Norway: Confirmation (Konfirmasjon)
In the Catholic times confirmation was a sacrament which could only be performed by a Bishop. Confirmation was not necessary and usually took place during the visitation of the Bishop. The usual age of confirmation varied from six to twelve years of age. Not a lot is known about this practice in the middle ages.
At the Reformation Confirmation became a sacrament. Now even though every priest could perform confirmations they became more rare than they were earlier. The practice evolved to include the youth’s Christian schooling. A royal resolution in 1736 introduced the practice of confirmation as a necessity. A by-product of this practice was the creation of the school for the common people. In 1759 it was decreed that everyone should be confirmed by the age of nineteen.
1. ”Norsk Historisk Leksikon: Kulture og samfunn ca. 1500-ca. 1800”, 2nd ed., by Steinar Imsen and Harald Winge, Cappelen Akademisk Forlag, as, Oslo 1999. FHL Book Nr. Ref 948.1 H26i.