Adoption in Denmark
When looking for a adoption case, you need adoptive parents' names, since it is those that are in the records. Adoption records can be located where the adoptive parents live, not where the child was born.
Until 1923 adoptions were granted by the following central authorities:
- 1848 Danish Chancellery 1848 - 1923 Ministry of Justice
Both authorities' archives can be found at the National Archives.
In the other archives, such as the county archives - you will often only find only a letter from the Ministry of Justice of the decision. This letter contains an effective date and a file number which can be obtained by contacting the National Archives. You could also go directly to the National Archives and use the annual records from the above authorities and find the same information.
Before the middle of the 1800s it would be best to know when the adoption took place, the registers were kept in chronological order, i.e. all cases were entered one after the other as they were received. When you look at the register, it is advised that you look at the back for the listing by name. It will save you a great deal of time.
After 1923 adoptions were granted by the counties, unless the adoption took place in Copenhagen. In Copenhagen, it is the Prefect who handle those cases. The entry point to the proceedings in each case is the register. Here you can find references to other files, if the case is dealt with by other authorities or Mothers Help.
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