History of Westfield
The original Indian name for Westfield was Woronoco which means "it is fat hunting". In 1639-1640 trading houses were established in Woronoco by parties from Connecticut who attempted to claim the land for Connecticut, however a survey determined that it should be a part of Springfield, Massachusetts. The earliest records of the town show that the first grant of land was awarded to Ensign Thomas Cooper on the 4th of December, 1658. In December of 1667 and early 1668 the early land grants were approved for the early settlers upon the condition that they settled with their families there no later than November 10, 1668.
In Boston, on May 19th, 1669, Westfield became a town officially. Below is a quote from the records.
At a General Court of Election, held at Boston, 19th of May, 1669. "There being a motion made to this Court in behalfe of the inhabitants at Woronoke, belonging to Springfield, that they may be a township of themselves, Springfield being willing thereto, as appears pr copy of an order of that towne, under their record's hand, wth remajnes on file, this Court judeth it meete to grant them to be a township, and allows them, according as other townes all priviledges, and that the said towne be called Westfield."
First English Land Grants
The earliest grants of land were given to George Phelps, Isaac Phelps, Thomas Noble, David Ashley, Rev. John Holyoke, the minister, John Ponder, and Hugh Dudley on Fort side (Main street); Capt. Aaron Cook, Mr. James Cornish, Thomas Dewey, John Osborn, and John Ingersoll on South side (Little River street).
Mechanic Street Cemetery (aka Old Burying Grounds)
Middle Farms Cemetery
Old Burying Gounds (aka Mechanic Street Cemetery)
Old Mundale Cemetery
Owen District Cemetery
Pine Hill Cemetery
Westfield Athenaeum: Collections of Photographs, documents and various collections pertaining to Westfield. Click on "Brouse Collections to view them.
- A sermon commemorative of the two-hundredth anniversary of the First Congregational church of Westfield, Mass. / delivered by the pastor, Rev. John H. Lockwood (Google Books)
- An Authentic History of Westfield, Massachusetts By Louis M. Dewey
- A historical sketch of Westfield. By Emerson Davis (Internet Archive.org)
- Westfield and its historic influences, 1669-1919; the life of an early town, with a survey of events in New England and bordering regions to which it was related in colonial and revolutionary times, by Rev. John H. Lockwood (Google Books link)
- Catskill Road from Springfield, Massachusetts to Catskill, New York 1750s
- Hampden and Berkshire Turnpike from near Springfield, MA to the Becket Turnpike at Becket, MA; toll booths open from 1829 to 1852; now I-90.
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. WorldCat entry; FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
- Frederic J. Wood, "The Hampden and Berkshire Turnpike" in The Turnpikes of New England and the Evolution of the Same Through England, Virginia, and Maryland (Boston: Marshall Jones, 1919), 203-205. Internet Archive version online.