Virginia County Creation Dates and Parent Counties

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Name of County Date Formed Boundary
Changes
Parent County Counties Created by Boundary Changes
Accawmack 1634 Details Colonial lands renamed Northampton 1642
Accomack 1661 Details Northampton none
Albemarle 1744 Oct 16 Details Goochland, Louisa Fluvanna 1777, Charlotteville (city), Bedford 1753, Buckingham 1758
Alleghany 1822 Jan 05 Details Bath, Botetourt, Monroe Clifton Forge (city), Amherst 1758, Craig 1851, Covington 1954
Amelia 1734 Sep 30 Details Brunswick, Prince George Nottoway 1788, Prince Edward 1753
Amherst 1761 Apr 07 Details Albemarle Nelson 1807
Appomattox 1845 Feb 08 Details Buckingham, Campbell, Charlotte, Prince Edward none
Arlington 1920 Details renamed from Alexandria none
Augusta 1738 Dec 15 Details Orange Bath 1790, Botetourt 1769, Frederick 1738, Hampshire 1753, Illinois 1778, Monongalia 1776, Ohio 1776, Pendleton 1787, Rockingham 1778, Staunton (city), Yohogania 1776, Rockbridge 1776
Barbour 1843 Mar 03 Details Harrison, Lewis, Randolph in State of West Virginia
Bath 1790 Dec 14 Details Augusta, Botetourt, Greenbrier Highland 1847, Alleghany 1822, Pendleton 1787, Pocahontas 1821
Bedford 1753 Dec 13 Details Albemarle, Lunenburg Bedford (city), Campbell 1781, Franklin 1785
Berkeley 1772 Mar 24 Details Frederick in State of West Virginia
Bland 1861 Mar 30 Details Giles, Tazewell, Wythe none
1847 Mar 11 Details Kanawha, Cabell, Logan in State of West Virginia
Botetourt 1769 Nov 28 Details Augusta, Rockbridge Bath 1790, Craig 1851, Fincastle 1772, Greenbrier 1778, Monroe 1799, Montgomery 1776, Roanoke 1838, Rockbridge 1776, Alleghany 1822
Bourbon 1785 Dec 29 Details Fayette in State of Kentucky
Braxton 1836 Jan 15 Details Kanawha, Lewis, Nicholas, Randolph in State of West Virginia
Brooke 1796 Nov 30 Details Ohio in State of West Virginia
Brunswick 1720 Dec 17 Details Prince Geore, Surry, isle of Wight Amelia 1734, Greensville 1780, Lunenburg 1746
Buchanan 1858 Feb 16 Details Russell, Tazewell Dickenson 1880
Buckingham 1758 Apr 07 Details Albermarle, Appomattox Cumberland 1748, Appomattox 1845
Cabell 1809 Jan 02 Details Kanawha in State of West Virginia
Calhoun 1859 Mar 05 Details Gilmer in State of West Virginia
Campbell 1781 Dec 15 Details Bedford Lynchburg (city), Appomattox 1845
Caroline 1727 Mar 15 Details Essex, King and Queen, King William none
Carroll 1842 Jan 17 Details Grayson, Patrick Galax (city)
Charles City 1634 4 16 Details Colonial lands Prince George 1702
Charlotte 1764 Nov 27 Details Lunenburg Appomattox 1845
Chesterfield 1749 May 01 Details Henrico Powhatan 1777
Clarke 1836 Mar 08 Details Frederick none
Clay 1858 Mar 29 Details Braxton, Nicholas in State of West Virginia
Craig 1851 Mar 21 Details Alleghany, Botetourt, Giles, Montgomery, Monroe, Roanoke none
Culpeper 1748 Mar 23 Details Orange Madison 1792, Rappahannock 1833
Cumberland 1748 Mar 23 Details Goochland, Buckingham Powhatan 1777
Dickenson 1880 Feb 27 Details Buchanan, Russell, Wise none
Dinwiddie 1752 Mar 09 Details Prince George Colonial Heights (city), Petersburg (city)
Doddridge 1845 Feb 04 Details Harrison, Tyler, Ritchie, Lewis in State of West Virginia
Dunmore 1772 Mar 24 Details Frederick renamed Shenandoah 1778
Elizabeth City 1634 4 16 Details Colonial lands annexed to city of Hampton 1952
Essex 1694 Apr 26 Details old Rappahannock Spotsylvania 1720, Caroline 1727
Fairfax 1742 May 24 Details Prince William, Loudoun Fairfax (city), Falls Church (city), Loudoun 1757
Fauquier 1758 Apr 05 Details Prince William none
Fayette 1831 Feb 28 Details Kanawha, Greenbrier, Logan, Nicholas in State of West Virginia
Fayette (old) 1780 Jun 30 Details State of Virginia in State of Kentucky
Fincastle 1772 Apr 08 Details Botetourt Kentucky 1777, Montgomery 1776, Washington 1776
Floyd 1831 Jan 15 Details Montgomery, Franklin none
Fluvanna 1777 Jun 03 Details Albemarle none
Franklin 1785 Nov 29 Details Bedford, Henry, Patrick Floyd 1831
Frederick 1738 Dec 15 Details Orange, Augusta Berkeley 1772, Clarke 1839, Dunmore 1772, Hampshire 1753, Shenandoah 1772, Warren 1836, Winchester (city)
Giles 1806 Jan 16 Details Montgomery, Monroe, Mercer, Tazewell, Craig, Wythe Bland 1861, Craig 1851, Logan 1824, Mercer 1837
Gilmer 1845 Feb 03 Details Lewis, Kanawha in State of West Virginia
Gloucester 1651 Details York Mathews 1790
Goochland 1727 Mar 06 Details Henrico Albemarle 1744, Cumberland 1748
Grayson 1792 Nov 07 Details Patrick, Wythe Carroll 1742, Galax (city), Wythe 1789
Greenbrier 1778 Jan 12 Details Botetourt, Fayette, Monroe, Montgomery Bath 1790, in State of West Virginia
Greene 1838 Jan 24 Details Orange none
Greensville 1780 Nov 28 Details Brunswick, Sussex Emporia (city)
Halifax 1752 Apr 17 Details Lunenburg Pittsylvania 1766, South Boxton (city)
Hampshire 1753 Dec 13 Details Augusta, Hardy, Frederick in State of West Virginia
Hancock 1848 Jan 15 Details Brooke in State of West Virginia
Hanover 1720 Nov 20 Details New Kent Louisa 1742
Hardy 1785 Dec 10 Details Hampshire in State of West Virginia
Harrison 1784 Jun 04 Details Randolph, Ohio, Monongalia in State of West Virginia
Henrico 1634 Details Colonial lands Chesterfield 1749, Goochland 1727, Richmond (city)
Henry 1776 Oct 23 Details Patrick, Pittsylvania Franklin 1785, Martinsville (city), Patrick 1790
Highland 1847 Mar 19 Details Bath, Pendleton none
Illinois 1778 Dec 09 Details Augusta ceded to US Government (part of Northwest Territory, 1787)
Isle of Wight 1634 OF WIGHT Details Warrosquoyoake Brunswick 1720, Southampton 1749
Jackson 1831 Mar 01 Details Kanawha, Mason, Wood, Wirt in State of West Virginia
James City 1634 CITY Details Colonial lands New Kent 1654, Surry 1752
Jefferson (old) 1780 Jun 30 Details Virginia state lands in State of Kentucky
Jefferson (new) 1801 Jan 08 Details Berkeley in State of West Virginia
Kanawha 1788 Nov 14 Details Fayette, Greenbrier, Montgomery in State of West Virginia
Kentucky 1777 Dec 07 Details Fincastle as the State of Kentucky
King and Queen 1691 May 12 AND QUEEN Details New Kent King William 1701, Spotsylvania 1720, Caroline 1727
King George 1720 Nov 24 Details Richmond, Westmoreland Prince William 1730
King William 1701 Sep 12 Details King and Queen Caroline 1727, Spotsylvania 1720
Lancaster 1651 Details York, Northumberland Middlesex 1673, Old Rappahannock 1656
Lee 1792 Oct 25 Details Russell, Scott Scott 1814, Wise 1856
Lewis 1816 Dec 18 Details Harrison, Randolph in State of West Virginia
Lincoln 1780 Jun 30 Details Kentucky in State of Kentucky
Logan 1824 Jan 12 Details Kanawha, Cabell, Giles in State of West Virginia
Loudoun 1757 May 17 Details Fairfax none
Louisa 1742 Jun 02 Details Hanover Albemarle 1744
Lower Norfolk 1637 Details New Norfolk Norfolk 1691, Princess Anne 1691
Lunenburg 1746 Apr 01 Details Brunswick Bedford 1753, Charlotte 1764, Halifax 1752, Mecklenburg 1764
Madison 1792 Dec 05 Details Culpeper none
Marion 1742 Jan 14 Details Harrison, Monongalia in State of West Virginia
Mason 1804 Jan 03 Details Kanawha in State of West Virginia
Mathews 1790 Dec 16 Details Gloucester none
MCDowell 1858 Feb 20 Details Tazewell in State of West Virginia
Mecklenburg 1764 Nov 27 Details Lunenburg none
Mercer (old) 1785 Dec 15 Details Lincoln in State of Kentucky
Mercer (new) 1837 Mar 17 Details Giles, Tazewell in State of West Virginia
Middlesex 1673 Details Lancaster none
Montgomery 1776 Dec 07 Details Fincastle, Botetourt, Pulaski Craig 1851, Floyd 1831, Giles 1806, Greenbrier 1778, Kanawha 1788, Pulaski 1839, Radford (city), Roanoke 1838, Wythe 1789, Washington 1776
Monongalia 1776 Nov 09 Details Augusta, Preston in State of West Virginia
Monroe 1799 Jan 15 Details Greenbrier, Botetourt in State of West Virginia
Morgan 1820 Feb 09 Details Berkeley, hampshire in State of West Virginia
Nansemond 1637 Details renamed from Upper Norfolk Nansemond (city), Southampton 1749
Nelson (old) 1785 Nov 29 Details Jefferson in State of Kentucky
Nelson (new) 1807 Dec 23 Details Amherst none
New Kent 1654 4 16 Details York, James City Hanover 1720, King and Queen 1691
New Norfolk 1636 Details Elizabeth City Lower Norfolk 1637, Upper Norfolk 1637
Nicholas 1818 Jan 30 Details Greenbrier, Kanawha, Randolph in State of West Virginia
Norfolk 1691 May 16 Details Lower Norfolk absorbed by Chesapeake 1963
Northampton 1634 4 16 Details Colonial lands Accomack 1661
Northumberland 1648 Details York Lancaster 1651, Westmoreland 1653
Nottoway 1788 Dec 23 Details Amelia none
Ohio 1776 Nov 06 Details Augusta, Yohogania in State of West Virginia
Orange 1734 Sep 20 Details Spotsylvania Augsuta 1738, Culpeper 1748, Frederick 1738, Greene 1838
Page 1831 Mar 30 Details Rockingham, Shenandoah none
Patrick 1790 Nov 26 Details Henry Carroll 1842, Franklin 1785, Grayson 1792
Pendleton 1787 Dec 04 Details Augusta, Bath, Hardy, Rockingham Highland 1847, (in state of West Virginia)
Pittsylvania 1766 Dec 15 Details Halifax Danville (city), Henry 1776
Pleasants 1851 Mar 29 Details Ritchie, Tyler, Wood in State of West Virginia
Pocahontas 1821 Dec 21 Details Pendleton, Randolph, Bath, Greenbrier in State of West Virginia
Powhatan 1777 Jun 03 Details Cumberland, Chesterfield none
Preston 1818 Jan 19 Details Monongalia, Randolph in State of West Virginia
Prince Edward 1753 Nov 17 Details Amelia Appomattox 1845
Prince George 1702 Aug 25 Details Charles City Amelia 1734, Brunswick 1720, Dinwiddie 1752, Hopewell (city)
Prince William 1730 Jun 17 Details King George, Stafford Fairfax 1742, Fauquier 1758
Princess Anne 1691 May 16 Details Lower Norfolk annexed to Virginia Beach (city)
Pulaski 1839 Mar 30 Details Montgomery, Wythe none
Putnam 1848 Mar 11 Details Kanawha, Mason, Cabell in State of West Virginia
Raleigh 1850 Jan 23 Details Fayette in State of West Virginia
Rappahannock (new) 1833 Feb 18 Details Culpepper none
Rappahannock (old) 1656 Details Lancaster dissolved to Essex 1694, Richmond 1692
Richmond 1692 Apr 26 Details old Rappahannock King George 1720
Ritchie 1843 Feb 18 Details Harrison, Lewis, Wood in State of West Virginia
Roane 1856 Mar 11 Details Kanawha, Jackson, Gilmer in State of West Virginia
Roanoke 1838 Mar 30 Details Botetourt, Montgomery Craig 1851, Roanoke (city), Salem (city)
Rockbridge 1778 Jan 12 Details Augusta, Botetourt Buena Vista (city), Lexington (city)
Rockingham 1778 Jan 12 Details Augusta Harrisonburg (city), Pendleton 1787
Russell 1786 Jan 06 Details Washington Dickenson1 880, Lee 1792, Buchanan 1858, Scott 1814, Tazewell 1799, Wise 1856
Scott 1814 Nov 24 Details Lee, Russell, Washington Wise 1856
Shenandoah 1778 Jan 12 Details renamed from Dunmore Page 1831, Warren 1836
Smyth 1832 Feb 23 Details Washington, Wythe none
Southampton 1749 Apr 20 Details Isle of Wight, Nansemond Franklin (city)
Spotsylvania 1720 Dec 17 Details Essex, King and Queen, King William Fredericksburg (city), Orange 1734
Stafford 1664 Details Westmoreland Prince William 1730
Surry 1652 2 16 Details James City Brunswick 1720, Sussex 1753
Sussex 1753 Nov 28 Details Surry Greensville 1780
Taylor 1844 Jan 19 Details Barbour, Harrison, Marion, Preston in State of West Virginia
Tazewell 1799 Dec 20 Details Russell, Wythe Bland 1861, Buchanan 1858, Giles 1861, McDowell 1858, Mercer 1837
Tucker 1856 Mar 07 Details Randolph in State of West Virginia
Tyler 1814 Dec 03 Details Ohio in State of West Virginia
Upper Norfolk 1637 7 16 Details New Norfolk renamed Nansemond 1637
Upshur 1851 Mar 27 Details Randolph, Barbour, Lewis in State of West Virginia
Warren 1836 Mar 09 Details Frederick, Shenandoah none
Warrosquoyacke 1634 Details Colonial lands renamed Isle of Wight 1634
Warwick 1642 Details renamed from Warwick River Warwick (city)
Washington 1776 Dec 07 Details Fincastle, Montgomery Bristol (city), Russell 1786, Scott 1814, Smyth 1832
Wayne 1842 Jan 18 Details Cabell in State of West Virginia
Webster 1860 Jan 10 Details Braxton, Nicholas, Randolph in State of West Virginia
Westmoreland 1653 Details Numberland, King George Stafford 1664
Wetzel 1846 Jan 10 Details Tyler in State of West Virginia
Wirt 1848 Jan 19 Details Wood, Jackson in State of West Virginia
Wise 1856 Feb 16 Details Lee, Russell, Scott Dickenson 1880, Norton (city)
Wood 1798 Dec 22 Details Harrison, Kanawha in State of West Virginia
Woodford 1788 Nov 12 Details Fayette in State of Kentucky
Wyoming 1850 Jan 26 Details Logan in State of West Virginia
Wythe 1789 Dec 01 Details Montgomery, Grayson Bland 1861, Grayson1 792, Giles 1806, Pulaski 1839, Smyth 1732, Tazewell 1799
Yohogania 1776 Nov 06 Details Augusta ceded to Pennsylvania 1786, small added to Ohio (West Virginia)
York 1634 Details Colonial lands Gloucester 1651, New Kent 1654, Lancaster 1654, Northumberland 1648

[[Category:United_States_County_Creation

Independent Cities

Name of Independent City Date Formed Parent County Notes:
Alexandria 1852 Arlington
Barton Heights 1896-1914 Henrico annexed by Richmond 1914
Bedford 1968 Bedford
Bristol 1890 Washington part of city in Sullivan Co., Tennessee
Buena Vista 1892 Rockbridge
Charlottesville 1888 Albermarle doubles as county seat
Chesapeake 1963 Norfolk portion transferred to Portsmouth 1968
Clifton Forge 1906 Alleghany dissolved, reincorporated as a town 2001
Colonial Heights 1948 Chesterfield
Covington 1952 Alleghany
Danville 1890 Pittsylvania absorbed North Danville (aka Neapolis) 1896
Emporia 1967 Greensville doubles as county seat
Fairfax 1961 Fairfax doubles as county seat
Falls Church 1948 Fairfax
Franklin Southampton formerly Southampton
Fredericksburg 1879 Spotsylvania
Galax 1954 Carroll, Grayson formerly Bonaparte
Hampton 1908 Elizabeth City (County) absorbed Phoebus and Elizabeth City County 1952
Harrisonburg 1849 Rockingham doubles as county seat
Hopewell 1916 Prince George City Point until 1913
Lexington 1778 Rockbridge doubles as county seat
Lynchburg 1852 Campbell
Manassas 1975 Prince William
Manassas Park 1975 Prince William
Manchester 1874-1910 Chesterfield merged with City of Richmond
Martinsville 1940 Henry doubles as county seat
Nansemond 1972-1974 Nansemond merged with City of Suffolk
Newport News 1896 Warwick annexed Warwick
Norfolk 1845 Norfolk annexed Berkeley 1906
Norton 1954 Wise formerly Prince’s Flat
Petersburg 1850 Dinwiddie
Poquoson 1970 York
Portsmouth 1858 Norfolk annexed portion of Chesapeake 1968
Radford 1887 Pulaski formerly Central
Richmond 1842 Henrico doubles as county seat
Roanoke 1884 Roanoke formerly Big Lick
Salem 1968 Roaoke doubles as county seat
South Boston 1960-1998 Halifax reverted to town
South Norfolk 1919-present Norfolk absorbed Norfolk County, renamed Chesapeake 1963
Staunton 1871 Augusta
Suffolk 1910 Nansemond merged with county to enlarge City of Suffolk 1974
Virginia Beach 1952 Princess Anne absorbed Princess Anne County 1963
Warwick 1952-1958 Warwick consolidated into Newport News
Waynesboro 1948 Augusta formerly Teesville until after the Revolutionary War
Williamsburg 1884 James City and York
Winchester 1874 Frederick

Sources

References

  1. [http://historical-county.newberry.org/website/Virginia/viewer.htm Virginia Atlas of Historical County Boundaries, John H. Long, Editor; Peggy Tuck Sinko, Associate Editor; Gordon DenBoer, Historical Compiler; Douglas Knox, Book Digitizing Director and Digital Compiler; Emily Kelley, Research Associate; Laura Rico-Beck, GIS Specialist; Peter Siczewicz, ArcIMS Interactive Map Designer; Robert Will, Cartographic Assistant. Copyright The Newberry Library 2008.