10th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry

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Brief History

The 10th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry was organized in August 1861 for twelve months, but some of the companies appear to have been disbanded and others were added at various times until the regiment was finally composed of twelve companies. It was reorganized for the war in May 1862 and temporarily consolidated with the 19th Regiment South Carolina Infantry (September 1863 to April 1864). This regiment formed six companies of the consolidated organization but each company of the original regiments was mustered separately. The 10th and the 19th Regiments, South Carolina Infantry were again consolidated about April 10, 1865, and formed the Walker's Battalion, South Carolina Infantry. The unit served with the Army of Tennessee and surrendered on April 26, 1865.[1][2][3][4]

See also 19th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry and Walker's Battalion, South Carolina Infantry.

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in  a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.  However if you are unsure which company your ancestor  was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

Company names, nicknames, county of origin and rosters found on Steve Batson's website and Horry County Historical Society website. Also see "Other Source Material" below.

Other Sources

  • Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book, Units of the Confederate States Army as their main source for the regiment history.FHL book 973 M2crua, WorldCat.
  • "South Carolina 10th Infantry Regiment". The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources an Internet site, accessed 12/22/2010.  Lists a brief regiment history and Company Rosters for H and K.
  • "Tenth South Carolina Infantry Regiment". South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States, Steve Batson’s Internet site, accessed 12/27/2010. This Internet site lists officers of the regiment and companies; and battles the regiment was involved in. The site gives the county of organization and nicknames listed.
  • "South Carolina Tenth Regiment". Horry County Historical Society, Internet site, accessed 12/27/2010. Gives a chronology of battles, rosters of companies and officers.
  • "John Gourdin Gaillard papers". University of South Carolina Digital Manuscript.  Internet site, accessed 12/27/2010.  Gives some account of John G. Gaillard's involvement with the 10th South Carolina Infantry Regiment.
  • "10th South Carolina Infantry". Military History Online. Internet site, accesed 12/28/2010. Descendants of men who served in this regiment can submit their ancestors name to this database (partial roster). Gives brief information about the soldier and contact information for the descendant.
  • "10th Regiment South Carolina Volunteer Infantry".  Internet site, accessed 12/28/2010.  Gives a  brief history of the regiment and a roster for Company A.
  • Chapman, John A. History of Edgefield County from the earliest settlements to 1897.Microreproduction of original published: Newberry, South Carolina : E. H. Aull, 1897. 521, vi p. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1958 . Gives a brief account of this regiment.Google Books. FHL Film 162293
  • 10th Regiment Infantry, from The Flags of Civil War South Carolina by Glenn Dedmondt, p 96-98. Google Books, accessed 12/28/2010. Gives a brief history of the regiment and shows the regiment flag. Located at these Libraries.
  • Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 & 65. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. There are 12 Companies (A-I, K-M) listed. Available at these libraries: Worldcat.
  • Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina : The History Press, c2008, 85-104. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 1. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries
  • Tolar, J. R., ed. Brief history of Company B Tenth Regiment South Carolina Volunteers Confederate States Army. Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990. Includes a description of battle activities and a roster. FHL Fiche 6082637 (1 fiche).
  • Walker, Cornelius I. Rolls and historical sketch of the tenth regiment, So. Ca. volunteers, in the Army of the Confederate States. Microfiche of original published: Charleston : Walker, Evans, & Cogswell, printers, 1881. 138 p. Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990. FHL Book 975.7 M2w 1985, FHL Fiche 6082638 (2 fiche).
  • Walker, C. I. Rolls and Historical Sketch of the Tenth Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers. Charleston, South Carolina: Walker, Evans and Cogswell, Printers, 1881.  Digital Copies at Google Books and Internet Archives. Book found atFHL 975.7 M2w 1985 and Other Libraries.
  • Walker, C. I. An historical sketch of the Georgetown Rifle Guards and as Co. A of the Tenth Regiment, So. Ca. Volunteers. Additional authors, Solomon Emaanuel and Jim D Moody. Microfiche of original published: [S.l. : s.n., 1909?]. 32 p. Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990. FHL Fiche 6082636 (1 fiche).
  • Manigault, Arthur Middleton and R. Lockwood Tower. A Carolinian goes to war : the Civil War narrative of Arthur Middleton Manigault, Brigadier General, C.S.A. (Columbia, S.C. : Published for the Charleston Library Society by the University of South Carolina Press, ©1983), 344 pages. Includes indexes. Available at WorldCat Libraries.


  1. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina, microfilm publication M267. (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958). These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription ($) website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
  2. Joseph H. Crute. Units of the Confederate States Army. (Midlothian, Virginia : Derwent Books, c1987).FHL book 973 M2crua. Information available at: National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 4 January 2011).
  3. "South Carolina 10th Infantry Regiment". The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources an Internet site, accessed 12/22/2010. Lists a brief regiment history and Company Rosters for H and K.
  4. Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), p??.FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 1. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.