1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Butler's) (1st Regulars)
Butler's 1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry was also known as the 3rd Heavy Artillery Regiment and 1st Regulars or Enlisted Men. The men were recruited in Charleston, Columbia, and Cheraw, and the counties of Greenville, Lancaster, Chesterfield, and Anderson. This regiment first served in the Army of the State of South Carolina with ten companies but it was accepted into the service of the Confederate States in May, 1861, with only eight companies, A to H. Companies I and K were added early in 1862. Although called an infantry regiment it acted as artillery and in May, 1863 was designated the 3rd Regiment South Carolina Artillery, but this designation was not confirmed although the regiment continued to serve as artillery. This regiment surrendered with Johnston's forces at Durham Station on April 26,1865.
Companies in this Regiment with County of Origin
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
In 1862 there was a reorganization of many military units which affected these companies. See Steve Batson's internet site: "South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States", South Carolina Artillery-Third Artillery Regiment-First S.C. Regulars for futher information about these companies and their reorganization into other companies and military units. This website also lists officers of the regiment and companies; and battles the regiment was involved in.
- Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment.
- SC 1st Infantry Regiment Butler's from The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources, accessed 11/15/2010.
- Historical Survey on the First South Carolina Infantry (Regulars), by John Christiansen