New Mexico, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|Access the Records|
New Mexico, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|New Mexico, United States|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|Seal of the National Archives|
|Record Type||Compiled Service records|
|Record Group||RG 94: Records of the Adjutant General's Office|
|M427. Compiled Service records of Volunteer Union Soldiers who Served in Organizations from the Territory of New Mexico. 46 rolls.|
|National Archives Identifier||300398423|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
What is in the Collection?
The collection consists of Union service records of soldiers who served in organizations from New Mexico, for the years 1861-1865. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the following original records:
- Muster rolls
- Appointment books
- Hospital registers
- Union prison registers and rolls
- Parole rolls
- Inspection reports
For each military unit the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s - 1917, and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M427. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (Previously known as Footnote.com).
Service records were kept for each soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier.
This index was created to provide quick access to compiled service records. The information in this index is quite reliable. However, keep in mind that even though this index is very accurate it still may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings or misinterpretations.
What Can these Records Tell Me?
The records are in individual files which usually include the following:
- A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with name, rank, and unit
- A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
- The originals of any papers relating to that particular soldier
The index to these records contains the following:
- Jacket name
- Soldier’s full name
- Name of company and regiment
- Place of birth
- Physical description
- Year(s) of service
- Type of records in file
- NARA publication number, title, and roll number
How Do I Search the Collection?
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
- The name of your ancestor.
- The years of military service.
- The company or unit in which your ancestor served.
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information in the list to what you already know about your ancestor to determine if it is the correct person. You may need to compare several persons in the list before you find your ancestor. Use the locator information found in the index (such as roll number and the unit served in) to locate your ancestors in the service records.
Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.
What Do I Do Next?
Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.
I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?
- Use the age to calculate a birth date and to find other records such as birth, christening, census, land and death records.
- Use the information to find additional family members.
- Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
- Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now?
- Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
- If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
- Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images.
- Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
- Search the indexes and records of New Mexico, United States Genealogy.
- Search in the New Mexico Archives and Libraries.
Citing this Collection
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.
- "New Mexico, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865" Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing "Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the Territory of New Mexico." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : 2010. NARA microfilm publication M427. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1963.
Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
| We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.