In the 18th century, farmers herded livestock through Oxford from as far away as Litchfield on the way to the port of New Haven. In the 19th century, the town lost population as farmers moved to work in better-paying factories.
Villages, Neighborhoods, Sections, Hamlets
- Quaker Farms
- Oxford Center.
Oxford Probate District covers Town of Oxford. Constituted 4 June 1846 from New Haven.