Saguache County, Colorado Genealogy

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United States
Saguache County

Guide to Saguache County, Colorado ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Saguache
Organized: 29 December 1866
Parent County(s): Costilla [1]
Neighboring Counties
Alamosa  • Chaffee  • Custer  • Fremont  • Gunnison  • Hinsdale  • Huerfano  • Mineral  • Rio Grande
See County Maps
Location Map
Colorado Saguache County.png
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County Information


County Courthouse

Saguache County Courthouse
501 4th Street
PO Box 655
Saguache, CO 81149-0176
Phone: 719.655.2512
Administration phone: 719-655-2231.
Saguache County Website

Note: Use the PO Box information to connect with county courthouse. This is a rural agricultural county and PO Box is needed for a majority of the residences and businesses in this area.

County Clerk has marriage and land records from 1874.[2]

Saguache County, Colorado Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1894-1908 [3]*
1869 [3]*
1872-1907 [3]*
*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Look for pre-1861 records in New Mexico. For further explanation see Taos County.

Populated Places

The following are locations in Saguache County, Colorado:

Unincorporated communites

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Saguache County, Colorado online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Colorado Cemeteries for more information


Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 304
1880 1,973 549.0%
1890 3,313 67.9%
1900 3,853 16.3%
1910 4,160 8.0%
1920 4,638 11.5%
1930 6,250 34.8%
1940 6,173 −1.2%
1950 5,664 −8.2%
1960 4,473 −21.0%
1970 3,827 −14.4%
1980 3,935 2.8%
1990 4,619 17.4%
2000 5,917 28.1%
2010 6,108 3.2%
Source: "".

For tips on accessing Saguache County, Colorado Genealogy census records online, see: Colorado Census.

  • 1860-1940 Colorado Census Records from 1860 to 1940 at — index/images

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Colorado denominations, view the Colorado Church Records wiki page.

Court Records

Numerous records are available at Colorado Archives. To use this link scroll down the page to where it asks for Record Type. Click there and scroll down the list to the records you want and select. The next field asks for county. Select the county you want and then click on Search. You can narrow the search by adding the additional information it asks for.


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Colorado Land and Property for additional information about early Colorado land grants.

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where current records are also housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Saguache County, Colorado Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Colorado Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers



Military Records

Naturalization and Citizenship


Colorado Newspapers Online

Colorado Newspaper Catalogs

  • U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper

Saguache Crescent Website - 316 4th Street, PO Box 195, Saguache, CO 81149; 719.655.2620 Publisher: Dean Coombs. This website is a link to the Saguache Cresent newspaper archive. For more information either call or send mail to PO Box listed above.
Crestone Eagle Website - 180 W Galena Ave, Crestone, CO 81131; 719.256.4956 Publisher: Kizzen Laki
Center-Post Dispatch on-line - 835 1st Avenue, Monte Vista, CO 81144; 719.852.3531 • Fax: 719-852-3387 Publisher: Valley Publishing
Alamosa News, Valley Courier Website - 2205 State Ave., Alamosa, CO 81101; 719-589-2553; Fax: 719-589-6573

For more information see Colorado Newspapers.


Other Records


Probate Records

Probate records have been kept by the county courts. Colorado probate records include bonds, affidavits, letters, claims, appraisals, fee accounts, minutes, judgments, dockets, calendars, case files, and wills. The Family History Library does not have copies of probate records from Colorado.

You may obtain copies of documents from the clerk's office in the county courthouse.

Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

Colorado tax records complement land records and can be used as supplements to censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records. To find tax records in the FamilySearch Catalog, do a Place Search for the county.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Vital Records Section Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Colorado.

Colorado Vital Records Search


Birth records may become public records when 100 years have elapsed after the date of birth. EXCEPTION: The birth record of any individual who is known to be currently alive will remain confidential even if they are 100 years of age or greater. [9]



Death records may become public records when 75 years have elapsed after the date of death. [9]


Research Facilities


The Colorado State Archives has the following records available for Saguache County, Colorado Genealogy in this online database Archives Search. For a full list of online holdings, click here.
1880-1939 Divorce Index
1883-1900 Mine Accidents, Non - fatal
1897-1920 Horseshoers
1936-1942 Civilian Conservation Corps Enrollments
1966-1968 Vietnam Deaths

1894-1914 Saguache County Teacher Certificate Registers (Certificates of Like Grade)
1915-1926 Saguache County Poor Records
1923-1925 Saguache County Burial Records

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.


Saguache Branch - Northern Saguache County Public Library District
702 Pitkin
PO Box 448
Saguache, CO 81149
Phone: 719-655-2551

Baca Grande Branch - Saguache County Public Library District
67487 County Rd. T
Crestone, CO
Phone: 719-256-4100



San Luis Valley Historical Society
PO Box 982
Alamosa, CO 81101


  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides


  1. 1.0 1.1 The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 101, Saguache County, Colorado. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 The Red Book, American State, County, and Town Sources. Edited by Alice Eichholz. (Ancestry, Provo; 3d ed, 2004.) Colorado article by Birdie Monk Holzclaw and Marsha Hoffman Rising. page 94.
  4. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., 1987), 52. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
  5. Brief County Histories (New Mexico) in RootsWeb (accessed 21 June 2012).
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Colorado Territory" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopeida at (accessed 19 June 2012).
  7. Adrian B. Ettlinger, AniMap 3.0 : with SiteFinder U.S. place name database (Alamo, Calif.: Gold Bug, 2008), Colorado 1861 map. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL CD-ROM no. 4903.
  8. Handybook, 98, Costilla County, Colorado.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Letter from Colorado State Registrar, Dated September 1, 2011. Policy Number 2011- 08.