United States Census, 1920 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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United States Census, 1920 .
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|Seal of the National Archives|
|Record Type||Census Population Schedules|
|Record Group||RG 29: Records of the Bureau of the census, 1790-2007|
|Microfilm Publication||T626. Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930. 2076 rolls.|
|Arrangement||Alphabetically by state, by county, and enumeration district|
|National Archives Identifier||2353589|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is in the Collection?
- 2 Collection Content
- 3 What Can this Collection Tell Me?
- 4 How Do I Search the Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Known Issues with This Collection
- 7 Citing this Collection
- 8 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in the Collection?
Index to the population schedules from National Archive microfilm publication T625, Fourteenth Census of the United States, 1920. The collection is part of Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census. The census will identify the place of residence on January 1, 1920 for each person counted. The collection is arranged alphabetically by state, then by county, and by enumeration district (ED). Enumeration districts may not always be arranged in numerical order within each state. The index was created by FamilySearch and Ancestry.com.
To Browse this Collection
|You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for United States Census, 1920.|
What Can this Collection Tell Me?
Information in the 1920 census:
- State, county, township, town/city, precinct and enumeration district
- Date census was taken (information given based on a 1 January 1920 date)
- Street name and house number
- Name of head of household
- Names of all members of household
- Relationship to head of household
- Age (can be used to calculate the approximate birth year)
- Marital status (single, married, widowed or divorced)
- Immigrant or naturalized citizen
- Date of naturalization
- Whether attended school or not
- Able to read and write?
- Birthplace of each member
- Language spoken
- Father's birthplace
- Mother's birthplace
How Do I Search the Collection?
To begin your search it is helpful to know the following:
- The name of your ancestor.
- The approximate age and birth place of your ancestor.
- The state and county where your ancestor lived.
- The names of other family members or associates.
Search by Name by visiting the Collection Page:
Fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.
View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "State"
⇒Select the appropriate "County"
⇒Select the appropriate "Township"
⇒Select the appropriate "District" which takes you to the images.
Keep in mind:
- If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
- Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
For tips about searching on-line collections see FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at United States Census, 1920. Click on camera icon to see images.|
What Do I Do Next?
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
I Found Who I was Looking for, What Now?
- Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
- Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
- Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
I Can't Find Who I'm Looking for, What Now?
- Remember that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.
- Check for variant spellings of the names.
- Look for another index. Local historical and genealogical societies often have indexes to local records.
- Search neighboring localities or states.
General Information About These Records
Population schedules were recorded on large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually the order in which the enumerator visited the households.
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all the people who were in a household on the census day, which was 1 January for the 1920 census. A census taker might have visited the residence on a later date, but the information collected was to have been about the people in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The schedules cover 95 to 97 percent of the population.
The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
Known Issues with This Collection
| Problems with this collection?|
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to email@example.com. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
Citing this Collection
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
- "United States Census, 1920." Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing NARA microfilm publication T625. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.
Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
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