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=== ABBREVIATION TABLE FOR MEYERS<br>ORTS UND VERKEHRSLEXIKON<br>Ref 943 E5mo  ===
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#REDIRECT [[Abbreviation Table for Meyers Orts und Verkehrs Lexikon Des Deutschen Reichs]]
 
 
{| class="prettytable"
 
|-
 
| <center>'''Abbreviation'''</center>
 
| <center>'''German'''</center>
 
| <center>'''English Translation'''</center>
 
<br>
 
 
 
|-
 
| A
 
| Amt (Amtsbezirk)
 
| Government office, official district
 
|-
 
| Ab.(e.)
 
| Abbau(e) order Ausbau(e)
 
| Surface mine (the “e“ denotes plural)
 
|-
 
| Abt.
 
| Abteilung
 
| Department
 
|-
 
| a/d
 
| An der, auf der
 
| At the, on the, like “Cologne on the Rhine”
 
|-
 
| Ag., …ag.
 
| Agentur, …agentur
 
| Agency, …agency (as part of a word)
 
|-
 
| AG
 
| Amtsgericht
 
| Lower court, county court
 
|-
 
| AH
 
| Amtshauptmannschaft
 
| Government district
 
|-
 
| AK
 
| Armeekorps
 
| Army corps
 
|-
 
| AktGes.
 
| Aktiengesellschaft
 
| Corporation (an “Aktie”=a share of stock)
 
|-
 
| ä.L.
 
| Ältere Linie
 
| Older line
 
|-
 
| AllGut
 
| Allodialgut
 
| Allodial estate
 
|-
 
| Anh.
 
| Anhalt
 
| Former duchy
 
|-
 
| Ansdl.
 
| Ansiedlung
 
| Settlement
 
|-
 
| Anst., …anst.
 
| Anstalt, …anstalt
 
| Institute, institution (also as part of a word)
 
|-
 
| Arb.
 
| Arbeiter
 
| Laborer, worker
 
|-
 
| Art.
 
| Artillerie
 
| Artillery
 
|-
 
| Ausg.
 
| Ausgaben
 
| Expenditures
 
|-
 
| B.
 
| Bezirk
 
| District or area
 
|-
 
| BA.
 
| Bezirksamt
 
| District office
 
|-
 
| Bat.
 
| Bataillon
 
| Battalion
 
|-
 
| Batt.
 
| Batterie
 
| Battery
 
|-
 
| Bay.
 
| Bayern
 
| Bavaria
 
|-
 
| Bgd., …bgb.
 
| Bergbau, …bergbau
 
| Mine, mining, also with other word …salt, coal, etc.
 
|-
 
| BGrem.
 
| Bezirksgremium
 
| District council
 
|-
 
| Bgw.
 
| Bergwerk
 
| Mine
 
|-
 
| Bhf.
 
| Bahnhof
 
| Railroad station
 
|-
 
| Bibl.
 
| Bibliothek
 
| Library
 
|-
 
| Bk.
 
| Bank
 
| Bank (financial institution)
 
|-
 
| BRdo.
 
| Bezirkskommando
 
| District command (military)
 
|-
 
| Bn., …bn.
 
| Bahn, …bahn
 
| Railroad (train)
 
|-
 
| Brandbg.
 
| Brandenburg
 
| Former province of Prussia
 
|-
 
| Braunschw.
 
| Braunschweig
 
| Former duchy
 
|-
 
| …bre.
 
| …brüche
 
| Quarries, pits
 
|-
 
| Brgm.
 
| Bürgermeister (ei)
 
| Burgermaster, mayor – office of the mayor
 
|-
 
| Brig.
 
| Brigade
 
| Brigade
 
|-
 
| Bsch.
 
| Bauerschaft
 
| Homestead
 
|-
 
| Bz.
 
| Beziehungsweise
 
| Or, respective
 
|-
 
| D
 
| Dampfer-oder Motorbootverbindung
 
| Steamer or motor boat connection
 
|-
 
| SD
 
| “in der Saison, Sommer
 
| Same as above, only during the summer season
 
|-
 
| das.
 
| daselbst
 
| There, at the previously mentioned place
 
|-
 
| D., Dr.
 
| Dorf, Dörfer
 
| Village, villages
 
|-
 
| Dir. (…dir.)
 
| Direktion (…direktion)
 
| Management, head office, office of the director
 
|-
 
| Drl.
 
| Darlehen
 
| Loan
 
|-
 
| Dom.
 
| Domäne, Dominium, Domanial
 
| State-owned estate
 
|-
 
| dsgl.
 
| Desgleichen
 
| The same or pertaining to the immediately preceding
 
|-
 
| ...dt.
 
| …Distrikt
 
| …district
 
|-
 
| E
 
| Eisenbahnstation oder Haltestelle
 
| Railroad station or stop
 
|-
 
| E
 
| - mit Personen-und Güterverkehr
 
| - with passenger and goods traffic
 
|-
 
| EGt
 
| - mit Bahntelegraph
 
| - with telegraph
 
|-
 
| EGt
 
| - nur mit Güterbeförderung
 
| - only with transportation of goods
 
|-
 
| EPs
 
| - nur mit Personenverkehr
 
| - only with passenger traffic
 
|-
 
| E†
 
| - mit Eisenbahnauskunftsstelle
 
| - with railroad information desk
 
|-
 
| E.
 
| Einwohner
 
| Population
 
|-
 
| Ein.
 
| Einöde
 
| Wilderness, lonely spot
 
|-
 
| Einn., einn.
 
| Einnahme oder einnehmerei
 
| Clerk’s (usually tax) office
 
|-
 
| Eis.
 
| Eisenbahn
 
| Train
 
|-
 
| Elktr.
 
| Ort hat Elektrizitätsquelle
 
| Place has electric power source
 
|-
 
| Elktrw.
 
| Elektrizitätswerk
 
| Power plant
 
|-
 
| Els.
 
| Elsaß
 
| Alsace
 
|-
 
| Esk.
 
| Eskadron
 
| Squadron
 
|-
 
| Etabl.
 
| Etablissement
 
| Establishment
 
|-
 
| Ev., Ev.
 
| Evangelisch, Evangelische
 
| Evangelical (in Germany usually Lutheran)
 
|-
 
| F
 
| Fernsprecher
 
| Telephone
 
|-
 
| F
 
| Fernsprecher und Telegraph
 
| Telephone and telegraph
 
|-
 
| Fbr., fbr.
 
| Fabrik, fabrikation
 
| Factory, manufacturing plant
 
|-
 
| Fil.
 
| Filiale
 
| Branch
 
|-
 
| Fl.
 
| Flecken
 
| Country-town
 
|-
 
| Först.
 
| Försterei
 
| Forest ranger station (residence)
 
|-
 
| fr.
 
| Früher
 
| Formerly
 
|-
 
| Frht.
 
| Freiheit
 
| Market-town (country-town)
 
|-
 
| Fürstt.
 
| Fürstentum
 
| Principality
 
|-
 
| G.
 
| Gericht
 
| Court
 
|-
 
| Garn.
 
| Garnison
 
| Garrison
 
|-
 
| GB.
 
| Gerichtsbezirk
 
| Court district
 
|-
 
| Gef.
 
| Gefängnis
 
| Jail
 
|-
 
| geh.
 
| Gehörig
 
| Belonging (to)
 
|-
 
| Gem.
 
| Gemeinde
 
| Community (village)
 
|-
 
| Gen.
 
| General…
 
| General
 
|-
 
| Genoss.
 
| Genossenschaft
 
| Cooperative
 
|-
 
| Ges.
 
| Gesellschaft
 
| Society
 
|-
 
| Gew., gew.
 
| Gewerbe, gewerblich(e)
 
| Trade
 
|-
 
| glchn.
 
| Gleichnamig
 
| By the same name
 
|-
 
| Gr…
 
| Groß
 
| Great (part of place name)
 
|-
 
| Gsth.
 
| Gast-, Wirtshaus, Krug
 
| Inn, pub, tavern, overnight lodging
 
|-
 
| GTg.
 
| Gerichtstag
 
| Jurisdictional area of a court
 
|-
 
| Gymn.
 
| Gymnasium
 
| Academically oriented high school
 
|-
 
| H., Hr.
 
| Haus, Häuser
 
| House, houses
 
|-
 
| …h
 
| …haus, …heim
 
| (as part of a word) – house, - home
 
|-
 
| Hann.
 
| Hannover
 
| Hanover, former province of Prussia
 
|-
 
| Hdl.
 
| Handel(s)
 
| Commerce, also business establishment
 
|-
 
| Herrsch.
 
| Herrschaft
 
| Manor, estate, domain
 
|-
 
| Hessen-N.
 
| Hessen-Nassau
 
| Former province of Prussia
 
|-
 
| Hf.
 
| Hafen
 
| Harbor, port
 
|-
 
| Hosp.
 
| Hospital
 
| Hospital
 
|-
 
| Hpt…
 
| Haupt…
 
| Main
 
|-
 
| Hrgr.
 
| Häusergruppe (n)
 
| Group of houses
 
|-
 
| hzl.
 
| Herzoglich
 
| Of the duke (pertaining to the duke’s possession)
 
|-
 
| Hzt. (...hzt.)
 
| Herzogtum (…herzogtum)
 
| Duchy
 
|-
 
| Ind.
 
| Industrie
 
| Industry
 
|-
 
| Inf.
 
| Infanterie
 
| Infantry
 
|-
 
| Insp.
 
| Inspektion
 
| inspection
 
|-
 
| Inst.
 
| Institut
 
| Institute
 
|-
 
| Int. (...int.)
 
| Intendantur (…intendantur)
 
| Office of the stewart or superintendent (commissariat)
 
|-
 
| J.
 
| Juden, Israelitisch, Israeliten
 
| Jews, Israelitic, Israelites
 
|-
 
| i. L.
 
| Jüngere Linie
 
| Younger line
 
|-
 
| K.
 
| Kirche
 
| Church
 
|-
 
| …k.
 
| …kasse oder, …kirche
 
| Bank, collecting agency, also -church
 
|-
 
| Kam.
 
| Kammer
 
| Chamber (like Chamber of Commerce)
 
|-
 
| Kap.
 
| Kapelle
 
| Chapel
 
|-
 
| Kat.
 
| Kataster
 
| Land register
 
|-
 
| kath., Kath.
 
| Katholisch, Katholiken
 
| Catholic
 
|-
 
| Kav.
 
| Kavallerie
 
| Cavalry
 
|-
 
| Kdo.
 
| Kommando
 
| Command (post)
 
|-
 
| kgl.
 
| Königlich
 
| Royal
 
|-
 
| …khlbgb.
 
| …kohlenbergbau
 
| Coal mine
 
|-
 
| Kl…
 
| Klein…
 
| Little, small (part of place names)
 
|-
 
| Klbn.
 
| Kleinbahn
 
| Narrow-gauge railway
 
|-
 
| km
 
| Kilometer
 
| 1,000 meters=3,280.8 ft. or 5/8 mile
 
|-
 
| Kol.
 
| Kolonie
 
| Colony (usually of small houses)
 
|-
 
| Kom.
 
| Kommandantur
 
| Office and/or residence of commandant
 
|-
 
| Komm.
 
| Kommission
 
| commission
 
|-
 
| Kr.
 
| Kreis
 
| District
 
|-
 
| KredVer.
 
| Kredit-und (od.) Vorschußverein
 
| Loan association
 
|-
 
| Kr.H
 
| Kreishauptmannschaft
 
| Government district
 
|-
 
| KrSt.
 
| Kreisstadt
 
| Capital of Kreis
 
|-
 
| Ksp.
 
| Kirschspiel
 
| Parish
 
|-
 
| Kt.
 
| Kanton
 
| County (state)
 
|-
 
| l.
 
| Links
 
| Left (as opposed to right)
 
|-
 
| L.
 
| Land(es)
 
| Land
 
|-
 
| Ldepl.
 
| Ladeplatz
 
| Loading place or dock
 
|-
 
| LG.
 
| Landgericht
 
| Court (next higher court after Amtsger.)
 
|-
 
| LGem.
 
| Landgemeinde
 
| Rural community
 
|-
 
| LHerr(en)Sch.
 
| Landherr(en)schaft
 
| Possessions of the sovereign
 
|-
 
| LKr.
 
| Landkreis
 
| District
 
|-
 
| Loth.
 
| Lothringen
 
| Lorrain (Alsace-Lorraine)
 
|-
 
| LrA.
 
| Landratsamt
 
| Office of the landrat or county commissioner
 
|-
 
| Lw., lw.
 
| Landwirtschaft, …liche
 
| Farm, farming operation
 
|-
 
| m
 
| Meter über dem Meer
 
| Meters above sea level
 
|-
 
| Mag.
 
| Magazin
 
| Storage room, warehouse
 
|-
 
| Masch.
 
| Maschine(n)
 
| Machine(s)
 
|-
 
| Mdg.
 
| Mündung
 
| Mouth, estuary
 
|-
 
| Meckl.-Schw.
 
| Mecklenburg-Schwerin
 
| Former grand duchy
 
|-
 
| Meckl.-Str.
 
| Mecklenburg-Strelitz
 
| Former grand duchy
 
|-
 
| Mil.
 
| Militär
 
| military
 
|-
 
| Mktfl.
 
| Marktflecken
 
| Small market-town
 
|-
 
| Mkt.Gk.
 
| Marktgerechtigkeit
 
| Market jurisdiction
 
|-
 
| Ml. (…ml.)
 
| Mühle (…mühle)
 
| Mill (or –mill as part of a word)
 
|-
 
| N. (n.)
 
| Norden (nördlich), neben
 
| North, to the north, next to
 
|-
 
| …n.
 
| …nebenstelle
 
| Branch
 
|-
 
| Nd…
 
| Nieder…
 
| Lower (as in Lower Saxony)
 
|-
 
| Neum.
 
| Neumark
 
| Eastern part of the province of Brandenburg
 
|-
 
| NO. (nö)
 
| Nordosten (nordöstlich
 
| Northeast (northeasterly)
 
|-
 
| NW. (nw.)
 
| Nordwestern (nordwestlich)
 
| Northwest (northwesterly)
 
|-
 
| NZA.
 
| Nebenzollamt
 
| Branch custom office
 
|-
 
| O…
 
| Ober…
 
| Upper (as in Upper Silesia)
 
|-
 
| O. (ö.)
 
| Osten (östlich)
 
| East, easterly
 
|-
 
| OA.
 
| Oberamt
 
| Next higher authority after the Amt or (government) office
 
|-
 
| OFörst.
 
| Oberförsterei
 
| Forest service administration office
 
|-
 
| Oldenb.
 
| Oldenburg
 
| Former grand-duchy
 
|-
 
| OLG.
 
| Oberlandesgericht
 
| (in Prussia) highest court in Province
 
|-
 
| OPDIR.
 
| Oberpostdirektion
 
| Higher postal authority
 
|-
 
| Ortsch.
 
| Ortschaft
 
| (inhabited) place
 
|-
 
| Ostpr.
 
| Ostpreußen
 
| East Prussia
 
|-
 
| P
 
| Postanstalt
 
| Post office
 
|-
 
| P
 
| Post und Fernsprecher
 
| Post office with telephone
 
|-
 
| P
 
| Post und Telegraph
 
| Post office with telegraph
 
|-
 
| P
 
| Post, Fernsprecher und Telegraph
 
| Post office with telephone and telegraph
 
|-
 
| PDir.
 
| Postdirektion
 
| Postal authorities
 
|-
 
| Pf…
 
| Pfarr…
 
| Parish- (coupled with another word)
 
|-
 
| Pfk.
 
| Pfarrkirche
 
| Parish church
 
|-
 
| Pomm.
 
| Pommern
 
| Pomerania
 
|-
 
| Pr., pr.
 
| Preußen (Preußisch), preußisch
 
| Prussia, Prussian
 
|-
 
| Präs.
 
| Präsidium
 
| Presidium
 
|-
 
| Prov.
 
| Provinz …(ial)
 
| Province (provincial)
 
|-
 
| Pw.
 
| Personenpostwagen oder autoverkehr
 
| Stage-coach or automobile traffic
 
|-
 
| Pz. (…dt.)
 
| Polizei (distrikt)
 
| Police (district)
 
|-
 
| r.
 
| Rechts
 
| Right
 
|-
 
| R.Raiffbk.
 
| Regierung(s)
 
| Government(al)
 
|-
 
| RB.
 
| Raiffeisenbank
 
| Rural loan institution named after Raiffeisen, the founder
 
|-
 
| Rbkh.
 
| Regierungsbezirk
 
| Administrative district (within the province)
 
|-
 
| Rbkn.
 
| Reichsbankhauptstelle
 
| Major office of the national bank
 
|-
 
| Rbkn.
 
| Reichsbanknebenstelle
 
| Branch office of the national bank
 
|-
 
| Rbkst.
 
| Reichsbankstelle
 
| Office of the national bank
 
|-
 
| Ref.
 
| Reformierte
 
| Reformed (church)
 
|-
 
| Reg.
 
| Regiment
 
| Regiment
 
|-
 
| Rg.
 
| Rittergut
 
| Landed estate
 
|-
 
| Rheinl.
 
| Rheinland, -provinz
 
| Rhineland (also the Rhine province)
 
|-
 
| Ritt.
 
| Ritterschaft(s)
 
| Knighthood, knightly
 
|-
 
| S.
 
| Sankt
 
| Saint (St.) in connection with place names, churches and foundations
 
|-
 
| s. (a.)
 
| siehe (auch)
 
| See or look for (also) meaning look under a second reference
 
|-
 
| S. (s.)
 
| Süden (südlich)
 
| South (southern)
 
|-
 
| Sa.
 
| Sachsen(Staat)
 
| Saxony, (state)
 
|-
 
| Sa.-A.
 
| Sachsen-Altenburg
 
| Saxony-Altenburg
 
|-
 
| Sa.-C.-G.
 
| Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha
 
| Saxony-Coburg-Gotha former duchy
 
|-
 
| Sa.-M.
 
| Sachsen-Meiningen
 
| Saxony-Meiningen former duchy
 
|-
 
| Sa.-W.-E
 
| Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach
 
| Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach former duchy
 
|-
 
| Sanat.
 
| Sanatorium
 
| Sanitarium
 
|-
 
| Sch.,…sch.
 
| Schule, …schule
 
| School, -school
 
|-
 
| Schaumb.-L.
 
| Schaumburg-Lippe
 
| Former principality
 
|-
 
| Schiff.
 
| Schiffahrt(s)
 
| Naval, maritime
 
|-
 
| Schl.
 
| Schleuse
 
| Sluice (lock)
 
|-
 
| Schles.
 
| Schlesien
 
| Silesia
 
|-
 
| Schlesw.-Holst.
 
| Schleswig-Holstein
 
| Schleswig-Holstein; former province of Prussia
 
|-
 
| Schwarzb.-Rud.
 
| Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
 
| Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, former principality
 
|-
 
| Schwarzb.-Sond.
 
| Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
 
| Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, former principality
 
|-
 
| SchwG.
 
| Schwurgericht
 
| Court with a jury
 
|-
 
| Sem.
 
| Seminar
 
| Seminary (not always religious)
 
|-
 
| Slg.
 
| Sammlung
 
| Collection
 
|-
 
| SO. (sö.)
 
| Südosten (südöstlich)
 
| Southeast, southeastern (-easterly)
 
|-
 
| Soz.
 
| Sozietät
 
| Society, (usually commercial) corporation
 
|-
 
| SpDrl.
 
| Spar- u. Darlehnskassenverein
 
| Savings and loan union (non-profit)
 
|-
 
| Spk.
 
| Sparkasse
 
| Savings bank
 
|-
 
| St.
 
| Stadt (städtisch
 
| City (municipal)
 
|-
 
| Stat.
 
| Station
 
| Station
 
|-
 
| StdA.
 
| Standesamt
 
| Civil registrar’s office
 
|-
 
| StKr.
 
| Stadtkreis
 
| Area included in municipal administration district, as opposed to rural or county government which would be “Landkreis”
 
|-
 
| Strbn. (…verz.)
 
| Straßenbahn (…verzeichnis)
 
| Tramway (…register)
 
|-
 
| Sv.
 
| Servisklasse
 
| Inhabitants receiving government subsidy to pay for the cost of housing (since 1906)
 
|-
 
| svw.
 
| Sovielwie
 
| As much as
 
|-
 
| SW. (sw.)
 
| Südwesten, (südwestlich)
 
| Southwest, southwesterly
 
|-
 
| Syn.
 
| Synagoge
 
| Synagogue
 
|-
 
| T
 
| Posttelegraph
 
| Telegraph office, in Germany under postal administration
 
|-
 
| E
 
| Eisenbahntelegraph auf der station
 
| Railway telegraph at the station
 
|-
 
| F
 
| Fernsprecher und Telegraph
 
| Telephone and telegraph
 
|-
 
| P
 
| Post, Fernsprecher und Telegraph
 
| Post office and telegraph
 
|-
 
| P
 
| Post und Telegraph
 
| Post office and telegraph
 
|-
 
| Thür.
 
| Thüringen
 
| Thuringia
 
|-
 
| u…
 
| Und
 
| And
 
|-
 
| u…
 
| Unter…
 
| Under, but here pertaining to terrain or territory, like Unterfranken = Lower Franconia, as opposed to Oberfranken = Upper Franconia
 
|-
 
| usw.
 
| Und so weiter
 
| And so forth
 
|-
 
| uSt.
 
| Unmittelbare Stadt
 
| Vicinity of a city or town
 
|-
 
| v.
 
| Von
 
| Of
 
|-
 
| Ver. (e)
 
| Verein(e)
 
| Club, society, union (“e” denotes plural)
 
|-
 
| Vers.
 
| Versicherung
 
| Insurance
 
|-
 
| Verw.
 
| Verwaltung
 
| Administration
 
|-
 
| Vw.
 
| Vorwerk
 
| Residence and/or farm of the administrator of a landed estate on an outlying tract of land
 
|-
 
| …w
 
| ...waren in Verbindung mit Fbr.
 
| Goods or merchandise in connection with Fbr. (see there)
 
|-
 
| …w. (we.)
 
| ...werk (werke)
 
| - works (such as water works)
 
|-
 
| W. (w.)
 
| Westen, westlich
 
| West, westerly
 
|-
 
| Westf.
 
| Westfalen
 
| Westphalia
 
|-
 
| Westpr.
 
| Westpreußen
 
| West Prussia
 
|-
 
| Wlr.
 
| Weiler
 
| Hamlet
 
|-
 
| Wp.
 
| Wohnplatz
 
| Residence
 
|-
 
| Wst. (...wst.)
 
| Werkstätte (…werkstätte)
 
| Shop (such as blacksmith shop)
 
|-
 
| Württ.
 
| Württemberg
 
| Former kingdom
 
|-
 
| Z.
 
| Zoll
 
| Custom, duty
 
|-
 
| ZA.
 
| Zollamt
 
| Customs office
 
|-
 
| Zgl.
 
| Ziegelei
 
| Brick works, tile works
 
|-
 
| Zh.
 
| Zollhaus
 
| Custom house
 
|-
 
| Zk.
 
| Zinken
 
| Outlying farm (hamlet)
 
|-
 
| zw.
 
| Zwischen
 
| Between
 
|-
 
| <nowiki>[……]</nowiki>
 
| Verkehrsanstalt nur zu gewisser Zeit tätig
 
| Station (railway, bus, etc.) operating only at certain times
 
|-
 
| <nowiki>*……..</nowiki>
 
| Siehe dieses
 
| See this
 
|-
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|}
 
 
 
Abbreviation,&nbsp;&nbsp; German&nbsp;&nbsp;and English Translation&nbsp;
 
 
 
A Amt: (Amtsbezirk) Government office, official district<br>Ab.(e.): Abbau(e) oder Ausbau(e), Surface mine (the “e“ denotes plural)<br>Abt.: &nbsp;Abteilung, Department<br>a/d: An der, auf der, At the, on the, like “Cologne on the Rhine”<br>Ag: ag. Agentur, …agentur Agency, …agency (as part of a word)<br>AG: Amtsgericht, Lower court, county court<br>AH: Amtshauptmannschaft, Government district<br>AK: Armeekorps, Army corps<br>AktGes: Aktiengesellschaft Corporation, (an “Aktie”=a share of stock)<br>ä.L.: Ältere Linie, Older line<br>AllGut: Allodialgut, Allodial estate<br>Anh.: Anhalt, Former duchy<br>Ansdl.: Ansiedlung, Settlement<br>Anst.: …anst. Anstalt, …anstalt Institute, institution (also as part of a word)<br>Arb.: Arbeiter, Laborer, worker<br>Art.: Artillerie, Artillery<br>Ausg.: Ausgaben, Expenditures<br>B.: Bezirk, District or area<br>BA.: Bezirksamt, District office<br>Bat.: Bataillon, Battalion<br>Batt.: Batterie, Battery<br>Bay.: Bayern, Bavaria<br>Bgd.: …bgb. Bergbau, …bergbau Mine, mining, also with other word …salt, coal, etc.<br>BGrem.: Bezirksgremium, District council<br>Bgw.: Bergwerk, Mine<br>Bhf.: Bahnhof, Railroad station<br>Bibl.: Bibliothek, Library<br>Bk. Bank Bank (financial institution)<br>BRdo.: Bezirkskommando, District command (military)<br>Bn., bn.: Bahn, …bahn, Railroad (train)<br>Brandbg.: Brandenburg, Former province of Prussia<br>Braunschw.: Braunschweig, Former duchy
 
 
 
bre.: …brüche, Quarries, pits<br>Brgm.: Bürgermeister (ei), Burgermaster, mayor – office of the mayor<br>Brig.: Brigade, Brigade<br>Bsch.: Bauerschaft, Homestead<br>Bz.: Beziehungsweise, Or, respective<br>D: Dampfer-oder Motorbootverbindung, Steamer or motor boat connection<br>SD: “in der Saison, Sommer, only during the summer season<br>das.: daselbst, There, at the previously mentioned place<br>D.:, Dr. Dorf, Dörfer, Village, villages<br>Dir. (…dir.) Direktion (…direktion) Management, head office, office of the director<br>Drl. Darlehen Loan<br>Dom. Domäne, Dominium, Domanial State-owned estate<br>dsgl. Desgleichen The same or pertaining to the immediately preceding<br>...dt. …Distrikt …district<br>E Eisenbahnstation oder Haltestelle Railroad station or stop<br>E - mit Personen-und Güterverkehr - with passenger and goods traffic<br>EGt - mit Bahntelegraph - with telegraph<br>EGt - nur mit Güterbeförderung - only with transportation of goods<br>EPs - nur mit Personenverkehr - only with passenger traffic<br>E† - mit Eisenbahnauskunftsstelle - with railroad information desk<br>E. Einwohner Population<br>Ein. Einöde Wilderness, lonely spot<br>Einn., einn. Einnahme oder einnehmerei Clerk’s (usually tax) office<br>Eis. Eisenbahn Train<br>Elktr. Ort hat Elektrizitätsquelle Place has electric power source<br>Elktrw. Elektrizitätswerk Power plant<br>Els. Elsaß Alsace<br>Esk. Eskadron Squadron<br>Etabl. Etablissement Establishment<br>Ev., Ev. Evangelisch, Evangelische Evangelical (in Germany usually Lutheran)<br>F Fernsprecher Telephone<br>F Fernsprecher und Telegraph Telephone and telegraph<br>Fbr., fbr. Fabrik, fabrikation Factory, manufacturing plant<br>Fil. Filiale Branch<br>Fl. Flecken Country-town<br>Först. Försterei Forest ranger station (residence)<br>fr. Früher Formerly<br>Frht. Freiheit Market-town (country-town)<br>Fürstt. Fürstentum Principality<br>G. Gericht Court<br>Garn. Garnison Garrison<br>GB. Gerichtsbezirk Court district<br>Gef. Gefängnis Jail<br>geh. Gehörig Belonging (to)<br>Gem. Gemeinde Community (village)<br>Gen. General… General<br>Genoss. Genossenschaft Cooperative<br>Ges. Gesellschaft Society<br>Gew., gew. Gewerbe, gewerblich(e) Trade<br>glchn. Gleichnamig By the same name<br>Gr… Groß Great (part of place name)<br>Gsth. Gast-, Wirtshaus, Krug Inn, pub, tavern, overnight lodging<br>GTg. Gerichtstag Jurisdictional area of a court<br>Gymn. Gymnasium Academically oriented high school<br>H., Hr. Haus, Häuser House, houses<br>…h …haus, …heim (as part of a word) – house, - home<br>Hann. Hannover Hanover, former province of Prussia<br>Hdl. Handel(s) Commerce, also business establishment<br>Herrsch. Herrschaft Manor, estate, domain<br>Hessen-N. Hessen-Nassau Former province of Prussia<br>Hf. Hafen Harbor, port<br>Hosp. Hospital Hospital<br>Hpt… Haupt… Main<br>Hrgr. Häusergruppe (n) Group of houses<br>hzl. Herzoglich Of the duke (pertaining to the duke’s possession)<br>Hzt. (...hzt.) Herzogtum (…herzogtum) Duchy<br>Ind. Industrie Industry<br>Inf. Infanterie Infantry<br>Insp. Inspektion inspection<br>Inst. Institut Institute<br>Int. (...int.) Intendantur (…intendantur) Office of the stewart or superintendent (commissariat)<br>J. Juden, Israelitisch, Israeliten Jews, Israelitic, Israelites<br>i. L. Jüngere Linie Younger line<br>K. Kirche Church<br>…k. …kasse oder, …kirche Bank, collecting agency, also -church<br>Kam. Kammer Chamber (like Chamber of Commerce)<br>Kap. Kapelle Chapel<br>Kat. Kataster Land register<br>kath., Kath. Katholisch, Katholiken Catholic<br>Kav. Kavallerie Cavalry<br>Kdo. Kommando Command (post)<br>kgl. Königlich Royal<br>…khlbgb. …kohlenbergbau Coal mine<br>Kl… Klein… Little, small (part of place names)<br>Klbn. Kleinbahn Narrow-gauge railway<br>km Kilometer 1,000 meters=3,280.8 ft. or 5/8 mile<br>Kol. Kolonie Colony (usually of small houses)<br>Kom. Kommandantur Office and/or residence of commandant<br>Komm. Kommission commission<br>Kr. Kreis District<br>KredVer. Kredit-und (od.) Vorschußverein Loan association<br>Kr.H Kreishauptmannschaft Government district<br>KrSt. Kreisstadt Capital of Kreis<br>Ksp. Kirschspiel Parish<br>Kt. Kanton County (state)<br>l. Links Left (as opposed to right)<br>L. Land(es) Land<br>Ldepl. Ladeplatz Loading place or dock<br>LG. Landgericht Court (next higher court after Amtsger.)<br>LGem. Landgemeinde Rural community<br>LHerr(en)Sch. Landherr(en)schaft Possessions of the sovereign<br>LKr. Landkreis District<br>Loth. Lothringen Lorrain (Alsace-Lorraine)<br>LrA. Landratsamt Office of the landrat or county commissioner<br>Lw., lw. Landwirtschaft, …liche Farm, farming operation<br>m Meter über dem Meer Meters above sea level<br>Mag. Magazin Storage room, warehouse<br>Masch. Maschine(n) Machine(s)<br>Mdg. Mündung Mouth, estuary<br>Meckl.-Schw. Mecklenburg-Schwerin Former grand duchy<br>Meckl.-Str. Mecklenburg-Strelitz Former grand duchy<br>Mil. Militär military<br>Mktfl. Marktflecken Small market-town<br>Mkt.Gk. Marktgerechtigkeit Market jurisdiction<br>Ml. (…ml.) Mühle (…mühle) Mill (or –mill as part of a word)<br>N. (n.) Norden (nördlich), neben North, to the north, next to<br>…n. …nebenstelle Branch<br>Nd… Nieder… Lower (as in Lower Saxony)<br>Neum. Neumark Eastern part of the province of Brandenburg<br>NO. (nö) Nordosten (nordöstlich Northeast (northeasterly)<br>NW. (nw.) Nordwestern (nordwestlich) Northwest (northwesterly)<br>NZA. Nebenzollamt Branch custom office<br>O… Ober… Upper (as in Upper Silesia)<br>O. (ö.) Osten (östlich) East, easterly<br>OA. Oberamt Next higher authority after the Amt or (government) office<br>OFörst. Oberförsterei Forest service administration office<br>Oldenb. Oldenburg Former grand-duchy<br>OLG. Oberlandesgericht (in Prussia) highest court in Province<br>OPDIR. Oberpostdirektion Higher postal authority<br>Ortsch. Ortschaft (inhabited) place<br>Ostpr. Ostpreußen East Prussia<br>P Postanstalt Post office<br>P Post und Fernsprecher Post office with telephone<br>P Post und Telegraph Post office with telegraph<br>P Post, Fernsprecher und Telegraph Post office with telephone and telegraph<br>PDir. Postdirektion Postal authorities<br>Pf… Pfarr… Parish- (coupled with another word)<br>Pfk. Pfarrkirche Parish church<br>Pomm. Pommern Pomerania<br>Pr., pr. Preußen (Preußisch), preußisch Prussia, Prussian<br>Präs. Präsidium Presidium<br>Prov. Provinz …(ial) Province (provincial)<br>Pw. Personenpostwagen oder autoverkehr Stage-coach or automobile traffic<br>Pz. (…dt.) Polizei (distrikt) Police (district)<br>r. Rechts Right<br>R.Raiffbk. Regierung(s) Government(al)<br>RB. Raiffeisenbank Rural loan institution named after Raiffeisen, the founder<br>Rbkh. Regierungsbezirk Administrative district (within the province)<br>Rbkn. Reichsbankhauptstelle Major office of the national bank<br>Rbkn. Reichsbanknebenstelle Branch office of the national bank<br>Rbkst. Reichsbankstelle Office of the national bank<br>Ref. Reformierte Reformed (church)<br>Reg. Regiment Regiment<br>Rg. Rittergut Landed estate<br>Rheinl. Rheinland, -provinz Rhineland (also the Rhine province)<br>Ritt. Ritterschaft(s) Knighthood, knightly<br>S. Sankt Saint (St.) in connection with place names, churches and foundations<br>s. (a.) siehe (auch) See or look for (also) meaning look under a second reference<br>S. (s.) Süden (südlich) South (southern)<br>Sa. Sachsen(Staat) Saxony, (state)<br>Sa.-A. Sachsen-Altenburg Saxony-Altenburg<br>Sa.-C.-G. Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha Saxony-Coburg-Gotha former duchy<br>Sa.-M. Sachsen-Meiningen Saxony-Meiningen former duchy<br>Sa.-W.-E Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach former duchy<br>Sanat. Sanatorium Sanitarium<br>Sch.,…sch. Schule, …schule School, -school<br>Schaumb.-L. Schaumburg-Lippe Former principality<br>Schiff. Schiffahrt(s) Naval, maritime<br>Schl. Schleuse Sluice (lock)<br>Schles. Schlesien Silesia<br>Schlesw.-Holst. Schleswig-Holstein Schleswig-Holstein; former province of Prussia<br>Schwarzb.-Rud. Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, former principality<br>Schwarzb.-Sond. Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, former principality<br>SchwG. Schwurgericht Court with a jury<br>Sem. Seminar Seminary (not always religious)<br>Slg. Sammlung Collection<br>SO. (sö.) Südosten (südöstlich) Southeast, southeastern (-easterly)<br>Soz. Sozietät Society, (usually commercial) corporation<br>SpDrl. Spar- u. Darlehnskassenverein Savings and loan union (non-profit)<br>Spk. Sparkasse Savings bank<br>St. Stadt (städtisch City (municipal)<br>Stat. Station Station<br>StdA. Standesamt Civil registrar’s office<br>StKr. Stadtkreis Area included in municipal administration district, as opposed to rural or county government which would be “Landkreis”<br>Strbn. (…verz.) Straßenbahn (…verzeichnis) Tramway (…register)<br>Sv. Servisklasse Inhabitants receiving government subsidy to pay for the cost of housing (since 1906)<br>svw. Sovielwie As much as<br>SW. (sw.) Südwesten, (südwestlich) Southwest, southwesterly<br>Syn. Synagoge Synagogue<br>T Posttelegraph Telegraph office, in Germany under postal administration<br>E Eisenbahntelegraph auf der station Railway telegraph at the station<br>F Fernsprecher und Telegraph Telephone and telegraph<br>P Post, Fernsprecher und Telegraph Post office and telegraph<br>P Post und Telegraph Post office and telegraph<br>Thür. Thüringen Thuringia<br>u… Und And<br>u… Unter… Under, but here pertaining to terrain or territory, like Unterfranken = Lower Franconia, as opposed to Oberfranken = Upper Franconia<br>usw. Und so weiter And so forth<br>uSt. Unmittelbare Stadt Vicinity of a city or town<br>v. Von Of<br>Ver. (e) Verein(e) Club, society, union (“e” denotes plural)<br>Vers. Versicherung Insurance<br>Verw. Verwaltung Administration<br>Vw. Vorwerk Residence and/or farm of the administrator of a landed estate on an outlying tract of land<br>…w ...waren in Verbindung mit Fbr. Goods or merchandise in connection with Fbr. (see there)<br>…w. (we.) ...werk (werke) - works (such as water works)<br>W. (w.) Westen, westlich West, westerly<br>Westf. Westfalen Westphalia<br>Westpr. Westpreußen West Prussia<br>Wlr. Weiler Hamlet<br>Wp. Wohnplatz Residence<br>Wst. (...wst.) Werkstätte (…werkstätte) Shop (such as blacksmith shop)<br>Württ. Württemberg Former kingdom<br>Z. Zoll Custom, duty<br>ZA. Zollamt Customs office<br>Zgl. Ziegelei Brick works, tile works<br>Zh. Zollhaus Custom house<br>Zk. Zinken Outlying farm (hamlet)<br>zw. Zwischen Between<br>[……] Verkehrsanstalt nur zu gewisser Zeit tätig Station (railway, bus, etc.) operating only at certain times<br>*…….. Siehe dieses See this<br>
 
 
 
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Words having the ending …erei; …isch; …ungs are abbreviated with a period (.) (thus these endings will have to be added to make the word). Example: Fischerei = Fisch.; Wendisch =Wend. The words ending in …lich are abbreviated after the “l” by a period. Example: nördlich = nrdl.
 
 
 
Population figures after place names, if printed in italics indicate that the census figures of 1905 were used, rather than the 1910 figures, used otherwise throughout the book.
 
 
 
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Latest revision as of 18:41, 13 July 2009