Difference between revisions of "African American Freedmen's Bureau Records"

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
m
m
Line 71: Line 71:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Select Series of Records issued by the Commissioner, 1865-1872
+
| Select Series of Records issued by the Commissioner, 1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M742  
 
| M742  
Line 78: Line 78:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Register and Letters Received by the Commissioner, 1865-1872 
+
| Register and Letters Received by the Commissioner, 1865-1872   
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M752  
 
| M752  
Line 85: Line 85:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Records of Education Division, 1865-1871
+
| Records of Education Division, 1865-1871  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M803  
 
| M803  
Line 92: Line 92:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| US Court of Claims Docket Cards for Congressional Case Files, ca. 1884-1943
+
| US Court of Claims Docket Cards for Congressional Case Files, ca. 1884-1943  
 
| 123  
 
| 123  
 
| M2007  
 
| M2007  
Line 99: Line 99:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Marriage Records of Office of Commissioner, Washington Headquarters, 1861-1869
+
| Marriage Records of Office of Commissioner, Washington Headquarters, 1861-1869  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1875  
 
| M1875  
Line 108: Line 108:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Alabama'''  
 
| '''Alabama'''  
| Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1850-1870  
+
| Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1850-1870    
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M979  
 
| M979  
Line 124: Line 124:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872
+
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1900  
 
| M1900  
Line 138: Line 138:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Arkansas'''  
 
| '''Arkansas'''  
| Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869
+
| Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M979  
 
| M979  
Line 145: Line 145:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Records of Superintendant of Education, 1865-1871
+
| Records of Superintendant of Education, 1865-1871  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M980  
 
| M980  
Line 152: Line 152:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Records of Field Office,1865-1872
+
| Records of Field Office,1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1901  
 
| M1901  
Line 166: Line 166:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Delaware'''  
 
| '''Delaware'''  
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872
+
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1906  
 
| M1906  
Line 180: Line 180:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''District of Columbia'''  
 
| '''District of Columbia'''  
| Assistant Comm.
+
| Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1055  
 
| M1055  
Line 187: Line 187:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Sup. of Education  
+
| Records of Superintendant of Education, 1865-1872 
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1056  
 
| M1056  
Line 194: Line 194:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Field Office  
+
| Records of Field Office,1865-1870
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1902  
 
| M1902  
Line 208: Line 208:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Florida'''  
 
| '''Florida'''  
| Assistant Comm.
+
| Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1872
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1869  
 
| M1869  
Line 222: Line 222:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Georgia'''  
 
| '''Georgia'''  
| Assistant Comm.
+
| Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M798  
 
| M798  
Line 229: Line 229:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Sup. of Education  
+
| Records of Supintendant of Education, 1865-1870
 
| 195  
 
| 195  
 
| M799  
 
| M799  
Line 236: Line 236:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Field Office  
+
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1903  
 
| M1903  
Line 250: Line 250:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Kentucky'''  
 
| '''Kentucky'''  
| Field Office  
+
| Records of Field Office. 1865-1872
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1904  
 
| M1904  
Line 264: Line 264:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Louisiana'''  
 
| '''Louisiana'''  
| Sup. of Education  
+
| Records of Supintendant of Education, 1865-1869
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1026  
 
| M1026  
Line 272: Line 272:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Assistant  
+
Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869 
 
 
Comm.
 
  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
|  
 
|  
M1027  
+
M1027
 
 
<br>
 
 
 
<br>
 
  
 
| 1498662  
 
| 1498662  
Line 288: Line 282:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Field Office  
+
| Records of Field Office, 1863-1873&nbsp;
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1905  
 
| M1905  
Line 295: Line 289:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''New Orleans, Louisiana'''  
 
| '''New Orleans, Louisiana'''  
| Field Office  
+
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1869
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1483  
 
| M1483  
Line 309: Line 303:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Maryland'''  
 
| '''Maryland'''  
| Field Office  
+
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1906  
 
| M1906  
Line 324: Line 318:
 
| '''Mississippi'''  
 
| '''Mississippi'''  
 
|  
 
|  
Assitant Comm.
+
Records of Assitant Commissioner, 1863-1869
  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
Line 332: Line 326:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Field Office  
+
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1907  
 
| M1907  
Line 340: Line 334:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Assistant Comm. (Pre Bureau Records)
+
Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1863-1865&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; ("Pre Bureau Records")
  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
Line 355: Line 349:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Missouri'''  
 
| '''Missouri'''  
| Field Office  
+
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1908  
 
| M1908  
Line 369: Line 363:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''North Carolina'''  
 
| '''North Carolina'''  
| Assistant Comm.
+
| Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1862-1879
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M843  
 
| M843  
Line 376: Line 370:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Sup. Education  
+
| Records of Supintendant of Education, 1864-1869
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M844  
 
| M844  
Line 383: Line 377:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Field Office  
+
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1909  
 
| M1909  
Line 397: Line 391:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''South Carolina'''  
 
| '''South Carolina'''  
| Assistant Comm.
+
| Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1870
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M869  
 
| M869  
Line 404: Line 398:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Assistant Comm.
+
| Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| T999  
 
| T999  
Line 411: Line 405:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Field Office  
+
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872&nbsp;
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1910  
 
| M1910  
Line 425: Line 419:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Tennessee'''  
 
| '''Tennessee'''  
| Sup. of Education  
+
| Records of Superintendant of Education, 1865-1870&nbsp;
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1000  
 
| M1000  
Line 432: Line 426:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Field Office  
+
| Records of Field Office,&nbsp;1865-1872&nbsp;
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1911  
 
| M1911  
Line 439: Line 433:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Selected Records of&nbsp;Field Office  
+
| Selected Records of&nbsp;Field Office, 1865-1872
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| T142  
 
| T142  
Line 447: Line 441:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
 
|  
Assistant Comm.&nbsp;
+
Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869&nbsp;
  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
Line 462: Line 456:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Texas'''  
 
| '''Texas'''  
| Assistant Comm.
+
| Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M821  
 
| M821  
Line 469: Line 463:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Sup. of Education  
+
| Records Superintendant of Education, 1865-1870
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M822  
 
| M822  
Line 476: Line 470:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Field Office  
+
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872&nbsp;
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1912  
 
| M1912  
Line 489: Line 483:
 
|  
 
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| '''West Virgina'''  
+
| '''Virgina'''  
| Assistant Comm.
+
| Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1048  
 
| M1048  
Line 497: Line 491:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Sup. of Education  
+
| Records of Sup. of Education, 1865-1870&nbsp;
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1053  
 
| M1053  
Line 504: Line 498:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
| Field Office  
+
| Records of Field Office,&nbsp;1865-1872&nbsp;
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1913  
 
| M1913  

Revision as of 13:15, 2 April 2009

United States  > African American Research  > Freedmen's Bureau

Definition

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts; aid involved: education (4,300 schools were established), Health Care (100 hospitals were established), issued food and clothing,operated refugee camps, helped legalize marriages, employment, supervised labor contracts, worked with African American soldiers and sailors and their heirs to secure back pay , bounty payments and pensions. for newly freed African Americans (four million), and to supervise confiscated Southern properties.

Value

Because the Bureau's records 1865-1872 contain a wide range of data about the African American experience during slavery and freedom, they are a valuable source for the black family historian. Among the records are registers that give the names, ages, and former occupations of freedmen and names and residences of former owners. In addition, there are marriage registers that provide the names, addresses, ages, and complexions of husbands and wives and their children. For some states there are census lists, details of labor and apprenticeship agreements, back pay records, complaint registers, personal data about black soldiers (including company and regiment), school records, hospital registers, census records, and records of murders committed against freedmen.


Challenges in Using the Records:

The records are not indexed. 

The record type and quality vary with each state, field office to field office. 

Name changes

Not all records survived or are available in searchable formats.

Jurisdictions

This bureau operated in all the states of: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky,  Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolin, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia  West Virginia, and Indian Territory (i.e. Oklahoma) and has records from 1861 to the 1870s. The Freedmen’s Bureau created records at headquarters in Washington, DC,  state records and field agents.

There are three sets of records:

1 Commissioner’s records,

2 Superintendent of Education

3 Field office records (local)—normally the most useful. However, the commissioner’s records contain lists and reports such as two linear feet of marriage papers. Records from the field offices vary from state to state. Since most freedmen contacted the bureau at the local level, you will find the most genealogical data and clues in field office records

Arrangement

The Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Field Offices of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands: Record Group 105 by Elaine Everly and Willna Pacheli of the National Archives [FHL book 973 F23ea; fiche 6002638-40] describes the bureau’s records. They are organized alphabetically by state, thereunder by offices, and thereunder by county or town. Part One is about Alabama, Arkansas (including the Oklahoma Indian Territory), the District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, and Louisiana. Part Two is about Maryland and Delaware, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, and South Carolina. Part Three is about Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and the Freedmen's branch at of the Adjutant General's Office.

|

Availability

Most of the subordinate field office records, with the exception of selected records for New Orleans and Tennessee have not been microfilmed and are only available at the National Archives in Washington, DC. For a list of Freedmen’s Bureau records that are microfilmed see the Black Studies: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications [FHL book 973 A3bs; fiche 6002413; and on the Internet]. www.archives.gov./genealogy/heritage/aficanamerican

The Family History Library has many of the Freedmen’s Bureau microfilmed records. The microfilm numbers for most of these records can be found in the Family History Library Catalog Keyword Search using the search phrase “Bureau of Refugees” www.FamilySearch.org


Records of Bureau of Refugees, Freedman and Abandoned Lands and Freedman's Saving and Trust Company Available at the Family History Library
State

Record Type

Record Group NARA

FHLC

first film or fiche #

Number of films
National Preliminary Invventory of records of the Filed Offices Pt. 1 Alabama-Louisiana, Pt. 2 Maryland-South Carolina, and Pt. 3 Tennessee-Virginia  105 6002638 3 fiche
Select Series of Records issued by the Commissioner, 1865-1872 105 M742 491550   7 rolls
Register and Letters Received by the Commissioner, 1865-1872  105 M752 908680 74 rolls
Records of Education Division, 1865-1871 105 M803 1695186 35 rolls
US Court of Claims Docket Cards for Congressional Case Files, ca. 1884-1943 123 M2007 unavailable  5 rolls
Marriage Records of Office of Commissioner, Washington Headquarters, 1861-1869 105 M1875 2425252  5 rolls
Alabama Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1850-1870   105 M979 1498698 52 rolls

Records of Superintendant of Education, 1865-1870

105 M810 1695841  8 rolls
Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1900 2424719 34 rolls
Arkansas Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869 105 M979 1498698 52 rolls
Records of Superintendant of Education, 1865-1871 105 M980 1695811 5 rolls
Records of Field Office,1865-1872 105 M1901 2424753 23 rolls
Delaware Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1906 2424887 42 rolls
District of Columbia Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869 105 M1055 1605536 21 rolls
Records of Superintendant of Education, 1865-1872  105 M1056 1617650 24 rolls
Records of Field Office,1865-1870 105 M1902 2424776 21 rolls
Florida Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1872 105 M1869 2425908 15 rolls
Georgia Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869 105 M798 1498626 36 rolls
Records of Supintendant of Education, 1865-1870 195 M799 1685269 28 rolls
Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1903 1574209 90 rolls
Kentucky Records of Field Office. 1865-1872 105 M1904 2425923 133 rolls
Louisiana Records of Supintendant of Education, 1865-1869 105 M1026 1695273 12 rolls

Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869 

105

M1027

1498662 36 rolls
Records of Field Office, 1863-1873  105 M1905 2426056 111 rolls
New Orleans, Louisiana Records of Field Office, 1865-1869 105 M1483 1604921 10 rolls
Maryland Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1906 2424887 42 rolls
Mississippi

Records of Assitant Commissioner, 1863-1869

105 M826 1616440 50 rolls
Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1907 2428148 65 rolls

Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1863-1865      ("Pre Bureau Records")

105 M1914 2424701 5 rolls
Missouri Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1908 2426982 24 rolls
North Carolina Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1862-1879 105 M843 1616841 38 rolls
Records of Supintendant of Education, 1864-1869 105 M844 1695567 16 rolls
Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1909 2427006 78 rolls
South Carolina Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1870 105 M869 unavailable 44 rolls
Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869 105 T999 1616490 34 rolls
Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  105 M1910 2427084 106 rolls
Tennessee Records of Superintendant of Education, 1865-1870  105 M1000 1685219 9 rolls
Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  105 M1911 2427190 89 rolls
Selected Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 T142 1616879 73 rolls

Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869 

105 M999 1616490 34 rolls
Texas Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869 105 M821 1503542 32 rolls
Records Superintendant of Education, 1865-1870 105 M822 1695168 18 rolls
Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  105 M1912 2427279 28 rolls
Virgina Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869 105 M1048 1601562 67 rolls
Records of Sup. of Education, 1865-1870  105 M1053 1549578 20 rolls
Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  105 M1913 2413534 203 rolls



Reference

Washington,Reginald. Black Family Research; Records of Post-Civil War Federal Agencies at the National Archives Reference Information Paper 108. National Archives and Records Administration Washington, D.C. Revised 2006.          FHL 973 F27w

Freedmen's Bureau Online

The Freedmen’s Bureau Online Internet site includes numerous online database indexes. Select among the variety of databases mostly based on locality or by topic such as marriages, labor contracts, or murders. However, this online site does not include all the available records from the Freedmen's Bureau.

Content

  • Records Relating to Murders
  • Records Relating to Freedmen's Labor
  • Marriage Records: Most of these records are divided up by the state, then by the area, and then by the marriage date, month, or year of marriage. (These records can be found on the homepage under the contents heading at the left of the screen.)
  • To find state-specific collections, go to the homepage and there is a list of states under the contents heading at the middle left of the screen. (Examples of some of these collections are: Alabama: Petition of Colored Citizens from Mobile, Alabama; Mississippi: Registers of Indentures of Colored Orphans, Aug. 1865 - May 1866; Tennessee: Index to Freedman's  Labor Contracts between Tennessee Freedmen and employers in Kentucky.)

Using this site

Type a surname or name or term in question in the search site box. (Examples: Jones, Smith, etc. for surname searches OR land, marriages, etc. for keyword searches)

  1. Documents which seem a “best” match appears.
  2. Click on desired match.

Tips

  • This site lists many other search sites for African American histories and genealogy websites.
  • Their on-line bookstore carries many useful books of interest.

Other Web Sites


Freedman's Bank <  Previous  |  Next  > Funeral Homes