Quebec, Canada Genealogy

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Quebec Research Topics
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Beginning Research
Record Types
Quebec Background
Local Research Resources

Guide to Quebec ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Quebec Information

Quebec is a province in Canada. It is the only French speaking province.

Getting Started

Getting Started with Quebec Research

Links to articles on getting started with Quebec research.

Quebec Research Tools

Links to articles and websites that assist in Quebec research.

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Quebec Map


Historic Counties

Records in the catalog of the Family History Library are filed under these historic counties. Click here for a 1872 postal gazetteer which will tell you the historic county of a location.

Extinct or Renamed Historic Counties: Jacques Cartier · Laval

The Fur Trade

Migration Routes

Lake Champlain · St. Lawrence River · Chambly Canal · Champlain Canal · Halifax Road or Grand Communication Route  · Lake Champlain Trail

FamilySearch Resources

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.

The Seigneuries

In common with much of New France (La Nouvelle-France), the territory known today as the province of Quebec (Le Québec) was first organized politically along feudal lines. Beginning in 1604, scores of concessions of land, known as seigneuries, were granted by the government to proprietors known as seigneurs. The potential for the creation of new seigneuries effectively ended in Quebec in 1763, with the English conquest, but the system remained intact, with modifications, for decades afterward.

A list of all of the seigneuries of New France, with the dates of their foundation is found at A list of the seigneuries of Quebec is found at A map of the seigneuries of Quebec, made by A. E. B. Courchesne in 1923, accompanies the list. Most seigneuries had a frontage of several miles along the Saint Lawrence river and estuary (Le fleuve Saint Laurent), or along a major river, although some seigneuries surrounded large lakes.

Eventually the county system introduced by the English supplanted the seigneuries for most purposes of interest to the family history researcher, but the seigneuries figure importantly in early records. Early baptismal records often refer to a newborn child's residence using the name of a seigneurie rather than a city or town.

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