3rd Battalion, Mississippi Infantry

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United States   Gotoarrow.png   U.S. Military   Gotoarrow.png   Mississippi   Gotoarrow.png   Mississippi Military   Gotoarrow.png   Mississippi in the Civil War   Gotoarrow.png   3rd Battalion, Mississippi Infantry

Brief History

3rd (Williams') Infantry Battalion, formerly the 45th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry, was organized in July, 1864 with five companies. Surrendered on April 26, 1865. The field officers were Lieutenant Colonel John D. Williams and Major Elisha F. Nunn.
Predecessor units:
45th Infantry Regiment was formed during the late summer of 1862 by redesignating Hardcastle's 33rd Mississippi Infantry Regiment. For a time it was consolidated with the 32nd Regiment. On July 14, 1864, it was consolidated into five companies and became known as the 3rd (Williams') Mississippi Infantry Battalion. Colonel Aaron B. Hardcastle, Lieutenant Colonel Richard Charlton, and Major Elisha F. Nunn were in command.

33rd (Hardcastle's) Infantry Regiment [including the 3rd (Hardcastle's) Mississippi Infantry Battalion] was organized during the late spring of 1862. Later it was redesignated the 45th Mississippi Infantry Regiment. Colonel Aaron B. Hardcastle, Lieutenant Colonel Richard Charlton, and Major Theodore A. Jones were in command.

Regiment Companies with the County of Origin

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.


3rd Bn. Mississippi Infantry Internet site has a battalion roster arranged alphabetically within each company. This includes companies H and I of the 45th regiment shown below.

Company A - Duncan Riflemen (raised in Simpson County)
Company B - Insurgents (raised in Itawamba County)  additional Roster with details
Company C - Raymond Minute Men (raised in Hinds County)
Company D - Choctaw Rough & Ready Company (raised in Choctaw County)
Company E - McNair Rifles, aka Pike County Rifles (raised in Pike County)
Company F - Tippah Highlanders (raised in Tippah County)
Company G - Mississippi Volunteers (raised in Pontotoc County)
Company K [sic] - Capt. Charlton’s Independent Company (raised in Hinds County)

The 45th Regiment Infantry was made up of the companies of the 3rd Battalion listed above in addition to companies H and I below:

Company H - Capt. Roberts’ Company [27th Alabama Infantry] (raised in Alabama)
Company I - Capt. Wright’s Company [27th Alabama Infantry] (raised in Alabama)

Source Material

  • Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment.

  • Rowland, Dunbar, Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898: taken from the Official and statistical register of the State of Mississippi, 1908 (Spartanburg, South Carolina: Reprint Company).

  • Howell, H. Grady, For Dixie Land, I’ll Take My Stand!: A Muster Listing of All Known Mississippi Confederate Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines (Chickasaw Bayou Press, 1998).