Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut Provincial Records (National Institute)
The original content for this article was contributed by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies in December 2012. It is an excerpt from their course Research: Canadian Ancestors by Doris Bourrie, CG. The Institute offers over 200 comprehensive genealogy courses for a fee ($).
The vast area to the north of the western provinces once was Hudson’s Bay Company land and Rupert’s Land. This area was united with Canada in 1870. The area then known as The Northwest Territories was organized into the following districts:
- Keewatin, 1876
- Alberta, 1882
- Assiniboia, 1882
- Athabaska, 1882
- Saskatchewan, 1882
- Franklin, 1895
- Mackenzie, 1895
- Ungava, 1895
- Yukon, 1895
In 1880 all the North American Arctic Islands claimed by Great Britain were added to the Territories.
- In 1898 the Yukon District was made a separate Territory.
- In 1905 the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan were created.
- An Order in Council passed in 1920 defined the boundaries of the districts of Mackenzie, Keewatin and Franklin.
- In 1968 administration of the Northwest Territories passed from Ottawa to Yellowknife.
- In 1993 Bill C-132 established the territory of Nunavut, to take effect on or before April 1, 1999.
Archives of the Northwest Territories
The Northwest Territories website has a searchable database which includes photographic records, sound, place names, and records of the NWT Archives. There are many interesting links available.
Department of Culture and Heritage
Box 1000, Stn, 800
Iqaluit, Nunavut X0A 0H0
- Sharon L. Murphy, Canadian: Vital Statistics Records. Births, Marriages and Deaths.
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