United States Census
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|United States Background|
|Local Research Resources|
|U.S. Census Topics|
|Non-Population Federal Schedules|
|U.S. Census Types|
|Other records that show where people lived are:|
- What are the U.S. census records?
- What time periods do they cover?
- What can I find in them?
- How do I access them?
- Search strategies
For a more complete beginning introduction, see U. S. Census Records Class Handout.
Key U.S. Census Indexes and Images Internet Links
- United States Census Online Genealogy Records Internet links by year for FamilySearch, Ancestry.com, FindMyPast, and MyHeritage
- AccessGenealogy - United States Census Records
- Census Finder
- CensusRecords.com ($) indexes & images 1790-1940
- Fold3.com ($) index & images 1860 and 1930
- Internet Archive images 1790-1930
- My Free Census Find your ancestors in the U.S. census, and International census records
- U.S. Census Bureau images of published transcriptions of 1790 census for 12 states
- Nonpopulation Census Records Agriculture, mortality, and social statistics schedules are available for the census years of 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880. Manufacturing schedules are available for 1820, 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880. Schedules of business are available for 1935 for these industries: advertising agencies, banking and financial institutions, miscellaneous enterprises, motor trucking for hire, public warehousing, and radio broadcasting stations.
Value of Censuses
A census is a count and description of the population of a country,state, county, or city for a given date. Census lists are also called “schedules." In the United States a nationwide census has been taken every ten years since 1790. A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to:
- Follow the family over time.
- Determine family relationships.
- Find clues to other locations where the family lived
- Show clues for finding other records.
Contents of Federal Censuses
- Headings of census records 1790-1930
- What You'll Learn in the Census Year by Year Ancestry.com ($) Comparison table of census headings
- Historical Census Browser 1790-1960 (University of Virginia Library)
Contents by Federal Census Years
Finding Census Records
Censuses in U.S. States
Censuses in U.S. Territories
Key Reference Sources
- Map Guide to U.S. Federal Censuses 1790-1920  Shows county boundary changes in each state from 1790 to 1920, and which census areas were lost or still exist.
- The Census Book: a Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes: with Master Extraction Forms for Federal Census Schedules, 1790-1930  An online edition is at HeritageQuestOnline. Discusses indexes, regular, and non-population schedules.
- Censuses and Tax Lists  Strategies for finding elusive ancestors, and history of indexing.
- Census Class Video 
- State and Special Census Video 
- Heads of Households Only Video 
- United States Census, 1890 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
- William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to U.S. Federal Censuses 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., 1987) [FHL Book 973 X2th].
- William Dollarhide, The Census Book: a Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes: with Master Extraction Forms for Federal Census Schedules, 1790-1930. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999)[FHL book 973 X27d].
- G. David Dilts, "Censuses and Tax Lists" in Kory L. Meyerink, ed., Printed Sources: a Guide to Published Genealogical Records (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1998), 300-52. [FHL Book 016.9293 P96m]
- Tiffany Perkins, Tiff's Census Class (27 minute online video) FamilySearch Research Classes OnlineMid-Continent Public Library, Midwest Genealogy Center, 2010.
- Gary Toms, State and Special Census Records (36 minute online video) FamilySearch Research Classes OnlineMid-Continent Public Library, Midwest Genealogy Center, 2010.
- Angela McComas, Heads of Household Only: Analysis of Pre-1850 Federal Census (19 minute online video) FamilySearch Research Classes OnlineMid-Continent Public Library, Midwest Genealogy Center, 2010.