San Miguel County, Colorado Genealogy

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United States
San Miguel County

Guide to San Miguel County, Colorado ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Telluride
Organized: November 1, 1861
Parent County(s): Original county[1]
Neighboring Counties
Dolores  • Montrose  • Ouray  • San Juan  • San Juan (UT)
See County Maps
Location Map
Colorado San Miguel County.png
This page is available for adoption

County Information


County Courthouse

San Miguel County Courthouse
333 W Colorado Ave
Telluride, CO 81435-0548
Phone: 970.728.3954
San Miguel County Website

County Clerk has marriage and land records from 1883;
Clerk District has divorce, probate and court records from 1883; some birth and burial records were destroyed in a fire so files are incomplete[2]

San Miguel County, Colorado Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1900-1907 [3]*
1883 [3]*
1907-1920 [3]*
*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries

Record Loss

A fire destroyed some records and some files are incomplete.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

The following are locations in San Miguel County, Colorado:

Unincorporated communites
Ghost towns

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of San Miguel County, Colorado online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Colorado Cemeteries for more information


Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1890 2,909
1900 5,379 84.9%
1910 4,700 −12.6%
1920 5,281 12.4%
1930 2,184 −58.6%
1940 3,664 67.8%
1950 2,693 −26.5%
1960 2,944 9.3%
1970 1,949 −33.8%
1980 3,192 63.8%
1990 3,653 14.4%
2000 6,594 80.5%
2010 7,359 11.6%
Source: "".

For tips on accessing San Miguel County, Colorado Genealogy census records online, see: Colorado Census.

  • 1860-1940 Colorado Census Records from 1860 to 1940 at — index/images

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Colorado denominations, view the Colorado Church Records wiki page.

Court Records

Numerous records are available at Colorado Archives. To use this link scroll down the page to where it asks for Record Type. Click there and scroll down the list to the records you want and select. The next field asks for county. Select the county you want and then click on Search. You can narrow the search by adding the additional information it asks for.

1934 San Miguel County Old Age Pension Records 1934. An Index compiled from the official record of the applications granted by the San Miguel County Commissioners during these years. Record may show the following:

  • Name of Applicant
  • Date and Amount of pension payment
  • Any adjustments to the pension
  • Person's age
  • Town nearest to where they lived
  • Other Actions done by the County


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Colorado Land and Property for additional information about early Colorado land grants.

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where current records are also housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for San Miguel County, Colorado Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Colorado Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers



Military Records

Naturalization and Citizenship

Online Records


Colorado Newspapers Online

Colorado Newspaper Catalogs

  • U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper

For more information see Colorado Newspapers.


Other Records


Probate Records

Probate records have been kept by the county courts. Colorado probate records include bonds, affidavits, letters, claims, appraisals, fee accounts, minutes, judgments, dockets, calendars, case files, and wills. The Family History Library does not have copies of probate records from Colorado.

You may obtain copies of documents from the clerk's office in the county courthouse.

Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

Colorado tax records complement land records and can be used as supplements to censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records. To find tax records in the FamilySearch Catalog, do a Place Search for the county.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Vital Records Section Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Colorado.

Colorado Vital Records Search


Birth records may become public records when 100 years have elapsed after the date of birth. EXCEPTION: The birth record of any individual who is known to be currently alive will remain confidential even if they are 100 years of age or greater. [4]


Online Records


Death records may become public records when 75 years have elapsed after the date of death. [4]


Online Records

Research Facilities


The Colorado State Archives has the following records available for San Miguel County, Colorado Genealogy in this online database Archives Search. For a full list of online holdings, click here.
1880-1939 Divorce Index
1883-1900 Mine Accidents, Non - fatal
1897-1920 Horseshoers
1936-1942 Civilian Conservation Corps Enrollments
1966-1968 Vietnam Deaths
1885-1906 San Miguel Teacher Exams
1934 San Miguel County Old Age Pension

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.


San Miguel Library District # 1/Telluride
100 W. Pacific Ave
Telluride, CO 81435
Telephone: 970-728-4519

San Miguel Library District # 2/Norwood
1110 Lucerne Street
Norwood, CO 81423
Telephone: 970-327-4833




Research Guides


  1. 1.0 1.1 The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), San Miguel County, Colorado. Page 101 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 The Red Book, American State, County, and Town Sources. Edited by Alice Eichholz. (Ancestry, Provo; 3d ed, 2004.) Colorado article by Birdie Monk Holzclaw and Marsha Hoffman Rising. page 94.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Letter from Colorado State Registrar, Dated September 1, 2011. Policy Number 2011- 08.