Rhode Island, District Court Naturalization Indexes (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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Rhode Island, District Court Naturalization Indexes, 1906-1991 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Rhode Island, United States|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|Seal of the National Archives|
|Record Type||Naturalization Card Index|
|Microfilm Publication||M2084. Indexes to Naturalization Records for the U.S. District Court,1906-1991, and the U.S. Circuit, 1906-1911, Rhode Island. 23 rolls.|
|National Archives Identifier||350|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is in the Collection?
- 2 Collection Content
- 3 What Can this Collection Tell Me?
- 4 How Do I Search the Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Citing this Collection
- 7 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in the Collection?
This collection consists of card indexes to naturalization records in the U.S. District Courts in Rhode Island. Cards arranged alphabetically. Corresponds with NARA microfilm publication M2084 Indexes to Naturalization Records for the District Court, 1906-1991, and the U.S. Circuit Court, 1906-1911, Rhode Island and are part of Record Group 21 Records of District Courts of the United States. The following indexes are included in this collection.
- Index to Naturalization Petitions,1906-1991 (Includes Circuit Court, 1906-1991), Rolls 1-17
- Index to Declarations of Intention,1906-1939, Rolls 17-21
- Index to Declarations of Intention,1940-1984, Rolls 21-22
- Military Naturalizations,1918-1940, Roll 22-23
- Military Naturalizations,1943-1945, Roll 23
- Overseas Naturalizations,1953-1956, Roll 23
- Cancelled Declarations,ca. 1942-1948, Roll 23
- Women's Repatriations,1936-1968, Roll 23
|You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Rhode Island, District Court Naturalization Indexes, 1906-1991.|
The actual naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to 1906 each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906, many entries were typewritten.
While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.
The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.
No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. Most counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.
The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.
What Can this Collection Tell Me?
Information on the cards varies. You may find any of the following:
- Certification number or volume and page
- Name and location of court
- Birth place
- Birth date
- Date and port of arrival
- Naturalization date
- Names of witnesses
- Addresses of witnesses
How Do I Search the Collection?
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:
- The full name of your ancestor
- Identifying information such as birth date, birth place, address or naturalization date
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.
Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
You will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "Surname Range" which takes you to the images.
Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
- There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
- Your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life.
What Do I Do Next?
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.
I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?
You can use naturalization records to:
- Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
- Confirm their date of arrival
- Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
- Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests.
- Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, and then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
- An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
- If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
- Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
- The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalizations.
- You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?
- Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
- Look for an index. There are often indexes at the beginning of each volume. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
- Search the indexes of nearby localities and courts.
|Don't overlook FHL Keyword Rhode Island, Naturalization and Citizenship items in the FamilySearch Catalog.|
Citing this Collection
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
- "Rhode Island, Naturalization Index of U.S. District Court, 1906-1991" Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M2084. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.
Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
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