7th Battalion, South Carolina Infantry (Nelson's) (Enfield Rifles)
United States U.S. Military South Carolina South Carolina Military South Carolina in the Civil War South Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 5th through 14th 7th Battalion, South Carolina Infantry (Nelson's) (Enfield Rifles)
The 7th Infantry Battalion (also called Nelson's and Enfield Rifles) was organized in February 22, 1862,with five companies, A to E. Companies F and G were formed Mary 27, 1862, of men transferred from other companies of the battalion. Company H, which had been organized July 14, 1862 was an independent infantry company of Partisan Rangers, was assigned October 14, 1862. On April 26, 1865, it surrendered.
Joseph H. Crute, Jr.'s book, "Units of the Confederate States Army", contains no history for this unit.
Companies in this Battalion with the Counties of Origin
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
- Company A (also known as Washington Mounted Artillery) - Kershaw District (County), Chesterfield District (County), and Lancaster District (County)
- Company B (also known as Lyles' Rifles) - Fairfield District (County)
- Company C (McCulloch Rifles) - Richland District (County)
- Company D (also known as Kershaw Grays) - Kershaw District (County)
- Company E - Kershaw District (County), Sumter District (County), Richland District (County), Clarendon District (County), Barnwell District (County), Edgefield District (County), Fairfield District (County), Colleton District (County), Lexington District (County), Chesterfield District (County), and Orangeburg District (County).
- Company F - Chesterfield District (County) and Lancaster District (County)
- Company G - Kersahw District (County), Fairfield District (County), Richland District (County), Lancaster District (County), Chesterfield District (County), and Chester District (County)
- Company H - (also known as Brooks Infantry Partisan Rangers) - Edgefield District (County), Fairfield District (County), Chester District (County), Richland District (County), Abbeville District (County), Greeneville District (County), and Newberry District (County)
- Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book, Units of the Confederate States Army as their main source for the regiment history.FHL book 973 M2crua, WorldCat.
- Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
- South Carolina Infantry Battalions - Seventh Battalion of Enfield Rifles (Nelson's or Rion's Battalion). South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States, Steve Batson’s Internet site, accessed 12/16/2010. This website also lists officers of the regiment and companies; and battles the regiment was involved in. The site gives the county of organization and nicknames listed.
- Dickert, Augustus D. History of Kershaw's Brigade. Newberry: Elbert H Aull Company, 1899. This book as a complete roll of Companies, biographical sketches, and other information. Google Books. Family History Library book 975.7 M2d 1976, FHL Collection and FHL Collection,fiche 6082618 (7 fiche).
- Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 & 65. Lists officers, companies, and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. There are 8 Companies (A-H) listed. Available at these libraries: Worldcat.
- Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 2. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.