Difference between revisions of "ABBREVIATION TABLE FOR MEYERS"

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=== ABBREVIATION TABLE FOR MEYERS<br>ORTS UND VERKEHRSLEXIKON<br>Ref 943 E5mo  ===
+
#REDIRECT [[Abbreviation Table for Meyers Orts und Verkehrs Lexikon Des Deutschen Reichs]]
 
+
{| class="prettytable"
+
|-
+
| <center>'''Abbreviation'''</center>
+
| <center>'''German'''</center>
+
| <center</center>
+
'''English Translation'''<br>
+
 
+
|-
+
| A
+
| Amt (Amtsbezirk)
+
| Government office, official district
+
|-
+
| Ab.(e.)
+
| Abbau(e) order Ausbau(e)
+
| Surface mine (the “e“ denotes plural)
+
|-
+
| Abt.
+
| Abteilung
+
| Department
+
|-
+
| a/d
+
| An der, auf der
+
| At the, on the, like “Cologne on the Rhine”
+
|-
+
| Ag., …ag.
+
| Agentur, …agentur
+
| Agency, …agency (as part of a word)
+
|-
+
| AG
+
| Amtsgericht
+
| Lower court, county court
+
|-
+
| AH
+
| Amtshauptmannschaft
+
| Government district
+
|-
+
| AK
+
| Armeekorps
+
| Army corps
+
|-
+
| AktGes.
+
| Aktiengesellschaft
+
| Corporation (an “Aktie”=a share of stock)
+
|-
+
| ä.L.
+
| Ältere Linie
+
| Older line
+
|-
+
| AllGut
+
| Allodialgut
+
| Allodial estate
+
|-
+
| Anh.
+
| Anhalt
+
| Former duchy
+
|-
+
| Ansdl.
+
| Ansiedlung
+
| Settlement
+
|-
+
| Anst., …anst.
+
| Anstalt, …anstalt
+
| Institute, institution (also as part of a word)
+
|-
+
| Arb.
+
| Arbeiter
+
| Laborer, worker
+
|-
+
| Art.
+
| Artillerie
+
| Artillery
+
|-
+
| Ausg.
+
| Ausgaben
+
| Expenditures
+
|-
+
| B.
+
| Bezirk
+
| District or area
+
|-
+
| BA.
+
| Bezirksamt
+
| District office
+
|-
+
| Bat.
+
| Bataillon
+
| Battalion
+
|-
+
| Batt.
+
| Batterie
+
| Battery
+
|-
+
| Bay.
+
| Bayern
+
| Bavaria
+
|-
+
| Bgd., …bgb.
+
| Bergbau, …bergbau
+
| Mine, mining, also with other word …salt, coal, etc.
+
|-
+
| BGrem.
+
| Bezirksgremium
+
| District council
+
|-
+
| Bgw.
+
| Bergwerk
+
| Mine
+
|-
+
| Bhf.
+
| Bahnhof
+
| Railroad station
+
|-
+
| Bibl.
+
| Bibliothek
+
| Library
+
|-
+
| Bk.
+
| Bank
+
| Bank (financial institution)
+
|-
+
| BRdo.
+
| Bezirkskommando
+
| District command (military)
+
|-
+
| Bn., …bn.
+
| Bahn, …bahn
+
| Railroad (train)
+
|-
+
| Brandbg.
+
| Brandenburg
+
| Former province of Prussia
+
|-
+
| Braunschw.
+
| Braunschweig
+
| Former duchy
+
|-
+
| …bre.
+
| …brüche
+
| Quarries, pits
+
|-
+
| Brgm.
+
| Bürgermeister (ei)
+
| Burgermaster, mayor – office of the mayor
+
|-
+
| Brig.
+
| Brigade
+
| Brigade
+
|-
+
| Bsch.
+
| Bauerschaft
+
| Homestead
+
|-
+
| Bz.
+
| Beziehungsweise
+
| Or, respective
+
|-
+
| D
+
| Dampfer-oder Motorbootverbindung
+
| Steamer or motor boat connection
+
|-
+
| SD
+
| “in der Saison, Sommer
+
| Same as above, only during the summer season
+
|-
+
| das.
+
| daselbst
+
| There, at the previously mentioned place
+
|-
+
| D., Dr.
+
| Dorf, Dörfer
+
| Village, villages
+
|-
+
| Dir. (…dir.)
+
| Direktion (…direktion)
+
| Management, head office, office of the director
+
|-
+
| Drl.
+
| Darlehen
+
| Loan
+
|-
+
| Dom.
+
| Domäne, Dominium, Domanial
+
| State-owned estate
+
|-
+
| dsgl.
+
| Desgleichen
+
| The same or pertaining to the immediately preceding
+
|-
+
| ...dt.
+
| …Distrikt
+
| …district
+
|-
+
| E
+
| Eisenbahnstation oder Haltestelle
+
| Railroad station or stop
+
|-
+
| E
+
| - mit Personen-und Güterverkehr
+
| - with passenger and goods traffic
+
|-
+
| EGt
+
| - mit Bahntelegraph
+
| - with telegraph
+
|-
+
| EGt
+
| - nur mit Güterbeförderung
+
| - only with transportation of goods
+
|-
+
| EPs
+
| - nur mit Personenverkehr
+
| - only with passenger traffic
+
|-
+
| E†
+
| - mit Eisenbahnauskunftsstelle
+
| - with railroad information desk
+
|-
+
| E.
+
| Einwohner
+
| Population
+
|-
+
| Ein.
+
| Einöde
+
| Wilderness, lonely spot
+
|-
+
| Einn., einn.
+
| Einnahme oder einnehmerei
+
| Clerk’s (usually tax) office
+
|-
+
| Eis.
+
| Eisenbahn
+
| Train
+
|-
+
| Elktr.
+
| Ort hat Elektrizitätsquelle
+
| Place has electric power source
+
|-
+
| Elktrw.
+
| Elektrizitätswerk
+
| Power plant
+
|-
+
| Els.
+
| Elsaß
+
| Alsace
+
|-
+
| Esk.
+
| Eskadron
+
| Squadron
+
|-
+
| Etabl.
+
| Etablissement
+
| Establishment
+
|-
+
| Ev., Ev.
+
| Evangelisch, Evangelische
+
| Evangelical (in Germany usually Lutheran)
+
|-
+
| F
+
| Fernsprecher
+
| Telephone
+
|-
+
| F
+
| Fernsprecher und Telegraph
+
| Telephone and telegraph
+
|-
+
| Fbr., fbr.
+
| Fabrik, fabrikation
+
| Factory, manufacturing plant
+
|-
+
| Fil.
+
| Filiale
+
| Branch
+
|-
+
| Fl.
+
| Flecken
+
| Country-town
+
|-
+
| Först.
+
| Försterei
+
| Forest ranger station (residence)
+
|-
+
| fr.
+
| Früher
+
| Formerly
+
|-
+
| Frht.
+
| Freiheit
+
| Market-town (country-town)
+
|-
+
| Fürstt.
+
| Fürstentum
+
| Principality
+
|-
+
| G.
+
| Gericht
+
| Court
+
|-
+
| Garn.
+
| Garnison
+
| Garrison
+
|-
+
| GB.
+
| Gerichtsbezirk
+
| Court district
+
|-
+
| Gef.
+
| Gefängnis
+
| Jail
+
|-
+
| geh.
+
| Gehörig
+
| Belonging (to)
+
|-
+
| Gem.
+
| Gemeinde
+
| Community (village)
+
|-
+
| Gen.
+
| General…
+
| General
+
|-
+
| Genoss.
+
| Genossenschaft
+
| Cooperative
+
|-
+
| Ges.
+
| Gesellschaft
+
| Society
+
|-
+
| Gew., gew.
+
| Gewerbe, gewerblich(e)
+
| Trade
+
|-
+
| glchn.
+
| Gleichnamig
+
| By the same name
+
|-
+
| Gr…
+
| Groß
+
| Great (part of place name)
+
|-
+
| Gsth.
+
| Gast-, Wirtshaus, Krug
+
| Inn, pub, tavern, overnight lodging
+
|-
+
| GTg.
+
| Gerichtstag
+
| Jurisdictional area of a court
+
|-
+
| Gymn.
+
| Gymnasium
+
| Academically oriented high school
+
|-
+
| H., Hr.
+
| Haus, Häuser
+
| House, houses
+
|-
+
| …h
+
| …haus, …heim
+
| (as part of a word) – house, - home
+
|-
+
| Hann.
+
| Hannover
+
| Hanover, former province of Prussia
+
|-
+
| Hdl.
+
| Handel(s)
+
| Commerce, also business establishment
+
|-
+
| Herrsch.
+
| Herrschaft
+
| Manor, estate, domain
+
|-
+
| Hessen-N.
+
| Hessen-Nassau
+
| Former province of Prussia
+
|-
+
| Hf.
+
| Hafen
+
| Harbor, port
+
|-
+
| Hosp.
+
| Hospital
+
| Hospital
+
|-
+
| Hpt…
+
| Haupt…
+
| Main
+
|-
+
| Hrgr.
+
| Häusergruppe (n)
+
| Group of houses
+
|-
+
| hzl.
+
| Herzoglich
+
| Of the duke (pertaining to the duke’s possession)
+
|-
+
| Hzt. (...hzt.)
+
| Herzogtum (…herzogtum)
+
| Duchy
+
|-
+
| Ind.
+
| Industrie
+
| Industry
+
|-
+
| Inf.
+
| Infanterie
+
| Infantry
+
|-
+
| Insp.
+
| Inspektion
+
| inspection
+
|-
+
| Inst.
+
| Institut
+
| Institute
+
|-
+
| Int. (...int.)
+
| Intendantur (…intendantur)
+
| Office of the stewart or superintendent (commissariat)
+
|-
+
| J.
+
| Juden, Israelitisch, Israeliten
+
| Jews, Israelitic, Israelites
+
|-
+
| i. L.
+
| Jüngere Linie
+
| Younger line
+
|-
+
| K.
+
| Kirche
+
| Church
+
|-
+
| …k.
+
| …kasse oder, …kirche
+
| Bank, collecting agency, also -church
+
|-
+
| Kam.
+
| Kammer
+
| Chamber (like Chamber of Commerce)
+
|-
+
| Kap.
+
| Kapelle
+
| Chapel
+
|-
+
| Kat.
+
| Kataster
+
| Land register
+
|-
+
| kath., Kath.
+
| Katholisch, Katholiken
+
| Catholic
+
|-
+
| Kav.
+
| Kavallerie
+
| Cavalry
+
|-
+
| Kdo.
+
| Kommando
+
| Command (post)
+
|-
+
| kgl.
+
| Königlich
+
| Royal
+
|-
+
| …khlbgb.
+
| …kohlenbergbau
+
| Coal mine
+
|-
+
| Kl…
+
| Klein…
+
| Little, small (part of place names)
+
|-
+
| Klbn.
+
| Kleinbahn
+
| Narrow-gauge railway
+
|-
+
| km
+
| Kilometer
+
| 1,000 meters=3,280.8 ft. or 5/8 mile
+
|-
+
| Kol.
+
| Kolonie
+
| Colony (usually of small houses)
+
|-
+
| Kom.
+
| Kommandantur
+
| Office and/or residence of commandant
+
|-
+
| Komm.
+
| Kommission
+
| commission
+
|-
+
| Kr.
+
| Kreis
+
| District
+
|-
+
| KredVer.
+
| Kredit-und (od.) Vorschußverein
+
| Loan association
+
|-
+
| Kr.H
+
| Kreishauptmannschaft
+
| Government district
+
|-
+
| KrSt.
+
| Kreisstadt
+
| Capital of Kreis
+
|-
+
| Ksp.
+
| Kirschspiel
+
| Parish
+
|-
+
| Kt.
+
| Kanton
+
| County (state)
+
|-
+
| l.
+
| Links
+
| Left (as opposed to right)
+
|-
+
| L.
+
| Land(es)
+
| Land
+
|-
+
| Ldepl.
+
| Ladeplatz
+
| Loading place or dock
+
|-
+
| LG.
+
| Landgericht
+
| Court (next higher court after Amtsger.)
+
|-
+
| LGem.
+
| Landgemeinde
+
| Rural community
+
|-
+
| LHerr(en)Sch.
+
| Landherr(en)schaft
+
| Possessions of the sovereign
+
|-
+
| LKr.
+
| Landkreis
+
| District
+
|-
+
| Loth.
+
| Lothringen
+
| Lorrain (Alsace-Lorraine)
+
|-
+
| LrA.
+
| Landratsamt
+
| Office of the landrat or county commissioner
+
|-
+
| Lw., lw.
+
| Landwirtschaft, …liche
+
| Farm, farming operation
+
|-
+
| m
+
| Meter über dem Meer
+
| Meters above sea level
+
|-
+
| Mag.
+
| Magazin
+
| Storage room, warehouse
+
|-
+
| Masch.
+
| Maschine(n)
+
| Machine(s)
+
|-
+
| Mdg.
+
| Mündung
+
| Mouth, estuary
+
|-
+
| Meckl.-Schw.
+
| Mecklenburg-Schwerin
+
| Former grand duchy
+
|-
+
| Meckl.-Str.
+
| Mecklenburg-Strelitz
+
| Former grand duchy
+
|-
+
| Mil.
+
| Militär
+
| military
+
|-
+
| Mktfl.
+
| Marktflecken
+
| Small market-town
+
|-
+
| Mkt.Gk.
+
| Marktgerechtigkeit
+
| Market jurisdiction
+
|-
+
| Ml. (…ml.)
+
| Mühle (…mühle)
+
| Mill (or –mill as part of a word)
+
|-
+
| N. (n.)
+
| Norden (nördlich), neben
+
| North, to the north, next to
+
|-
+
| …n.
+
| …nebenstelle
+
| Branch
+
|-
+
| Nd…
+
| Nieder…
+
| Lower (as in Lower Saxony)
+
|-
+
| Neum.
+
| Neumark
+
| Eastern part of the province of Brandenburg
+
|-
+
| NO. (nö)
+
| Nordosten (nordöstlich
+
| Northeast (northeasterly)
+
|-
+
| NW. (nw.)
+
| Nordwestern (nordwestlich)
+
| Northwest (northwesterly)
+
|-
+
| NZA.
+
| Nebenzollamt
+
| Branch custom office
+
|-
+
| O…
+
| Ober…
+
| Upper (as in Upper Silesia)
+
|-
+
| O. (ö.)
+
| Osten (östlich)
+
| East, easterly
+
|-
+
| OA.
+
| Oberamt
+
| Next higher authority after the Amt or (government) office
+
|-
+
| OFörst.
+
| Oberförsterei
+
| Forest service administration office
+
|-
+
| Oldenb.
+
| Oldenburg
+
| Former grand-duchy
+
|-
+
| OLG.
+
| Oberlandesgericht
+
| (in Prussia) highest court in Province
+
|-
+
| OPDIR.
+
| Oberpostdirektion
+
| Higher postal authority
+
|-
+
| Ortsch.
+
| Ortschaft
+
| (inhabited) place
+
|-
+
| Ostpr.
+
| Ostpreußen
+
| East Prussia
+
|-
+
| P
+
| Postanstalt
+
| Post office
+
|-
+
| P
+
| Post und Fernsprecher
+
| Post office with telephone
+
|-
+
| P
+
| Post und Telegraph
+
| Post office with telegraph
+
|-
+
| P
+
| Post, Fernsprecher und Telegraph
+
| Post office with telephone and telegraph
+
|-
+
| PDir.
+
| Postdirektion
+
| Postal authorities
+
|-
+
| Pf…
+
| Pfarr…
+
| Parish- (coupled with another word)
+
|-
+
| Pfk.
+
| Pfarrkirche
+
| Parish church
+
|-
+
| Pomm.
+
| Pommern
+
| Pomerania
+
|-
+
| Pr., pr.
+
| Preußen (Preußisch), preußisch
+
| Prussia, Prussian
+
|-
+
| Präs.
+
| Präsidium
+
| Presidium
+
|-
+
| Prov.
+
| Provinz …(ial)
+
| Province (provincial)
+
|-
+
| Pw.
+
| Personenpostwagen oder autoverkehr
+
| Stage-coach or automobile traffic
+
|-
+
| Pz. (…dt.)
+
| Polizei (distrikt)
+
| Police (district)
+
|-
+
| r.
+
| Rechts
+
| Right
+
|-
+
| R.Raiffbk.
+
| Regierung(s)
+
| Government(al)
+
|-
+
| RB.
+
| Raiffeisenbank
+
| Rural loan institution named after Raiffeisen, the founder
+
|-
+
| Rbkh.
+
| Regierungsbezirk
+
| Administrative district (within the province)
+
|-
+
| Rbkn.
+
| Reichsbankhauptstelle
+
| Major office of the national bank
+
|-
+
| Rbkn.
+
| Reichsbanknebenstelle
+
| Branch office of the national bank
+
|-
+
| Rbkst.
+
| Reichsbankstelle
+
| Office of the national bank
+
|-
+
| Ref.
+
| Reformierte
+
| Reformed (church)
+
|-
+
| Reg.
+
| Regiment
+
| Regiment
+
|-
+
| Rg.
+
| Rittergut
+
| Landed estate
+
|-
+
| Rheinl.
+
| Rheinland, -provinz
+
| Rhineland (also the Rhine province)
+
|-
+
| Ritt.
+
| Ritterschaft(s)
+
| Knighthood, knightly
+
|-
+
| S.
+
| Sankt
+
| Saint (St.) in connection with place names, churches and foundations
+
|-
+
| s. (a.)
+
| siehe (auch)
+
| See or look for (also) meaning look under a second reference
+
|-
+
| S. (s.)
+
| Süden (südlich)
+
| South (southern)
+
|-
+
| Sa.
+
| Sachsen(Staat)
+
| Saxony, (state)
+
|-
+
| Sa.-A.
+
| Sachsen-Altenburg
+
| Saxony-Altenburg
+
|-
+
| Sa.-C.-G.
+
| Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha
+
| Saxony-Coburg-Gotha former duchy
+
|-
+
| Sa.-M.
+
| Sachsen-Meiningen
+
| Saxony-Meiningen former duchy
+
|-
+
| Sa.-W.-E
+
| Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach
+
| Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach former duchy
+
|-
+
| Sanat.
+
| Sanatorium
+
| Sanitarium
+
|-
+
| Sch.,…sch.
+
| Schule, …schule
+
| School, -school
+
|-
+
| Schaumb.-L.
+
| Schaumburg-Lippe
+
| Former principality
+
|-
+
| Schiff.
+
| Schiffahrt(s)
+
| Naval, maritime
+
|-
+
| Schl.
+
| Schleuse
+
| Sluice (lock)
+
|-
+
| Schles.
+
| Schlesien
+
| Silesia
+
|-
+
| Schlesw.-Holst.
+
| Schleswig-Holstein
+
| Schleswig-Holstein; former province of Prussia
+
|-
+
| Schwarzb.-Rud.
+
| Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
+
| Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, former principality
+
|-
+
| Schwarzb.-Sond.
+
| Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
+
| Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, former principality
+
|-
+
| SchwG.
+
| Schwurgericht
+
| Court with a jury
+
|-
+
| Sem.
+
| Seminar
+
| Seminary (not always religious)
+
|-
+
| Slg.
+
| Sammlung
+
| Collection
+
|-
+
| SO. (sö.)
+
| Südosten (südöstlich)
+
| Southeast, southeastern (-easterly)
+
|-
+
| Soz.
+
| Sozietät
+
| Society, (usually commercial) corporation
+
|-
+
| SpDrl.
+
| Spar- u. Darlehnskassenverein
+
| Savings and loan union (non-profit)
+
|-
+
| Spk.
+
| Sparkasse
+
| Savings bank
+
|-
+
| St.
+
| Stadt (städtisch
+
| City (municipal)
+
|-
+
| Stat.
+
| Station
+
| Station
+
|-
+
| StdA.
+
| Standesamt
+
| Civil registrar’s office
+
|-
+
| StKr.
+
| Stadtkreis
+
| Area included in municipal administration district, as opposed to rural or county government which would be “Landkreis”
+
|-
+
| Strbn. (…verz.)
+
| Straßenbahn (…verzeichnis)
+
| Tramway (…register)
+
|-
+
| Sv.
+
| Servisklasse
+
| Inhabitants receiving government subsidy to pay for the cost of housing (since 1906)
+
|-
+
| svw.
+
| Sovielwie
+
| As much as
+
|-
+
| SW. (sw.)
+
| Südwesten, (südwestlich)
+
| Southwest, southwesterly
+
|-
+
| Syn.
+
| Synagoge
+
| Synagogue
+
|-
+
| T
+
| Posttelegraph
+
| Telegraph office, in Germany under postal administration
+
|-
+
| E
+
| Eisenbahntelegraph auf der station
+
| Railway telegraph at the station
+
|-
+
| F
+
| Fernsprecher und Telegraph
+
| Telephone and telegraph
+
|-
+
| P
+
| Post, Fernsprecher und Telegraph
+
| Post office and telegraph
+
|-
+
| P
+
| Post und Telegraph
+
| Post office and telegraph
+
|-
+
| Thür.
+
| Thüringen
+
| Thuringia
+
|-
+
| u…
+
| Und
+
| And
+
|-
+
| u…
+
| Unter…
+
| Under, but here pertaining to terrain or territory, like Unterfranken = Lower Franconia, as opposed to Oberfranken = Upper Franconia
+
|-
+
| usw.
+
| Und so weiter
+
| And so forth
+
|-
+
| uSt.
+
| Unmittelbare Stadt
+
| Vicinity of a city or town
+
|-
+
| v.
+
| Von
+
| Of
+
|-
+
| Ver. (e)
+
| Verein(e)
+
| Club, society, union (“e” denotes plural)
+
|-
+
| Vers.
+
| Versicherung
+
| Insurance
+
|-
+
| Verw.
+
| Verwaltung
+
| Administration
+
|-
+
| Vw.
+
| Vorwerk
+
| Residence and/or farm of the administrator of a landed estate on an outlying tract of land
+
|-
+
| …w
+
| ...waren in Verbindung mit Fbr.
+
| Goods or merchandise in connection with Fbr. (see there)
+
|-
+
| …w. (we.)
+
| ...werk (werke)
+
| - works (such as water works)
+
|-
+
| W. (w.)
+
| Westen, westlich
+
| West, westerly
+
|-
+
| Westf.
+
| Westfalen
+
| Westphalia
+
|-
+
| Westpr.
+
| Westpreußen
+
| West Prussia
+
|-
+
| Wlr.
+
| Weiler
+
| Hamlet
+
|-
+
| Wp.
+
| Wohnplatz
+
| Residence
+
|-
+
| Wst. (...wst.)
+
| Werkstätte (…werkstätte)
+
| Shop (such as blacksmith shop)
+
|-
+
| Württ.
+
| Württemberg
+
| Former kingdom
+
|-
+
| Z.
+
| Zoll
+
| Custom, duty
+
|-
+
| ZA.
+
| Zollamt
+
| Customs office
+
|-
+
| Zgl.
+
| Ziegelei
+
| Brick works, tile works
+
|-
+
| Zh.
+
| Zollhaus
+
| Custom house
+
|-
+
| Zk.
+
| Zinken
+
| Outlying farm (hamlet)
+
|-
+
| zw.
+
| Zwischen
+
| Between
+
|-
+
| <nowiki>[……]</nowiki>
+
| Verkehrsanstalt nur zu gewisser Zeit tätig
+
| Station (railway, bus, etc.) operating only at certain times
+
|-
+
| <nowiki>*……..</nowiki>
+
| Siehe dieses
+
| See this
+
|-
+
|
+
|
+
|
+
|}
+
 
+
Abbreviation,&nbsp;&nbsp; German&nbsp;&nbsp;and English Translation&nbsp;
+
 
+
A Amt: (Amtsbezirk) Government office, official district<br>Ab.(e.): Abbau(e) oder Ausbau(e), Surface mine (the “e“ denotes plural)<br>Abt.: &nbsp;Abteilung, Department<br>a/d: An der, auf der, At the, on the, like “Cologne on the Rhine”<br>Ag: ag. Agentur, …agentur Agency, …agency (as part of a word)<br>AG: Amtsgericht, Lower court, county court<br>AH: Amtshauptmannschaft, Government district<br>AK: Armeekorps, Army corps<br>AktGes: Aktiengesellschaft Corporation, (an “Aktie”=a share of stock)<br>ä.L.: Ältere Linie, Older line<br>AllGut: Allodialgut, Allodial estate<br>Anh.: Anhalt, Former duchy<br>Ansdl.: Ansiedlung, Settlement<br>Anst.: …anst. Anstalt, …anstalt Institute, institution (also as part of a word)<br>Arb.: Arbeiter, Laborer, worker<br>Art.: Artillerie, Artillery<br>Ausg.: Ausgaben, Expenditures<br>B.: Bezirk, District or area<br>BA.: Bezirksamt, District office<br>Bat.: Bataillon, Battalion<br>Batt.: Batterie, Battery<br>Bay.: Bayern, Bavaria<br>Bgd.: …bgb. Bergbau, …bergbau Mine, mining, also with other word …salt, coal, etc.<br>BGrem.: Bezirksgremium, District council<br>Bgw.: Bergwerk, Mine<br>Bhf.: Bahnhof, Railroad station<br>Bibl.: Bibliothek, Library<br>Bk. Bank Bank (financial institution)<br>BRdo.: Bezirkskommando, District command (military)<br>Bn., bn.: Bahn, …bahn, Railroad (train)<br>Brandbg.: Brandenburg, Former province of Prussia<br>Braunschw.: Braunschweig, Former duchy
+
 
+
bre.: …brüche, Quarries, pits<br>Brgm.: Bürgermeister (ei), Burgermaster, mayor – office of the mayor<br>Brig.: Brigade, Brigade<br>Bsch.: Bauerschaft, Homestead<br>Bz.: Beziehungsweise, Or, respective<br>D: Dampfer-oder Motorbootverbindung, Steamer or motor boat connection<br>SD: “in der Saison, Sommer, only during the summer season<br>das.: daselbst, There, at the previously mentioned place<br>D.:, Dr. Dorf, Dörfer, Village, villages<br>Dir. (…dir.) Direktion (…direktion) Management, head office, office of the director<br>Drl. Darlehen Loan<br>Dom. Domäne, Dominium, Domanial State-owned estate<br>dsgl. Desgleichen The same or pertaining to the immediately preceding<br>...dt. …Distrikt …district<br>E Eisenbahnstation oder Haltestelle Railroad station or stop<br>E - mit Personen-und Güterverkehr - with passenger and goods traffic<br>EGt - mit Bahntelegraph - with telegraph<br>EGt - nur mit Güterbeförderung - only with transportation of goods<br>EPs - nur mit Personenverkehr - only with passenger traffic<br>E† - mit Eisenbahnauskunftsstelle - with railroad information desk<br>E. Einwohner Population<br>Ein. Einöde Wilderness, lonely spot<br>Einn., einn. Einnahme oder einnehmerei Clerk’s (usually tax) office<br>Eis. Eisenbahn Train<br>Elktr. Ort hat Elektrizitätsquelle Place has electric power source<br>Elktrw. Elektrizitätswerk Power plant<br>Els. Elsaß Alsace<br>Esk. Eskadron Squadron<br>Etabl. Etablissement Establishment<br>Ev., Ev. Evangelisch, Evangelische Evangelical (in Germany usually Lutheran)<br>F Fernsprecher Telephone<br>F Fernsprecher und Telegraph Telephone and telegraph<br>Fbr., fbr. Fabrik, fabrikation Factory, manufacturing plant<br>Fil. Filiale Branch<br>Fl. Flecken Country-town<br>Först. Försterei Forest ranger station (residence)<br>fr. Früher Formerly<br>Frht. Freiheit Market-town (country-town)<br>Fürstt. Fürstentum Principality<br>G. Gericht Court<br>Garn. Garnison Garrison<br>GB. Gerichtsbezirk Court district<br>Gef. Gefängnis Jail<br>geh. Gehörig Belonging (to)<br>Gem. Gemeinde Community (village)<br>Gen. General… General<br>Genoss. Genossenschaft Cooperative<br>Ges. Gesellschaft Society<br>Gew., gew. Gewerbe, gewerblich(e) Trade<br>glchn. Gleichnamig By the same name<br>Gr… Groß Great (part of place name)<br>Gsth. Gast-, Wirtshaus, Krug Inn, pub, tavern, overnight lodging<br>GTg. Gerichtstag Jurisdictional area of a court<br>Gymn. Gymnasium Academically oriented high school<br>H., Hr. Haus, Häuser House, houses<br>…h …haus, …heim (as part of a word) – house, - home<br>Hann. Hannover Hanover, former province of Prussia<br>Hdl. Handel(s) Commerce, also business establishment<br>Herrsch. Herrschaft Manor, estate, domain<br>Hessen-N. Hessen-Nassau Former province of Prussia<br>Hf. Hafen Harbor, port<br>Hosp. Hospital Hospital<br>Hpt… Haupt… Main<br>Hrgr. Häusergruppe (n) Group of houses<br>hzl. Herzoglich Of the duke (pertaining to the duke’s possession)<br>Hzt. (...hzt.) Herzogtum (…herzogtum) Duchy<br>Ind. Industrie Industry<br>Inf. Infanterie Infantry<br>Insp. Inspektion inspection<br>Inst. Institut Institute<br>Int. (...int.) Intendantur (…intendantur) Office of the stewart or superintendent (commissariat)<br>J. Juden, Israelitisch, Israeliten Jews, Israelitic, Israelites<br>i. L. Jüngere Linie Younger line<br>K. Kirche Church<br>…k. …kasse oder, …kirche Bank, collecting agency, also -church<br>Kam. Kammer Chamber (like Chamber of Commerce)<br>Kap. Kapelle Chapel<br>Kat. Kataster Land register<br>kath., Kath. Katholisch, Katholiken Catholic<br>Kav. Kavallerie Cavalry<br>Kdo. Kommando Command (post)<br>kgl. Königlich Royal<br>…khlbgb. …kohlenbergbau Coal mine<br>Kl… Klein… Little, small (part of place names)<br>Klbn. Kleinbahn Narrow-gauge railway<br>km Kilometer 1,000 meters=3,280.8 ft. or 5/8 mile<br>Kol. Kolonie Colony (usually of small houses)<br>Kom. Kommandantur Office and/or residence of commandant<br>Komm. Kommission commission<br>Kr. Kreis District<br>KredVer. Kredit-und (od.) Vorschußverein Loan association<br>Kr.H Kreishauptmannschaft Government district<br>KrSt. Kreisstadt Capital of Kreis<br>Ksp. Kirschspiel Parish<br>Kt. Kanton County (state)<br>l. Links Left (as opposed to right)<br>L. Land(es) Land<br>Ldepl. Ladeplatz Loading place or dock<br>LG. Landgericht Court (next higher court after Amtsger.)<br>LGem. Landgemeinde Rural community<br>LHerr(en)Sch. Landherr(en)schaft Possessions of the sovereign<br>LKr. Landkreis District<br>Loth. Lothringen Lorrain (Alsace-Lorraine)<br>LrA. Landratsamt Office of the landrat or county commissioner<br>Lw., lw. Landwirtschaft, …liche Farm, farming operation<br>m Meter über dem Meer Meters above sea level<br>Mag. Magazin Storage room, warehouse<br>Masch. Maschine(n) Machine(s)<br>Mdg. Mündung Mouth, estuary<br>Meckl.-Schw. Mecklenburg-Schwerin Former grand duchy<br>Meckl.-Str. Mecklenburg-Strelitz Former grand duchy<br>Mil. Militär military<br>Mktfl. Marktflecken Small market-town<br>Mkt.Gk. Marktgerechtigkeit Market jurisdiction<br>Ml. (…ml.) Mühle (…mühle) Mill (or –mill as part of a word)<br>N. (n.) Norden (nördlich), neben North, to the north, next to<br>…n. …nebenstelle Branch<br>Nd… Nieder… Lower (as in Lower Saxony)<br>Neum. Neumark Eastern part of the province of Brandenburg<br>NO. (nö) Nordosten (nordöstlich Northeast (northeasterly)<br>NW. (nw.) Nordwestern (nordwestlich) Northwest (northwesterly)<br>NZA. Nebenzollamt Branch custom office<br>O… Ober… Upper (as in Upper Silesia)<br>O. (ö.) Osten (östlich) East, easterly<br>OA. Oberamt Next higher authority after the Amt or (government) office<br>OFörst. Oberförsterei Forest service administration office<br>Oldenb. Oldenburg Former grand-duchy<br>OLG. Oberlandesgericht (in Prussia) highest court in Province<br>OPDIR. Oberpostdirektion Higher postal authority<br>Ortsch. Ortschaft (inhabited) place<br>Ostpr. Ostpreußen East Prussia<br>P Postanstalt Post office<br>P Post und Fernsprecher Post office with telephone<br>P Post und Telegraph Post office with telegraph<br>P Post, Fernsprecher und Telegraph Post office with telephone and telegraph<br>PDir. Postdirektion Postal authorities<br>Pf… Pfarr… Parish- (coupled with another word)<br>Pfk. Pfarrkirche Parish church<br>Pomm. Pommern Pomerania<br>Pr., pr. Preußen (Preußisch), preußisch Prussia, Prussian<br>Präs. Präsidium Presidium<br>Prov. Provinz …(ial) Province (provincial)<br>Pw. Personenpostwagen oder autoverkehr Stage-coach or automobile traffic<br>Pz. (…dt.) Polizei (distrikt) Police (district)<br>r. Rechts Right<br>R.Raiffbk. Regierung(s) Government(al)<br>RB. Raiffeisenbank Rural loan institution named after Raiffeisen, the founder<br>Rbkh. Regierungsbezirk Administrative district (within the province)<br>Rbkn. Reichsbankhauptstelle Major office of the national bank<br>Rbkn. Reichsbanknebenstelle Branch office of the national bank<br>Rbkst. Reichsbankstelle Office of the national bank<br>Ref. Reformierte Reformed (church)<br>Reg. Regiment Regiment<br>Rg. Rittergut Landed estate<br>Rheinl. Rheinland, -provinz Rhineland (also the Rhine province)<br>Ritt. Ritterschaft(s) Knighthood, knightly<br>S. Sankt Saint (St.) in connection with place names, churches and foundations<br>s. (a.) siehe (auch) See or look for (also) meaning look under a second reference<br>S. (s.) Süden (südlich) South (southern)<br>Sa. Sachsen(Staat) Saxony, (state)<br>Sa.-A. Sachsen-Altenburg Saxony-Altenburg<br>Sa.-C.-G. Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha Saxony-Coburg-Gotha former duchy<br>Sa.-M. Sachsen-Meiningen Saxony-Meiningen former duchy<br>Sa.-W.-E Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach former duchy<br>Sanat. Sanatorium Sanitarium<br>Sch.,…sch. Schule, …schule School, -school<br>Schaumb.-L. Schaumburg-Lippe Former principality<br>Schiff. Schiffahrt(s) Naval, maritime<br>Schl. Schleuse Sluice (lock)<br>Schles. Schlesien Silesia<br>Schlesw.-Holst. Schleswig-Holstein Schleswig-Holstein; former province of Prussia<br>Schwarzb.-Rud. Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, former principality<br>Schwarzb.-Sond. Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, former principality<br>SchwG. Schwurgericht Court with a jury<br>Sem. Seminar Seminary (not always religious)<br>Slg. Sammlung Collection<br>SO. (sö.) Südosten (südöstlich) Southeast, southeastern (-easterly)<br>Soz. Sozietät Society, (usually commercial) corporation<br>SpDrl. Spar- u. Darlehnskassenverein Savings and loan union (non-profit)<br>Spk. Sparkasse Savings bank<br>St. Stadt (städtisch City (municipal)<br>Stat. Station Station<br>StdA. Standesamt Civil registrar’s office<br>StKr. Stadtkreis Area included in municipal administration district, as opposed to rural or county government which would be “Landkreis”<br>Strbn. (…verz.) Straßenbahn (…verzeichnis) Tramway (…register)<br>Sv. Servisklasse Inhabitants receiving government subsidy to pay for the cost of housing (since 1906)<br>svw. Sovielwie As much as<br>SW. (sw.) Südwesten, (südwestlich) Southwest, southwesterly<br>Syn. Synagoge Synagogue<br>T Posttelegraph Telegraph office, in Germany under postal administration<br>E Eisenbahntelegraph auf der station Railway telegraph at the station<br>F Fernsprecher und Telegraph Telephone and telegraph<br>P Post, Fernsprecher und Telegraph Post office and telegraph<br>P Post und Telegraph Post office and telegraph<br>Thür. Thüringen Thuringia<br>u… Und And<br>u… Unter… Under, but here pertaining to terrain or territory, like Unterfranken = Lower Franconia, as opposed to Oberfranken = Upper Franconia<br>usw. Und so weiter And so forth<br>uSt. Unmittelbare Stadt Vicinity of a city or town<br>v. Von Of<br>Ver. (e) Verein(e) Club, society, union (“e” denotes plural)<br>Vers. Versicherung Insurance<br>Verw. Verwaltung Administration<br>Vw. Vorwerk Residence and/or farm of the administrator of a landed estate on an outlying tract of land<br>…w ...waren in Verbindung mit Fbr. Goods or merchandise in connection with Fbr. (see there)<br>…w. (we.) ...werk (werke) - works (such as water works)<br>W. (w.) Westen, westlich West, westerly<br>Westf. Westfalen Westphalia<br>Westpr. Westpreußen West Prussia<br>Wlr. Weiler Hamlet<br>Wp. Wohnplatz Residence<br>Wst. (...wst.) Werkstätte (…werkstätte) Shop (such as blacksmith shop)<br>Württ. Württemberg Former kingdom<br>Z. Zoll Custom, duty<br>ZA. Zollamt Customs office<br>Zgl. Ziegelei Brick works, tile works<br>Zh. Zollhaus Custom house<br>Zk. Zinken Outlying farm (hamlet)<br>zw. Zwischen Between<br>[……] Verkehrsanstalt nur zu gewisser Zeit tätig Station (railway, bus, etc.) operating only at certain times<br>*…….. Siehe dieses See this<br>
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<br>
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Words having the ending …erei; …isch; …ungs are abbreviated with a period (.) (thus these endings will have to be added to make the word). Example: Fischerei = Fisch.; Wendisch =Wend. The words ending in …lich are abbreviated after the “l” by a period. Example: nördlich = nrdl.
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Population figures after place names, if printed in italics indicate that the census figures of 1905 were used, rather than the 1910 figures, used otherwise throughout the book.
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Latest revision as of 18:41, 13 July 2009