Osage Indian Agency (Oklahoma)

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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png Oklahoma Gotoarrow.png Indians of Oklahoma Gotoarrow.png Osage Indian Agency (Oklahoma)

The Osage Agency continues to function. Its supervising office in the Bureau of Indian Affairs is the Muskogee Area Office.

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

Osage, Kansa (or Kaw), Quapaw,Seneca, and Shawnee

History

An agent was appointed in 1804 for the Indians of Upper Louisiana. In 1807, that agent was specifically appointed agent for the Great and Little Osage. From 1812-1821, subagents responsible to the Governor of Missouri Territory oversaw for the Osage. In 1821, an agent was made responsible for the Osage, Delaware and Kickapoo Indians and usually conducted business from St. Louis. In 1824, with the organization of the Office of Indian Affairs, an agent was assigned solely to the Osage Indians. In 1834, that agency was reduced to subagency status and was responsible for both the Osage and the Quapaw Indians.

In 1837, the Neosho Subagency was established with responsibilities for the Quapaw Indians. In 1851, the Osage Subagency and the Neosho Subagency were merged to form the Neosho Agency. In 1871, the Quapaw Agency was established, with responsibility for that tribe.

In 1874, the Neosho Agency was renamed the Osage Agency, and had responsibility for the Osage, the Kansa (or Kaw), and some Quapaw Indians who lived on the Osage Reservation. The agency headquarters was at Deep Ford on Bird Creek, at the site of Pawhuska, Oklahoma.[1] In 1904, the Kansa (Kaw) Agency was formed, with responsibility for that tribe.[2]

Subagents

Paul L. Chouteau 1834, Edwin James 1838, John Hill Edwards 1844, Joel Cruttenden 1844, Samuel H. Bunch 1846, John M. Richardson 1847, William H. Bell 1849, Henry Harvey 1849

Agents and Appointment Date

Alexander McNair 1824, John Francis Hamtramck 1826, Paul Chouteau 1830, Isaac T. Gibson 1869, Cyrus Beede 1876 and Laban J. Miles 1878 [3]

Special Agent

Eugene E. White [4] FHL book 973 B4w v.29

Maps

Osage Nation Indian Territory Map of 1905 (My Genealogy Hound)

Records

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Some of the records of the Osage Agency are in the National Archives Southwest Region (Ft. Worth)[5], [6] including:

  • Annuity records, 1870-
  • Health records, 1883-1940
  • Education records, 1886-1954
  • Allotment records, 1906-1909
  • Land transaction files, 1912-1967
  • Correspondence 1856-Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Osage Agency, 1824-1880, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Rolls 631-641American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M234, p. 8.</ref>. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their microfilm roll numbers 1661361 thru 1661371.

Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Osage Agency, 1874-1899, are on rolls 33-34 of that Microcopy set[7]. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617706-1617707).

Microfilm copies of ...Narrative and Statistical Reports... for the Osage Agency, 1907-1938, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Rolls 95-97[8], available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, beginning with their microfilm number 1724313-1724315.

Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1887-1888, 1890-1907, and 1909 thru 1939. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 317-328[9]. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 579727-579738). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com subscription web site.

Records Available through the Family History Library

  • Birth and Death records 1924-1931. FHL film 579734 (This film is part of census films above)
  • Agency Records 1858-1952. FHL films (33): 1249781-1249784,

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 130-131.
  2. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, pp. 172-173.
  3. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  4. Experiences of a Special Indian Agent. by E.E. White University of Oklahoma Press, Norman OK
  5. Guide to Federal Records, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75. Available online.
  6. Younkin, C. George. Historical and Genealogical Records of the Five Civilized Tribes and other Indian Records. World Conference on Records and Genealogical Seminar. Salt Lake City, Utah. August 1969
  7. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1070, p. 48.
  8. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Micropcopy M1011, p. 27.
  9. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M595, p. 51.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.