1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (6 months, 1861)
United States U.S. Military South Carolina South Carolina Military South Carolina in the Civil War South Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 1st through 4th 1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (6 months, 1861)
1st Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, "Gregg's First"
Field Officers: Colonel Maxcy Gregg; Lieutenant Colonel A.H. Gladden; Lieutenant Major D.H. Hamilton; Major Aug. M. Smith.
Constituted on 1 January 1861 by order of Governor Francis W. Pickens; assembled 1 February 1861 in Charleston; raised for an enlistment of six (6) months; joined units already in place on Sullivans and Morris Islands; sent to Richmond in April after being reorganized; enlistment terms ended in early July; regiment withdrawn to Richmond and reorganized; not present at First Manassas .
1st Infantry Regiment, Provisional Army completed its organization at Richmond, Virginia, in August, 1861. Most of the officers and men had served in the 1st South Carolina Volunteers, a six-month command, which was mustered out of service in late July.
Joseph H. Crute, Jr.'s book, "Units of the Confederate States Army", contains no history for this unit. This regiment most likely transferred into another regiment or was combined with another regiment to create a new regiment, or is another name for an existing regiment. Looking at the service records of the soldiers may give clues to the different regiments they may have served in.
Some service records (as found on Footnote, First Infantry- 6 months, 1861) indicate that soldiers from this unit went into other units. Possible units may be 1st Regiment South Carolina Infantry, McCreary's 1st Regiment South Carolina Infantry, and 15th Regiment South Carolina Infantry.
Companies in this Regiment With County of Origin
At the time of reorganization, companies in this 6 month Regiment of service were transferred to different regiments.
- William Spires' Company (also known as Hamburg Volunteers)
- Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book, Units of the Confederate States Army, as their main source for the regiment history. Family History Library book 973 M2crua, FHL Collection, WorldCat.
- Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). See the service records of soldiers in the regiment of First (McCreary's) Infantry (First Provisional Army) for some details of this 6 month Regiment.
- Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 & 65. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. There are 15 Companies (A-I, K-O) listed.
- 1st Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, (accessed 12 Apr 2011).