Texas, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Texas, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 .
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Texas, United States
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Record Description
Record Type Compiled Service Records
Record Group RG 94: [ http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/094.html Records of the Adjutant General's Office]
Collection years 1861-1865
Microfilm Publication M402. Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas. 13 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 423
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
  • Ancestry ($) Searchable Civil War service records
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in the Collection?

The collection consists of Union service records of soldiers who served in organizations from Texas for the years 1861 to 1865. The records include abstracts of entries relating to the soldier as found in the following original records:

  • Muster rolls
  • Returns
  • Rosters
  • Payrolls
  • Appointment books
  • Hospital registers
  • Union prison registers and rolls
  • Parole rolls
  • Inspection reports

For each military unit the service records are arranged alphabetically by the soldier's surname. The Military Unit field may also display the surname range (A-G) as found on the microfilm. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780s - 1917 and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M402. Index courtesy of www.fold3.com (previously Footnote.com).

Service records were kept for each soldier. Those records, or their abstracts, were compiled into individual files. Each envelope/jacket contains information and cross references to original records relating to the soldier. The records are in individual files which usually include the following:

  • A jacket-envelope for each soldier, labeled with his name, rank, and the unit in which he served
  • A card (or cards) with abstracts of entries from original muster rolls, returns, rosters, payrolls, appointment books, hospital registers, parole rolls, and inspection reports
  • The originals of any papers relating only to the particular soldier

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Texas, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865.


What Can these Records Tell Me?

The index to these records usually contains the following:

  • Jacket name
  • Soldier’s name, rank and company where served
  • Where born and age at enlistment
  • Occupation
  • Time period of enlistment
  • Physical description
  • Date and place where mustered-in
  • Type of records in file
  • NARA publication number, title, and roll number

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search you will need to know:

  • The name of your ancestor.
  • The approximate age of your ancestor.
  • The dates your ancestor served as a soldier.

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information in the list to what you already know about your ancestor to determine if it is the correct person. You may need to compare several persons in the list before you find your ancestor.

Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page.


For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.

I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?

  • Use the age to calculate a birth date and to find other records such as birth, christening, census, land and death records.
  • Use the information to find additional family members. Witnesses or bondsmen were usually relatives.
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking for, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Search the indexes and records of Texas, United States Genealogy.
  • Search in the Texas Archives and Libraries.

Citing this Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  

Collection Citation:

"Texas, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865" Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing "Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas." Fold3.com. http://www.fold3.com : n.d. NARA microfilm publication M402. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1962.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Texas, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865.


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