Although Vergennes was settled as early as 1766 when Donald McIntosh built a homestead on Comfort Hill overlooking the Otter Creek Falls, most of the inhabitants left the county during the period from 1766 to 1783 when boundary disputes with New York and the Revolutionary War made peaceful settlement impossible. After 1783 the population expanded rapidly, and by 1787 it was evident the falls, with its milling and shipping activities, was very different from the outlying agricultural communities. In 1788, residents of the three bordering towns agreed to give up a portion of their land to establish a separate village on the Otter Creek Falls.
On September 19, 1788, Vergennes was incorporated as a city, the third in the new nation and the first in the state. It is the only one of Vermont's cities not to have been first chartered as a town or independant village. Its name was suggested by Ethan Allen to honor the Comte de Vergennes, French minister of foreign affairs and negotiator of the Treaty of Paris.  
Vergennes, Vermont and the War of 1812, by Norman Ansley, Richard K Adams, Arthur B Cohn, and Kevin James Crisman (1999) - find this book in a library.
FamilySearch Historical Records Collection has Vermont birth, death, and marriage records online.
The probate district for Vergennes is Addison.
Addison Probate Court
7 Mahady Court
Middlebury, VT 05753
Phone: (802) 388-2612
The following is a list of cemeteries in present-day Vergennes. For location of cemeteries, see Cemeteries of Vermont, Addison County, website at this link.
- Prospect Cemetery - inscriptions found at Find A Grave site.
- Saint Peters Cemetery - inscriptions found at Find A Grave site.
- Vergennes Burying Ground (Old Vergennes Cemetery) - inscriptions found at Find A Grave site.
St. Paul's Episcopal Church Records, 1833-1915 - available on microfilm at the Family History Library. Order film online.
Includes: Historical notes
List of ministers
Records of baptisms 1833-1915
Families, confirmations, communicants, marriages 1835-1915
Contributions and offerings
List of meetings
Saint Peter's Roman Catholic Church, Vermont French-Canadian Genealogical Society.
Includes: Marriage repertoire, 1856-1947 - find this book in a library.
Baptism repertoire1855-1945 - find this book in a library.
Town Clerk Vital and Town Records, 1770-1999 at FamilySearch (browse only images).
The Family History Library has microfilm of original records from the Vergennes City Clerk's Office. These include Records of births, marriages, and deaths, 1857-1999; indexes to births, marriages, deaths, 1770-1999.
Vergennes City Clerk
120 Main St.
PO Box 35
Vergennes, VT 05491
Phone: (802) 877-2841
Libraries and Historical Societies
Vergennes Vermont Historical Society
Website: Vergennes Historical Society
- Vergennes, VT History http://vergennes.org/tourism/history/
- History of Vergennes, VT http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vermont/AddisonVergennes.html