Taylor County, Texas Genealogy

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Guide to Taylor County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Taylor County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Taylor County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Founded February 1, 1858
County Seat Abilene
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County Information

County Courthouse

Taylor County Courthouse
300 Oak Street
Abilene, TX 79602
Phone: 325-674-1202

County Clerk has marriage, probate and land records[1]

County Clerk

300 Oak St. Ste. 100
Abilene 79602
Phone: 325-674-1205
Fax: 325-674-1279

District Clerk

300 Oak St. Ste. 400
Abilene 79602
Phone: 325-674-1316
Fax: 325-674-1307

Taylor County has had two county seats:  Buffalo Gap 1878-1883 and Abilene 1883-present.[2]

Taylor County, Texas Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1903 1878 1880 1878 1878


Parent County

1858--Taylor County was created 1 February 1858 from Bexar and Travis Counties.

  • County seat: Abilene [3]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Taylor County boundary changes.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities

Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places

Abilene | Buffalo Gap | Caps | Potosi | Hamby | Happy Valley | Lawn | Merkel | Ovalo | Potosi | Trent | Tuscola | Tye | View | Wylie

Neighboring Counties

Callahan  • Coleman  • Fisher  • Jones  • Nolan  • Runnels  • Shackelford

Coke CountyNolan CountyFisher CountyRunnels CountyTaylor CountyJones CountyColeman CountyCallahan CountyShackelford CountyTX TAYLOR.JPG
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African American


Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories





Names in Stone


Billion Graves

Billion Graves

Cemeteries of Texas

Names in Stone

See Texas Cemeteries for more information.
Additional Cemetery Sources


Historical populations
Census Pop.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death/burial date and place. For general information about Texas denominations, view the Texas Church Records wiki page.



After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Taylor County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.




Mexican-American War
Civil War


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Taylor County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

TX Newspaper Abstracts (For instructions see WorldCat Online Catalog).



Probate records of Texas have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Records


Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

1846-1910 Texas County Tax Rolls lists FHL films with county tax lists. The lists vary by county and year. Most records are between the years of 1846 - 1910.

Vital Records


Online Birth Indexes and Records


Online Marriage Indexes and Records


Online Death Indexes and Records


Societies and Libraries

Scarborough Library of Genealogy
History and Biography of South and Southwest
c/o McMurray College Library
McMurray Station, Abilene, TX 79605

Taylor Heritage Society
PO Box 385
Taylor 76574

Abilene Public Library
202 Cedar St
Abilene, TX 79601
Telephone Number: 325-676-6328

Merkel Public Library
100 Kent St
Merkel, TX 79536
Telephone Number: 325-928-5054

  • Society Hill  ~  Links and addresses to Texas genealogical and historical societies

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.


  • Taylor County~  TXGenWeb
  • Taylor County Archives  ~  USGenWeb Archives Project
  • TXGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the county.
  • USGenWeb Texas Archives Vital statistics, maps, obituaries, Bible records, tombstone transcriptions and many other records.
  • FamilySearch Catalog — The catalog is genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) This catalog is different than the indexed Historical Records.


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Taylor County, Texas. Page 674 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Handbook of Texas Online: Taylor County http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hct02
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).