Stanley County, South Dakota Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

United StatesGotoarrow.png South Dakota Gotoarrow.png Stanley County

Guide to Stanley County, South Dakota ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Information


County Courthouse

Stanley County Courthouse
40 E 2nd Avenue
Fort Pierre, SD 57352
Phone: 605.223.2673

Register of Deeds has marriage records from 1890, burial records from 1892, birth and death records from 1905 and land records;
Clerk Courts has divorce, probate and court records from 1890[1]

Stanley County, South Dakota Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

1873--Stanley County was created 8 January 1873 from unorganized territory.
County seat: Fort Pierre [2]

Populated Places

County Facts
Organized: January 8, 1873
County seat: Fort Pierre
Parent County(s): unorganized territory[2]
Variant Spellings:
Neighboring Counties
Dewey  • Haakon  • Hughes  • Jones  • Lyman  • Sully  • Ziebach
See County Maps
Location Map
Adopt-a-wiki page
Sdgwlogo2.gif This page adopted by:
SDGenWeb Project
who welcome you to contribute.
and its representative
Stanley Co. SDGenWeb
Adopt a page today

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Stanley County, South Dakota online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See South Dakota Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1880 793
1890 1,028 29.6%
1900 1,341 30.4%
1910 14,975 1016.7%
1920 2,908 −80.6%
1930 2,381 −18.1%
1940 1,959 −17.7%
1950 2,055 4.9%
1960 4,085 98.8%
1970 2,457 −39.9%
1980 2,533 3.1%
1990 2,453 −3.2%
2000 2,772 13.0%
2010 2,966 7.0%
Source: "".

State Census Records

Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for South Dakota starting in 1910. For links to Federal census indexes, see South Dakota Census.

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about South Dakota denominations, view the South Dakota Church Records wiki page.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See South Dakota Land and Property for additional information about early South Dakota land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Stanley County, South Dakota Genealogy. County and town histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section South Dakota Local Histories.

  • Fort Pierre Chouteau. 1990. By Harold H. Schuler. Vermillion, South Dakota : University of South Dakota Press. Online at: ; At various libraries (WorldCat).

Maps and Gazetteers


Military Records

Civil War

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship


South Dakota Newspapers Online

South Dakota Newspaper Catalogs

  • U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper.

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Stanley County, South Dakota Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Other Records


Probate Records

In most counties in South Dakota, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for South Dakota, Stanley then click Probate records.

Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

South Dakota tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. See the CDC Where to Write website for information on acquiring copies of these records.





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.





Research Guides


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002)Stanley County, South Dakota, p.628
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).