1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Butler's) (1st Regulars)
United States U.S. Military South Carolina South Carolina Military South Carolina in the Civil War South Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 1st through 4th 1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Butler's) (1st Regulars)
The 1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry was also known as Butler's 1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry, 1st South Carolina Infantry Regulars, 1st Regulars or Enlisted Men and several variations of those names. This regiment first served in the Army of the State of South Carolina with ten companies but it was accepted into the service of the Confederate States in May, 1861, with only eight companies, A to H. Companies I and K were added early in 1862. Although called an infantry regiment it acted as artillery. In May 1863, the 1st Regiment was designated the 3rd Regiment South Carolina Artillery or 3rd Heavy Artillery Regiment, but this designation was not confirmed although the regiment continued to serve as artillery. This regiment surrendered with Johnston's forces at Durham Station on April 26,1865.
Companies in this Regiment with County of Origin
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
The men were recruited in Charleston, Columbia, and Cheraw, and the counties of Greenville, Lancaster, Chesterfield, and Anderson.
In 1862 there was a reorganization of many military units which affected these companies. See Steve Batson's internet site: "South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States", South Carolina Artillery-Third Artillery Regiment-First S.C. Regulars for further information about these companies and their reorganization into other companies and military units. This website also lists officers of the regiment and companies; and battles the regiment was involved in.
- Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book, Units of the Confederate States Army, as their main source for the regiment history. Family History Library book 973 M2crua, FHL Collection, WorldCat.
- Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls).
- Historical Survey on the First South Carolina Infantry (Regulars), by John Christiansen. SouthernGuard.org Internet site, accessed 12/02/2010.
- SC 1st Infantry Regiment Butler's from The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources, accessed 11/15/2010.
- Historical Survey on the First South Carolina Infantry (Regulars), by John Christiansen. Southern Guard.org Internet site, accessed 12/02/2010.
- "South Carolina Artillery-Third Artillery Regiment-First S.C. Regulars". South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States, Internet site, accessed 12/02/2010. This website also lists officers of the regiment and companies; and battles the regiment was involved in.
- Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. (Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001). FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 & 65. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. There are 10 Companies (A-I, K) listed.
- Lynch, Harriet Powe, ed. Reminiscences & Sketches of Confederate times. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990). Google Books, FHL Collection, fiche 6082625 (1 fiche).
- Salley, Alexander Samuel. South Carolina Troops in Confederate Service, Vol 1 (The State Co., Columbia, SC 1913), 783 pages. Volume 1 covers the 3 regiments known as the First Infantry Regiment (Butler's, Gregg's, Hagood's). It includes brief regimental histories, rosters of the various companies, and compiled service records of the members. A total of 4,542 men are detailed. Digital Copy at Google.com
- Brooks, Ulysses Robert. Butler and his Cavalry in the War of Secession, 1861-1865 (publisher:"Columbia, S.C., The State Co"1909), 591 pages. Digital copies at google.com and Internet Archive. Book at WorldCat.org