North Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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North Carolina , Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872 .
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
North Carolina, United States
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Record Description
Record Type Freedmen and Refugees Records
Record Group RG 105: Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands
Collection years 1865-1872
Microfilm Publication M1909. Records of the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872. 78 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 434
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration



What is in the Collection?

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts including education, health care, food and clothing, refugee camps, legalization of marriages, employment, labor contracts, and securing back pay, bounty payments and pensions. These records include letters and endorsements sent and received, account books, applications for rations, applications for relief, court records, labor contracts, registers of bounty claimants, registers of complaints, registers of contracts, registers of disbursements, registers of freedmen issued rations, registers of patients, reports, rosters of officers and employees, special and general orders and circulars received, special orders and circulars issued, records relating to claims, court trials, property restoration, and homesteads. This collection corresponds with two NARA microfilm publications M843, Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1870 andM1909, Records of the Field Offices for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1872.


  • Records of Staff Officers include, Superintendent of Education, Chief Quartermaster and Disbursing Officer and Surgeon
  • Hospitals were established by the Freedmen’s Bureau in Raleigh, Newberne, Beaufort, Roanoke Island, Kinston, Wilmington, Salisbury and Charlotte. Smallpox hospitals were also established in Beaufort, Newberne, Raleigh, Greensboro and Wilmington.


You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for North Carolina, Freedmen’s Bureau Field Office Records, 1863-1872.
You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for North Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Assistant Commissioner Records, 1862-1870.

Collection History, Content and Use

For details about the contents of these records, their history, and help using them, see the wiki article: United States Freedmen’s Bureau Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

Search the Collection

To browse by image:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒ Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page:
⇒ Select the appropriate “Freedmen's Bureau Office or Subordinate Field Location "
⇒ Select the appropriate "NARA Roll Number - Contents " which will take you to the images.

Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

With either search keep in mind:

  • There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
  • Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.

For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Citing This Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.

Collection Citation:

"North Carolina, Freedmen Bureau Field Office Records, 1863-1872."Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1909. National Archives and Records Administration. College Park, Maryland.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for North Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1863-1872.

Image Citation:

The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for North Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1863-1872.