Roosevelt County, New Mexico Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png New Mexico Gotoarrow.png Roosevelt County

Guide to Roosevelt County, New Mexico ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.


Roosevelt County, New Mexico
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Mexico
Location of New Mexico in the U.S.
Founded February 28, 1903
County Seat Portales
Address Roosevelt County Courthouse
101 W 1st street
Portales, NM 88130
Phone: 505.356.8562
Roosevelt County Website


County Information

Roosevelt County, New Mexico Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1903 1910 1892 1903

County Courthouse

Roosevelt County Courthouse
101 W 1st Street
Portales, NM 88130
Phone: 505.356.8562 

County Clerk has marriage, probate and land records from 1903, military discharge records from 1919, and newspapers; District Court Clerk has divorce and court records.[1]


Parent County

  • Up until 1821New Spain controlled land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
  • From 1821 until 1846Mexico had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City. Starting in 1846 United States forces occupied New Mexico during the Mexican-American War.
  • 1848 -  Land that became Roosevelt County formally became a part of the United States when the Mexican-American War ended with ratification of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
  • 1903--Roosevelt County was created 28 February 1903 from Chaves and Guadalupe counties.[1]


Formed in 1903 from parts of Chaves and Guadalupe Counties. The county seat is Portales. Portales was settled in the late 1800s and the city was formally established in 1909. Its first mayor was Washington Ellsworth Lindsey, later a state governor of New Mexico.[2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating New Mexico County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation New Mexico County Boundary Maps" (1845-1981) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places[3]

  • Portales (county seat)
  • Elida
  • Causey
  • Dora
  • Floyd
Unincorporated communities
  • Cameo
  • Kenna
  • Milnesand
  • Pep

Neighboring Counties



Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
NMGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
NMGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
NM Cemetery Project
NM Interment
Billion Graves
See New Mexico Cemeteries for more information.


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1910 12,064
1920 6,548 −45.7%
1930 11,109 69.7%
1940 14,549 31.0%
1950 16,409 12.8%
1960 16,198 −1.3%
1970 16,479 1.7%
1980 15,695 −4.8%
1990 16,702 6.4%
2000 18,018 7.9%
2010 19,846 10.1%
Source: "".
State Census Records
Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for New Mexico starting in 1850. For links to Federal census indexes, see New Mexico Census.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about New Mexico denominations, view the New Mexico Church Records wiki page.



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Mexico Land and Property for additional information about early New Mexico land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Roosevelt County, New Mexico Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Mexico Local Histories.




Revolutionary War
Civil War
World War I
World War II



Online Probate Records

Since statehood in 1912, probate matters have been under the jurisdiction of probate courts in each county. Records of guardianship and adoption have usually been transferred to the district courts. In 1953 the district courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the probate court over all probate matters in each county.

See the wiki page New Mexico Probate Records for information about how to find earlier probate records.

The Family History Library does not have copies of the New Mexico county probate records. They are available at each county courthouse. You can obtain copies by contacting the county clerk.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, and adoption.


New Mexico tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the Wiki page New Mexico Taxation.

Vital Records


Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Web Sites


  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Roosevelt County, New Mexico page 474, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. accessed 09/29/2016