Union County, North Carolina Genealogy

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Guide to Union County, North Carolina ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Union County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Union County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1842
County Seat Monroe
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County Courthouse

Beginning Dates for Union County, North Carolina Genealogy Government Records

Union County Courthouse.jpg

Union County Courthouse
Physical Address
400 North Main Street
Monroe, NC 28112

Mailing Address
PO Box 5038
Monroe, NC 28111-5038
(704) 296-4600

Register of Deeds has birth, marriage and death records and burial records Clerk Court has divorce, probate, military court naturalization
records and land records[1]

Register of Deeds
PO Box 248
Monroe, NC 28111
Phone: 704-283-3794
Fax: 704-283-3569

Clerk Superior Court
PO Box 5038
Monroe, NC 28111-5038
Phone: (704) 698-3100


Union County was established in 1842 from parts of Mecklenburg and Anson counties, and named "Union" as a compromise to settle a dispute between local Whigs and Democrats over whether the new county should be named "Clay" or "Jackson." Both of those names were subsequently used for new counties in the extreme southwestern part of the state.

Mecklenburg County and the large city of Charlotte are to the northwest. Charlotte's suburban areas include areas of Union County.

Anson County was one of the largest counties in NC at one time, and its territory covered the southwest quadrant of the state.

Monroe is the county seat for Union County. Other cities and towns are: Fairview, Hemby Bridge, Indian Trail, Lake Park, Marshville, Marvin, Mineral Springs, Stallings, Unionville, Waxhaw, Weddington, Wesley Chapel, and Wingate .

Townships are Goose Creek, Jackson, Marshville, Monroe, New Salem, Vance, Buford, Lanes Creek, Sandy Ridge.

Parent County

1842--Union County was created from Anson and Mecklenburg Counties.
County seat: Monroe [2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

Some of the early records are missing.


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
NCGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
NCGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
North Carolina Cemeteries
Billion Graves
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information.


For tips on accessing Union County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.




The Union County Register of Deeds has land records starting from 1842. Included are deeds, deeds of trust, plats and miscellaneous documents related to real estate.  There office is:

Register of Deeds
500 N. Main St., 2nd Floor
Monroe, NC 28111

The Registry maintains a database for an online Deed Search for records from 1842 - 2004:

Union County Deeds Search

Local Histories



Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Union County, North Carolina Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Union County, North Carolina Genealogy:

- 12th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company L
- 15th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, formerly the 5th Volunteers, Company B
- 1st Regiment, North Carolina Detailed Men, Company G
- 2nd Regiment, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company F
- 4th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company I
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company E



Online Probate Records

The Union County Clerk of the Superior Court has Court records from 1843 and Probate records (wills & estate records) from 1837, if they have not been transferred to the NC State Archives. Please check with the office to find out if the record you are looking for is available.

Union County Clerk of Superior Court

400 North Main Street
Monroe, NC 28112
(704) 698 -3100

The North Carolina State Archives has microfilm of the Union County Record of Wills, 1842-1968, and the Cross Index to Wills, 1842-1968.  Copies of materials can be ordered from the Archives by visiting their website, however if you've never done so before, please read the following to give you some tips on what to expect and what to ask for:

Contacting the State Archives


Vital Records

The Union County Register of Deeds has Birth and Death records starting from 1913; Marriage records start from 1842.

Contact the office as follows:

Register of Deeds
500 N. Main St., 2nd Floor
Monroe, NC 28111


Societies and Libraries 

Union County Historical Society
P. O. Box 397
Monroe , NC 28111

Carolinas Genealogical Society
P. O. Box 397
Monroe , NC 28111

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Union County, North Carolina. Page 513 FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/f/f5/Iginorthcarolinap.pdf.