Otoe Indian Agency (Nebraska)

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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png Nebraska Gotoarrow.png Indians of Nebraska Gotoarrow.png Otoe Indian Agency (Nebraska)

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

Otoe, Missouri, Pawnee

History

The Otoe Agency was established in 1856 in the Blue River Valley in southern Nebraska. It was responsible for the Oto and Missouri Indians and, until 1859, for the Pawnee. A separate Pawnee Agency was established in 1859. In 1881, the Otoe Agency moved to Red Rock in Indian Territory and was consolidated the following year into the Ponca, Pawnee, and Otoe Agency[1].

Time Line

1800: The Otoe and Missouri lived between the Nemaha and Platte Rivers in Nebraska.

1830: Hunting lands ceded to the U.S. Government. Chief Iotan of the Otoe.

1854: Treaty established the Tribe west of the Missouri River.

1869 The Society of Friends had established a school.

1881: Tribe sold land in Nebraska and Kansas and moved near Stillwater, Oklahoma. (Red Rock) . Approximately 450 Otoe and Missouri moved from Nebraska and Kansas into Oklahoma.

Chapman, Berlin Basil Dr. The Otoes and Missouria Tribe. C. 1965 Times Journal Publishing. FHL book 970.3 Ot6c

Edmunds, Russell David. The Otoe-Missouria People. FHL book 970.3 F3erd also a digital version.

Agents and Appointment Dates

John A. Alston 1856, William W. Dennison 1857, John Baker 1861, William Daily 1864, John L. Smith 1866, Albert L. Green 1869, Jesse W. Griest April 1, 1873, Robert S. Gardner June 16, 1880,and Lewellyn E. Woodin July 21, 1880 [2]

Records

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Otoe Agency, 1856-1876, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Rolls 652-655[3]. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll numbers 1661382-1661385).

Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Otoe Agency, 1874 are on roll 34 of that Microcopy set.[4] Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617707).

Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1906-1919. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 317-328[5]. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 579739). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com subscription web site.

Records Available through FamilySearch

Delayed birth certificates, 1944-1952, School Census, 1916, 1920-1922, 1924, 1938, and 1944. FHL Film 1205233 Items 8-13.

Birth and death, 1895-1910 FHL film 1023978 Item 3

Census, 1903-1924 FHL film 1023978 item 5

Census, 1889, School census, 1934-1937, 1939, 1942-1943, Allotment numbers of Otoe, 1921 Birth and death certificates, 1919-1930. FHL film 1204635

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 29, 104, 133-134
  2. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o
  3. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 234, p. 8
  4. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 1070, p. 48
  5. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M595, p. 51.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.