

World War I (1917-1918)

World War I was a global war fought on multiple continents with several nations involved. Over four million men and women served from the United States.

Over 150,000 New Jerseyans served in the war, and of these, 3,836 died. The state archives has a card index to Mexican border service in 1916, microfilm copies of unofficial service records for World War I, and an index to the unofficial service records. World War I draft registrations for the 762,000 New Jersey men who registered are on microfilm at the Family History Library.

Also available at:

United States World War I Draft Records provides additional information.

World War II (1941-1945)

On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations related to WWII. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft" because it included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Since there is overlap in the WWI and WWII Selective Service registration, men born in the years 1877 to 1900 may have registered twice and have both WWII and WWI draft records.

Also available at:

World War II United States Military Records provides additional information.

Korean War (1950–1953)

The Korean War was a conflict between North Korea (and its communist allies) and South Korea (with support of the United Nations, primarily the United States). See the Korean War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Vietnam War (1964–1972)

The Vietnam War was a conflict between North Vietnam (and its communist allies) and South Vietnam (with support of its anti-communist allies, including the United States). See the Vietnam War wiki article for information on records and their availability.

Web Sites

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