United States Census, 1830 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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United States Census, 1830 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|Seal of the National Archives|
|Record Type||Census Population Schedules|
|Record Group||RG 29: Records of the Bureau of the Census|
|Microfilm Publication||M19. Fifth Census of the united States, 1830. 201 rolls.|
|Arrangement||Alphabetical by state, by county, by city, township.|
|National Archives Identifier||2353541|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is in the Collection?
- 2 Collection Content
- 3 What Can this Collection Tell Me?
- 4 How Do I Search the Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Known Issues with This Collection
- 7 Citing this Collection
- 8 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in the Collection?
The collection consists of an index to the population schedules listing the inhabitants of the United States taken June 1,1830. The schedules are from NARA microfilm publication M19 Fifth Census of the United States,1830 and is part of Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census. Index provided by Ancestry.com.
|You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census, 1830.|
What Can this Collection Tell Me?
The 1830 census includes the following information:
- City, county and state where census was taken
- Name of head of household
- Number of free white males and females under the age of 5
- Number of free white males and females between the ages of 5-10
- Number of free white males and females between the ages of 10-15
- Number of free white males and females between the ages of 15-20
- Number of free white males and females between the ages of 20-30
- Number of free white males and females between the ages of 30-40
- Number of free white males and females between the ages of 40-50
- Number of free white males and females between the ages of 50-60
- Number of free white males and females between the ages of 60-70
- Number of free white males and females between the ages of 70-80
- Number of free white males and females between the ages of 80-90
- Number of free white males and females between the ages of 90-100
- Number of free white males and females whose age was 100 or more
How Do I Search the Collection?
To begin your search it would be helpful to know:
- The name of your ancestor.
- The approximate age of your ancestor.
- The state where your ancestor lived.
Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.
View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "State"
⇒Select the appropriate "County"
⇒Select the appropriate "Township" which takes you to the images.
Look at each image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
With either search keep in mind:
- There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
- You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
- Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
- If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
- Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.
What Do I Do Next?
When you have located your ancestor’s census record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details. Add this new information to your records of each family. You should also look for leads to other records about your ancestors.
I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?
- Use the age categories to determine an approximate birth date range.
- Use the residence to locate other records such as land, probate, tax, and church records.
- Continue to search the index and records to identify other relatives.
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
- You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination.
- Be aware that, as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?
- Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names.
- Search the indexes and records of nearby localities.
- Try alternative search methods such as only filling in the surname search box (or the given name search box) on the landing page leaving the other box empty and then click on search. This should return a list of everyone with that particular name. You could then browse the list for individuals that may be your ancestor.
- There is also the possibility that a family was missed in the census.
|Don't overlook items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. This can help you locate additional records to search for information on your family.|
General Information About These Records
Federal census takers were asked to record information about every person who was in each household on the census day, which was the first Monday in August for 1830. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Commerce Department’s Census Office in Washington, D.C.
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households. The original schedules are well preserved at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. They were microfilmed in the 1950s and 1960s. The schedules for some counties in varying censuses are missing.
Known Issues with This Collection
| Problems with this collection?|
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to email@example.com. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
Citing this Collection
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
- "United States Census, 1830." Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing "1830 United States Federal Census." Ancestry.com. www.ancestry.com : 2010. NARA microfilm publication M19. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.
Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):
|The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for United States Census, 1830.|
|The image citation is available by clicking on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census, 1830.|
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
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Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.