Treasure County, Montana Genealogy

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United StatesGotoarrow.png Montana Gotoarrow.png Treasure County

Guide to Treasure County, Montana ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


County Facts
County seat: Hysham
Organized: February 7, 1919
Parent County(s): Rosebud[1]
Neighboring Counties
Big Horn  • Rosebud  • Yellowstone
See County Maps
Location Map
Map of Montana highlighting Treasure County.png
This page is available for adoption

County Information


Treasure County is a county located in the southcentre of the state. Its county seat is Hysham. The county was founded in 1919.[2]

County Courthouse

Treasure County Courthouse
PO Box 392
Hysham, MT 59038-0392
Phone: 406.342.5547

County Clerk and Recorder has birth, death and land records 1919;
Clerk District Court has marriage, divorce, probate and court records [3]

Treasure County, Montana Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
* For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • Parent County: created 7 February 1919 from Rosebud
  • County Seat: Hysham [4]

Populated Places

The following are locations in the county.[5]

Unincorporated communites
Ghost towns


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Treasure County, Montana online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Montana Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1920 1,990
1930 1,661 −16.5%
1940 1,499 −9.8%
1950 1,402 −6.5%
1960 1,345 −4.1%
1970 1,069 −20.5%
1980 981 −8.2%
1990 874 −10.9%
2000 861 −1.5%
2010 718 −16.6%
Source: [1]

Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for Montana starting in 1870. For links to federal census indexes, see Montana Census.

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Montana denominations, view the Montana Church Records wiki page.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Montana Land and Property for additional information about early Montana land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Treasure County, Montana Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Montana Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Treasure County


Military Records

Civil War

World War I

For further information see Montana Military Records.

Naturalization and Citizenship


  • ($) has a collection of digitized Montana newspapers including Billings newspapers that may include residents of Treasure County. This database is sometimes free at libraries.

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Treasure County, Montana Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


See also United States Obituaries for more about finding United States obituaries.

Other Records


Probate Records

In most counties in Montana, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, inventories, claim registers, inheritance records, probate packets, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Montana, Treasure - Probate records.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Montana tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most birth and death original records can be purchased from the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. For information about marriages, divorces, and requirements for obtaining any vital records, see the CDC Where to Write website.





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.





Research Guides


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2.,_Montana accessed 11/22/2016
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 418.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Treasure County, Montana," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 2 Dec 2016.