Portugal Emigration and Immigration

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Portugal Gotoarrow.png Emigration and Immigration

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Immigration/Emigration (Imigração/emigração)

Research use: Identifies origins of those who arrived and those who departed Portugal.

Record type: Passenger lists, passport registers, emigration proceedings, citizenship papers, registration of foreigners.

General: Portugal has one of the highest emigration rates in the world.

Time period: 1757-present.

Contents: Name, age, civil status, birthplace, last former residence, destination, sometimes race or nationality; the registration of foreigners detail the information in the passports of the individuals concerned.

Location: National Archive and district archives.

Population coverage: Approximately 15%.

Reliability: Secondary source for vital information and probably has some inaccuracies but reliable for emigration/immigration information.[1]

Portugal Passenger Lists

From around 1836-1976 the Azores, a Portuguese controlled island of the coast of Africa, was split into three districts:

  • Angra do Heroismo: consisting of Terceira, Sao Jorge & Graciosa
  • Horta: consisting of Pico Faial, Flores & Corvo
  • Ponta Delgada: consisting of Sao Miguel & Santa Maria

It is my understanding that for this time period all passports on the Azores were issued through one of these three districts.  The Government of the Azores has a digital collection consisting of passports issued at Ponta Delgada on this web site:



Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:


  1. The Family History Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, “Family History Record Profile: Portugal,” Word document, private files of the FamilySearch Content Strategy Team, 1986-1999.