Sumner County, Kansas Genealogy

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United StatesGotoarrow.png Kansas Gotoarrow.png Sumner County

Guide to Sumner County, Kansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Wellington
Organized: February 26, 1867
Parent County(s): Butler and Marion [1]
Neighboring Counties
Butler  • Cowley  • Grant (OK)  • Harper  • Kay (OK)  • Kingman  • Sedgwick
See County Maps
Location Map
200px-Map of Kansas highlighting Sumner County svg.bmp
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County Information


County Courthouse

Sumner County Courthouse
500 N. Washington Ave.
Wellington, Kansas 67152-4096
Phone: 620.326.3395
Sumner County Website

Probate Judge has marriage and probate records.
Clerk District Court has divorce records.
County Clerk has land records. [1]

Sumner County, Kansas Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1885 1871 1885 1871 1871

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • 1867--Sumner County was created 26 February 1867 from Butler and Marion Counties.
  • County seat: Wellington [1]

Populated Places

The following are locations in Sumner County, Kansas:


  • Argonia
  • Belle Plaine
  • Caldwell
  • Conway Springs
  • Geuda Springs (partly in Cowley County)
  • Hunnewell
  • Mayfield
  • Milan
  • Mulvane
  • Oxford
  • South Haven
  • Wellington

Unincorporated Communities

  • Anson
  • Ashton
  • Corbin
  • Dalton
  • Drury
  • Milton
  • Peck (partly in Sedgwick County
  • Perth
  • Portland
  • Riverdale
  • Rome
  • Suppesville

Ghost towns

  • Adamsville
  • Cicero
  • Doster
  • Ewell[12]
  • Metcalf
  • Roland
  • Sumner City
  • Zyba

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Sumner County, Kansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Kansas Cemeteries for more information


Census Records

Kansas Territory was enumerated in 1860, although there were 15 counties that were marked with "no population" in them. [3] See links listed below.

State Census

Church Records

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Kansas Church Records.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Kansas Land and Property for additional information about early Kansas land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Sumner County, Kansas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Kansas Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

1915-1918 Sumner County Railroad Map.png

Plot Maps of Sumner County from the Kansas Historical Society.


The Chisholm Trail entered Kansas south through Caldwell and moved northeastward missing Wellington by 7 miles to the west. The trail that hosted cattle travel from the 1860’s well into the 1870’s was virtually abandoned as settlers staked out homesteads diverting cattle to the West. The Santa Fe Railroad brought the Trail back to life when the railroad came to Caldwell in 1880. [5]

Military Records

  • Sumner County was organized after the Civil War began. Please see Butler and Marion counties for Civil War records

Naturalization and Citizenship


  • Belle Plaine News - 431 N. Merchant Belle Plaine Ks 67013 620-488-2234
  • Caldwell Messenger - 111 S. Main P.O. Box 313 Caldwell Ks 67022 620-845-2320
  • Conway Springs Star - Argonia Argosy - 214 W. Spring Conway Springs Ks 620-456-2473
  • Mulvane News - 204 W. Main Mulvane Ks 67110 ~ 620-777-4233
  • Oxford Register 110 E. Myrtle Oxford Ks 67119 ~ 620 455 3535
  • South Haven New Era South Haven Ks
  • Wellington Daily News 113 W. Harvey / Wellington, KS 67152 (620) 326-3326

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Sumner County, Kansas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Other Records


Probate Records

In most counties in Kansas, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, inventories, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Kansas, Sumner and click Probate records.

Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

Kansas tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Tax lists were usually made every year, however, there may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Kansas Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Kansas Office of Vital Statistics or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Kansas Vital Records. For information about restrictions and costs for certificates, see the CDC Where to Write for Vital Records site.





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.




Sumner County Historical and Genealogical Center
208 N Washington Ave
PO Box 402
Wellington, KS 67152
Telephone Number: 785-339-3127


Research Guides


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Sumner County, Kansas. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 232-245. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  3. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 119.
  4. Frank Wilson Blackmar Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events ..., Volume 1 Google Books
  5. The Chisholm Trail