Peru was chartered by Governor Wentworth on October 12, 1761 under the name of Bromley. In February, 1803, a petition from the inhabitants of Bromley to change the name of the town to Peru was approved by the governor's council. It is said that Bromley had a reputation abroad of being a poverty stricken place, and that Peru was substituted on account of the reported mineral wealth of Peru in South America.
The western part of the town is taken up entirely by mountains. The best known mountain is the ski resort Bromley Mountain, the only remaining evidence of the town's original name. 
The Vermont Historical Gazetteer is a 5 volume set of historical information by Abby Maria Hemenway with Volume I published in 1867 and Volume V completed in 1891 after her death. Also available online in PDF format at this link.
Reunion celebration together with an historical sketch of Peru, Bennington County, Vermont : and its inhabitants from the first settlement of the town, Ira K. Batchelder. Read online.
FamilySearch Historical Records Collection has Vermont birth, death, and marriage records online.
The probate district for Peru is Manchester.
Manchester Probate Court
P.O. Box 446, Manchester, VT 05846
Phone: (802) 362-1410
The following is a list of cemeteries in present-day Peru. For location of cemeteries, see Cemeteries of Vermont, Bennington County, website at this link.
- North Cemetery- inscriptions at Find A Grave site.
- Peru Village Cemetery - inscriptions at Find A Grave site.
1. Peru Congregational Church
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 212 , Peru, VT 05152
Physical Address: Main St, Peru, VT
Phone: (802) 379-1438
Digital images of Peru Town records 1769-1950 vol 1, 4, 7, and 10-11 are availble online at FamilySearch.
The Family History Library has microfilm of original records from the Peru Town Clerks Office. These include Land records, 1802-1920, Card index to births, marriages, and deaths in the town records, 1769-1858, and Records of births, marriages, and deaths, 1857-1994.
Peru Town Clerk
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 127 Peru, VT 05152
Physical Address: 402 Main Street Peru, VT
Phone: (802) 824-3065
Libraries and Historical Societies
- History of the Town of Peru, Geroge K. Davis, http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vermont/BenningtonPeru.html