The Pomo Indians traditionally lived in what is now northwestern California around the Clear Lake area north of San Francisco, and along the Russian River, in Lake, Mendocino, and Sonoma Counties. Today, there are about 5,000 Pomo living in several rancherias and reservations on or near the places of their origin.
1579: Sir Francis Drake encountered the tribe
1811-1842: Russians established Fort Ross, employed tribal members for agricultural work.
1822: Mexican land grants
1834-1847: Many died in conflicts with the Mexican military
- epidemics of smallpox and cholera killed many
1958: 41 California rancherias were terminated
Additional References to the History of the Tribe
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Pomo tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.
Reservations / Rancherias
Pinoleville Rancheria Northern Pomo
Bands of the Pomo Tribe and Their Reservations
- Big Valley Band -- Big Valley Rancheria
- Cloverdale Group -- Cloverdale Rancheria
- Coyote Valley Band -- Coyote Valley Rancheria
- Dry Creek Group -- Dry Creek Rancheria
- Elem Indian Colony -- also known as the Sulphur Bank Rancheria
- Grindstone Rancheria
- Guidiville Rancheria
- Hopland Band -- Hopland Rancheria
- Kashia Band -- Stewarts Point Rancheria
- Little River Band -- Potter Valley Rancheria
- Lytton Rancheria
- Manchester Band -- Manchester-Point Arenas Rancheria
- Middletown Group -- Middletown Rancheria
- Pinoleville Group -- Pinoleville Rancheria
- Potter Valley Group -- Potter Valley Rancheria
- Redwood Valley Group -- Redwood Valley Rancheria
- Robinson Rancheria
- Round Valley Reservation
- Scotts Valley Band -- Scotts Valley Rancheria
- Sherwood Valley Group -- Sherwood Valley Rancheria
- Stewarts Point Rancheria
- Sulphur Bank Rancheria
- Upper Lake Band -- Upper Lake Rancheria
Records for Superintendencies exist in the National Archives and copies of many of them are also available in other research facilities.
Important Web Sites
- Constitution and By-Laws for the Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria
- Constitution and ByLaws of the Manchester Band of Pomo Indians of the Manchester Rancheria California
- Pomo People Wikipedia
- California Indians and Their Reservations: An Online Dictionary. Available online.
- Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
- Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
- Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
- Kroeber, Alfred L. Handbook of the Indians of California. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 78, 1925. Reprint. New York City: Dover Publications, [ca 2006] WorldCat 255854981 Available online.
- Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
- Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
- Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
- Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
- Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
- Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
- Volume 1 -- Not yet published
- Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
- Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
- Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
- Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
- Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
- Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
- Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
- Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
- Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
- Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
- Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
- Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
- Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
- Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
- Volume 16 -- Not yet published
- Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
- Volume 18 -- Not yet published
- Volume 19 -- Not yet published
- Volume 20 -- Not yet published
- Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
- Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. WorldCat 14718193; FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006.
- California Indians and Their Reservations: An Online Dictionary by the San Diego State University Available online.