Ohio Indian Agency
Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency
The Ohio Agency was established in 1831 and was a continuation of the Piqua Agency that had been established in 1812. It was renamed Ohio Agency because of the move of its headquarters from Piqua to Columbus. Because of the scattered condition of the Indians in Ohio, there were also subagencies which operated at various sites within the state -- particularly for the Wyandot at Upper Sandusky, the Seneca at Fort Ball, and the Mixed Band of Seneca and Shawnee at Lewiston. There was also a subagency for the Ottawa of Maumee, but it was more closely associated with the Michigan Superintendency than with the Ohio Agency.
By the end of 1832, most of the Seneca and Shawnee had removed to west of the Mississippi, and the Ohio Agency was reduced to a subagency for the Wyandot Indians and was often called the Wyandot Subagency.
By 1843, the Wyandot had removed to west of the Missouri River, in the present state of Kansas, and the Wyandot Subagency was established for them there. At that time, the Ohio Agency was discontinued.
Agents and Appointment Date
The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:
- Allotment records
- Annuity rolls
- Census records
- Health records
- School census and records
- Vital records
Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Ohio Agency, 1831-1843, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Rolls 601-603. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their microfilm roll numbers 1661331 thru 1661333. Correspondence relating to the sale of Wyandot lands in Ohio and to the movement of the Indians from Ohio to the West are filed under the headings "Ohio Reserves" and "Ohio Emigration" on Roll 603 of this Microcopy.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 120-122.
- The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M234, p. 8.
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
- Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
- Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online