New York, State Census, 1875 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: New York State Census, 1875 .
The collection consists of images of the 1875 New York State Census as of 1 June 1875. The following counties are not included:
- New York (Manhattan)
- St. Lawrence
This census includes several other sections, beyond the population schedules, that contain useful information. It includes two schedules with information of officers and enlisted men currently in the military and officers and enlisted men who had served in the military. This census contains information on when and where the individual first entered the military, their rank, how long they were in the service, their present health, as well as several other items.
The census also includes tables on marriages and deaths occurring during the year ending June 1, 1875. These tables contain typical marriage and death information. One other table that contains valuable information is entitled deaths of officers and enlisted men. This table contains deaths of individuals which had occurred while in the military or naval service of the United States, or from wounds or disease acquired in said service since April, 1861, reported by the families to which the deceased belonged when at home. It includes the name of the deceased, age at death, if married or single, if a citizen, several items relating to military information, date of death, place of death, manner of death, survivors of the deceased, place of burial and any remarks.
State censuses were created by the state of New York and were taken about every ten years beginning in 1795. This census does not cover the entire population of the state of New York because the counties of Clinton, Franklin, Hamilton, New York, Putnam, Queens, Seneca, and Westchester are missing.
The census was compiled to obtain a count and description of the population of the state of New York. Use the information with some caution, since the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
|You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for New York State Census, 1875.|
Information found in the population schedules of the 1875 New York State Census includes:
- Those persons whose usual place of abode was with this family on 1 June 1875
- Head of household
- Full name of each person in household
- Age, gender, and race of each person
- Marital status and occupation of each person
- Relationship to head of household
- In what county of New York, or in what state or country born
- Parent of how many children
- Number of times married
- Citizenship (native, naturalized, or alien)
- If owner of land
- If handicapped
How to Use the Records
To begin your search you will need to know the following:
- Approximate ages
Search the Collection
To search this collection by name:
Fill in your ancestor’s name on the search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.
To browse by image:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "County"
⇒Select the appropriate "Locality" which takes you to the images.
Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
With either search keep in mind:
- There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
- Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.
Using the Information
Once you have determined that you have found the correct individuals, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:
- Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
- Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
- Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
- Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
- If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
- Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records or military records.
- It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
- Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
- Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an county.
- You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
- You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
- Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
- The census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
|Don't overlook FHL Keyword New York, State Census Records items in the FamilySearch Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see the wiki article New York Archives and Libraries.|
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: United States, How to Use the Records Summary
Known Issues with This Collection
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- New York State Library
- New York State Census Records
- 1875 Census of New York for Troy, Rensselaer County
- Frequently Asked Questions
Related Wiki Articles
- New York Genealogy
- New York Census
- New York Census State Censuses
- New York Censuses Existing and Lost
How You Can Contribute
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Citations for This Collection
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.
- "New York, State Census, 1875." Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Secretary of State. State Library, Albany.
Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):
|The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for New York State Census, 1875.|
|The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for New York State Census, 1875.|