5th Battalion, South Carolina Rifles
The 5th Battalion, South Carolina Rifles was also known as Moore's Battalion of Rifles. It was also called the 1st Regiment, South Carolina Rifles under the leadership of James L. Orr. By May 1861, James L. Orr and his brother-in-law, Jehu Foster Marshall, were both trying to raise a regiments. Niether men could get enough soldiers to form a regiment so they combined their men and created the 5th Battalion, South Carolina Rifles. The battalion was mustered into State service in July 1861. In April 1862 this military unit was reorgaized into the 2nd Regiment, South Carolina Rifles (also called Moore's Rifles).
Joseph H. Crute, Jr.'s book, "Units of the Confederate States Army", contains no history for this unit.
Counties of Origin
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
- Company A - Abbeville District (County), a few men from Laurens and Newberry Districts (Counties)
- Company B - Pickens District (County and Oconee County)
- Company C - Pickens District (a part of Oconee County)
- Company D - Anderson or Pickens District (County)
- Company E - Pickens District (County)
- Company F - Anderson and Abbeville Districts (Counties), a few from Laurens District (County)
- Company G
Information on companies and counties of origin is taken from Seigler's book.
Other Source Material
- Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book, Units of the Confederate States Army as their main source for the regiment history.FHL book 973 M2crua, WorldCat.
- Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
- Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.
- Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 3, p 139-142. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.
- Joseph H. Crute. Units of the Confederate States Army. (Midlothian, Virginia : Derwent Books, c1987).FHL book 973 M2crua. Information available at: National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System.