12th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry
In June 1861 a call went out for more men to enlist. By July 1861, several unites were organized, one being the 12th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (or Volunteers). They were at organized near Lightwood Knot Springs, north of Columbia. The men had enlisted for the duration of the war so when there was a reorganization in the spring of 1862, the 12th Regiment was not affected. The unit surrendered with Gregg's Brigade on April 9, 1865 at Appomattox, Virgiia. .
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
- A Company - (also known as the Palmer Guards and the Bonham Rifle Volunteers) - many men from York Distrist (County)(Yorkville area), a few men from Union District (County)
- B Company (also known as the Campbell Rifles) - many men from York District (County)
- C Company (also known as the Cedar Creek Rifles) - many men from Fairfield District (County)
- D Company (also known as the Richland Guards) - many men from Richland (Columbia) District (County), a few men from Fairfield, Chester, Lexington and Charleston Districts (Counties)
- E Company - (also known as Blair Guards) many men from Lancaster District (County)
- F Company (also known as the Means Light Infantry, Long Run Company and possibly the Monticello Guards) - many men from Fairfield District (County)(Long Run area)
- G Company (also known as the Bonham Rifles Volunteers and the Bonham Rifles) - many men from Pickens District (County)
- H Company (also known as the Indian Land Guards) - many men from York District (County)(Rock Hill and Yorkville areas)
- I Company - (also known as the Lancaster Hornets) many men from Lancaster District (County)
- K Company - (also known as the Grisham Rifles and the McDowell Boys) many men from Pickens District (County)
- Lancaster Guards Company - Lancaster District (County)
Information about the companies, their nicknames and counties of origin is talen from Seigler's and Boyles books.
- Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book, Units of the Confederate States Army, as their main source for the regiment history. Family History Library book 973 M2crua, FHL Collection, WorldCat.
- Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls).
- Boyles, J.R. Reminiscences of the Civil War. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990). Includes a description of activities of the 12th South Carolina Infantry Regiment (Confederate) in the following battles or localities: Mechanicsville, Va.; Gaines Mill, Va.; White Oak Swamp, Va.; Chancellorsville, Va.; Gettysburg, Pa.; POW--David's Island, N.Y.; POW--Johnson's Island, Ohio; POW--Point Lookout, Md. Available at the Family History Library FHL US/CAN Fiche 6082639. Other Libraries, (accessed 15 Apr 2011).
- McCrady, Edward. Gregg's Brigade of South Carolinians in the Second Battle of Manassas : an address before the survivors of the Twelfth Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, at Walhalla, South Carolina, August 21, 1884 (Richmond : W.E. Jones, Book and Job Printer, 1885), 40 pages. Microfiche at FHL 6082640 and copy at Other Libraries.
- Caldwell, James F. J. The history of a brigade of South Carolinians, known first as Gregg's brigade and subsequently as McGowan's brigade. Microfiche of original published: Philadelphia : King & Baird, Printers, 1866. 247 p., Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990. Google Books, FHL film 1421970 Item 4, FHL fiche 6082619 (3 fiche). The regiments which composed Gregg's Brigade of South Carolina Infantry, as it was commonly known, and which always composed McGowan's Brigade, were the following: the First South Carolina Volunteers, the Twelfth South Carolina Volunteers, the Thirteenth South Carolina Volunteers, the Fourteenth South Carolina Volunteers, and Orr's regiment of rifles, also from South Carolina.
- Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 3, p 143-154. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.
- 12th South Carolina Volunteers, (accessed 13 Apr 2011).