10th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
The 10th Virginia Infantry Regiment had its origins in volunteer militia companies organized in the late 1850's in Rockingham County. Eleven companies made up the Tenth Virginia. Seven companies were drawn from Rockingham County, two from Shenandoah County, one from Page and one from Madison County. A total of about 1,350 men in all served in the Tenth during the time when the regiment was under arms. As part of the Army of Northern Virginia, the regiment saw action in every major engagement that was fought in Virginia, Maryland (except Sharpsburg) and Pennsylvania.Of the 276 engaged at Gettysburg more than twenty-five percent were disabled. On April 9, 1865, it surrendered with 2 officers and 43 men. The field officers wer Colonels Simeon B. Gibbons and Edward T.H. Warren, Lieutenant Colonels Dorilas H.L. Martz and Samuel T. Walker, and Majors Isaac G. Coffman and Joshua Stover. 
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first. See FHL book 975.5 M2vr v.55 for a complete muster roster for this Regiment.
Company C ( 2nd) (Mauck's Company) - many men from Rockingham County
Company D (Bridgewater Greys) - many men from Rockingham County
Company E (Peaked Mt. Grays) - many men from Rockingham County
Company F (Muhlenburg Rifles) - many men from Shenandoah County
Company G (Valley Guards) - many men from Rockingham County;
Company H (Chrisman's Infantry) - many men from Rockingham County
Company K ( Page Volunteers) - many men from Page County
Company L ( Jeff Davis Guards) - many men from Madison County
The above information is from 10th Virginia Infantry, by Terrence V. Murphy
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in Virginia in the Civil War and United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 (see below).
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- Virginia in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Virginia, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- Murphy, Terrence V. 10th Virginia Infantry. (Lynchburg, Virginia : H.E. Howard, c1989), FHL book 975.5 M2vr v. 55.
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, (accessed 6 December 2010).