4th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry
4th Infantry Regiment was organized at Grenada, Mississippi in April, 1861. Many of its members were recruited in Attala, Grenada, Lafayette, and Carroll counties. It moved to Tennessee where a detachment was captured at Fort Henry and the regiment at Fort Donelson. After being exchanged, the unit was assigned to S.D. Lee's and Baldwin's Brigade, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. It was captured at Vicksburg. Again exchanged, it was attached to General Baldwin's and Sears' Brigade. Few surrendered in May, 1865. The field officers were Colonels Thomas N. Adaire, Joseph Drake, and Pierre S. Layton; Lieutenant Colonel Joseph J. Gee, and Major Thomas P. Nelson.
- The 4th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry Internet site has a longer history taken from Dunbar Rowland's Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898.
Regiment Companies with the County of Origin
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
Company A - Bankston Guards (raised in Choctaw County)
Company B - Attala Yellow Jackets (raised in Attala County) see Roster
Company C - Red Invincibles (raised in Carroll & Holmes Counties)
Company D - Paris Rebels (raised in Lafayette County)
Company E - Stephens Guards (raised in Carroll County)
Company F - Sons of the South (raised in Calhoun County) see Roster
Company G - Nelson Grays (raised in Holmes County)
Company H - Carroll County Rebels (raised in Carroll County)
Company I - Benela Sharpshooters (raised in Calhoun County)
Company K - Center Marksmen (raised in Attala County)
- Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment.
- Rowland, Dunbar, Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898: taken from the Official and statistical register of the State of Mississippi, 1908 (Spartanburg, South Carolina: Reprint Company).
- Howell, H. Grady, For Dixie Land, I’ll Take My Stand!: A Muster Listing of All Known Mississippi Confederate Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines (Chickasaw Bayou Press, 1998).