Difference between revisions of "African American Freedmen's Bureau Records"

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[African American Research|African American Research ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] Freedmen's Bureau''  
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{{AfrAm-sidebar}}''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[African American Research|African American Research&nbsp;]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] Freedmen's Bureau'' <br>
  
== Definition  ==
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{| style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; border: none;"
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| The Bureau's records (Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands), kept from 1865-1872, contain a wide range of data about the African American experience during slavery and freedom. Therefore, they are a valuable source for the black family historian. Refugees include many in the local white population.<br> {{Click|Image:AA_ORP.png|African American Online Genealogy Records|right}}
  
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts; aid involved: education (4,300 schools were established), health care (100 hospitals were established), issued food and clothing,operated refugee camps, helped legalize marriages, employment, supervised labor contracts, worked with African American soldiers and sailors and their heirs to secure back pay, bounty payments and pensions, for newly freed African Americans (four million), and to supervise confiscated Southern properties.
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=== Definition  ===
  
== Value  ==
+
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts; aid involved: education (4,300 schools were established), health care (100 hospitals were established), issued food and clothing,operated refugee camps, helped legalize marriages, employment, supervised labor contracts, worked with African American soldiers and sailors and their heirs to secure back pay, bounty payments and pensions, for newly freed African Americans (four million), and to supervise confiscated Southern properties.
  
Because the Bureau's records 1865-1872 contain a wide range of data about the African American experience during slavery and freedom, they are a valuable source for the black family historian. Among the records are registers that give the names, ages, and former occupations of freedmen and names and residences of former owners. In addition, there are marriage registers that provide the names, addresses, ages, and complexions of husbands and wives and their children. For some states there are census lists, details of labor and apprenticeship agreements, back pay records, complaint registers, personal data about black soldiers (including company and regiment), school records, hospital registers, census records, and records of murders committed against freedmen.  
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*[http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/freedmens-bureau/ NARA The Freedmen's Bureau, 1865-1872]
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/freedmens-bureau/resources.html NARA Freedmen's Bureau Resources]
  
=== Challenges in Using the Records: ===
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=== Mapping the Freedmen's Bureau ===
  
The records are not indexed in the original records.  
+
[http://mappingthefreedmensbureau.com Mapping the Freedman's Bureau] is a new web site helping researchers put their ancestors back on the historical landscape where they lived and is brought to you by Angela Walton-Raji, Co-Founder and Toni Carrier, Co-Founder.
 +
|}
 +
Mapping includes <br>
 +
 
 +
*Where Freedman's Bureau offices were located
 +
*Branch of the Freedman's Saving Bank,
 +
*Freedmen's Bureau Hospitals
 +
*Freedmen's Schools
 +
*Contraband Camps
 +
*[http://mappingthefreedmensbureau.com/usct-battle-sites/ Battle sites where men who were in the US colored Troops fought.]
 +
 
 +
=== Value  ===
 +
 
 +
Because the Bureau's records 1865-1872 contain a wide range of data about the African American experience during slavery and freedom, they are a valuable source for the black family historian. Among the records are registers that give the names, ages, and former occupations of freedmen and names and residences of former owners. In addition, there are marriage registers that provide the names, addresses, ages, and complexions of husbands and wives and their children. For some states there are census lists, details of labor and apprenticeship agreements, back pay records, complaint registers, personal data about black soldiers (including company and regiment), school records, hospital registers, census records, and records of murders committed against freedmen.
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans/freedmens-bureau/highlights.html NARA Selected Images of Records]
 +
*[http://mappingthefreedmensbureau.com/sample-documents/ Mapping the Freedmen's Bureau Sample Documents]
 +
 
 +
==== Challenges in Using the Records:  ====
 +
 
 +
Most of the records are not indexed.  
  
 
The record type and quality vary with each state, field office to field office.  
 
The record type and quality vary with each state, field office to field office.  
  
Name changes
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Individuals may have changed their names.
  
Not all records survived or are available in searchable formats.  
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Not all records survived or are available in searchable formats.
  
== Jurisdictions  ==
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=== Jurisdictions  ===
  
This bureau operated in all the states of: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolin, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia West Virginia, and Indian Territory (that is Oklahoma) and has records from 1861 to the 1870s. The Freedmen’s Bureau created records at headquarters in Washington, DC, state records and field agents.  
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This bureau operated in the states of: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolin, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia West Virginia, and Indian Territory (that is Oklahoma) and has records from 1861 to the 1870s. The Freedmen’s Bureau created records at headquarters in Washington, DC, state records and field agents.  
  
 
There are three sets of records:  
 
There are three sets of records:  
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3 Field office records (local)—normally the most useful. However, the commissioner’s records contain lists and reports such as two linear feet of marriage papers. Records from the field offices vary from state to state. Since most freedmen contacted the bureau at the local level, you will find the most genealogical data and clues in field office records  
 
3 Field office records (local)—normally the most useful. However, the commissioner’s records contain lists and reports such as two linear feet of marriage papers. Records from the field offices vary from state to state. Since most freedmen contacted the bureau at the local level, you will find the most genealogical data and clues in field office records  
  
== Arrangement  ==
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=== Arrangement  ===
 +
 
 +
The {{FHL|702586|title-id|disp=''Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Field Offices of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands: Record Group 105''}} by Elaine Everly and Willna Pacheli of the National Archives [FHL book 973 F23ea; fiche 6002638-40] describes the bureau’s records. They are organized alphabetically by state, thereunder by offices, and thereunder by county or town. Part One is about Alabama, Arkansas (including the Oklahoma Indian Territory), the District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, and Louisiana. Part Two is about Maryland and Delaware, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, and South Carolina. Part Three is about Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and the Freedmen's branch at of the Adjutant General's Office. [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/434 National Archives Identifier 434]
 +
 
 +
=== Availability  ===
 +
 
 +
=== Discover Freedmen Project ===
 +
 
 +
Help Index the Freedmen Bureau Records (Records of the Bureau of Freedmen Refugees and Abandoned Lands (record group 105)) on [http://www.discoverfreedmen.org/ discoverfreedmen.org]
 +
 
 +
=== Searchable Collections on FamilySearch ===
 +
 
 +
'''Index and Image Collections'''
 +
 
 +
*'''1865 - 1872''' - {{RecordSearch|2432941|United States, Freedmen's Bureau Claim Records,1865-1872}} at [https://familysearch.org/search| FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1865 - 1872''' - {{RecordSearch|2475025|United States Freedmen's Bureau Labor Contracts Indenture and Apprenticeship Records 1865-1872}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1865 - 1872''' - {{RecordSearch|2492627|United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Records of Freedmen's Complaints, 1865-1872}} at [https://familysearch.org/search| FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1865 - 1872''' - {{RecordSearch|2515865|United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Freedmen's Court Records, 1865-1872}} at [https://familysearch.org/search| FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1865 - 1872''' - {{RecordSearch|2427894|United States, Freedmen's Bureau, Records of the Superintendent of Education and of the Division of Education, 1865-1872}} at [https://familysearch.org/search| FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1861 - 1872''' - {{RecordSearch|1414908| United States, Freedmen's Bureau Marriages, 1861-1872}} at [https://familysearch.org/search| FamilySearch] - index and images
 +
*'''1865 - 1872''' - {{RecordSearch|2432992|United States, Freedmen's Bureau Hospital and Medical Records, 1865-1872}} at [https://familysearch.org/search| FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1865 - 1872''' - {{RecordSearch|2515868|United States, Freedmen's Bureau Records of Persons and Articles Hired, 1865-1872}} at [https://familysearch.org/search| FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1865 - 1872''' - {{RecordSearch|2431759|United States, Freedmen's Bureau Ration Records,1865-1872}} at [https://familysearch.org/search| FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1863 - 1872''' - {{RecordSearch|2333782|District of Columbia, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1863-1872}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1862 - 1870''' - {{RecordSearch|1803698|North Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Assistant Commissioner Records, 1862-1870}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1865 - 1872''' - {{RecordSearch|1596147|Virginia, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1865 - 1874''' - {{RecordSearch|1417695|United States, Freedman's Bank Records, 1865-1874}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
 
 +
'''Image Browse Collections'''
  
The {{FHL|702586|title-id|disp=''Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Field Offices of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands: Record Group 105''}} by Elaine Everly and Willna Pacheli of the National Archives [FHL book 973 F23ea; fiche 6002638-40] describes the bureau’s records. They are organized alphabetically by state, thereunder by offices, and thereunder by county or town. Part One is about Alabama, Arkansas (including the Oklahoma Indian Territory), the District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, and Louisiana. Part Two is about Maryland and Delaware, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, and South Carolina. Part Three is about Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and the Freedmen's branch at of the Adjutant General's Office.  
+
*'''1865-1872''' - {{RecordSearch|1989156|Maryland and Delaware, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — images
 +
*'''1863-1872''' - {{RecordSearch|2143119|North Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1863-1872}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — images
 +
*'''1865-1872''' - {{RecordSearch|2127881|South Carolina, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — images
 +
*'''1865-1870''' - {{RecordSearch|1989155|Texas, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1870}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — images
  
== Availability  ==
 
  
Most of the subordinate field office records, with the exception of selected records for New Orleans and Tennessee have '''''not''''' been microfilmed and are only available at the National Archives in Washington, DC. For a list of Freedmen’s Bureau records that '''''are''''' microfilmed see the [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs.html#black ''Black Studies: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''] [FHL book 973 A3bs; fiche 6002413; and on the Internet]. [http://www.archives.gov/research/african-americans www.archives.gov/research/african-americans]
 
  
The Family History Library has many of the Freedmen’s Bureau microfilmed records. The microfilm numbers for most of these records can be found in the Family History Library Catalog ''Keyword Search'' using the search phrase “Bureau of Refugees” [http://www.FamilySearch.org www.FamilySearch.org]  
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Most of the Freedmen's Bureau records have been microfilmed  with the exception of some records from the [https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE6856148&from=fhd Washington Headquarters.]
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The Family History Library has acquired, the records that have been microfilmed.The microfilm numbers of these records can be found in the FamilySearch Catalog ''Keyword Search'' using the search phrase “Bureau of Refugees” [http://www.FamilySearch.org www.FamilySearch.org] Images of these records are also available.
  
FamilySearch.org also has a searchable collection of marriage records for about 7,900 individuals from&nbsp;[https://familysearch.org/s/collection/show#uri=http://search-api:8080/searchapi/search/collection/1414908&hash=Mrd8SMocDIIen2Q83tu%252B82PRagg%253D Freedmen's Bureau Marriages, 1815-1869]. The collection includes images of the original records.
 
  
{| border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%" align="center"
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
 
|+ '''Records of Bureau of Refugees, Freedman and Abandoned Lands and Freedman's Saving and Trust Company Available at the Family History Library'''  
 
|+ '''Records of Bureau of Refugees, Freedman and Abandoned Lands and Freedman's Saving and Trust Company Available at the Family History Library'''  
 
|-
 
|-
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| '''Record Group'''  
 
| '''Record Group'''  
 
| '''NARA'''  
 
| '''NARA'''  
| '''FHLC'''  
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| '''FamilySearch Catalog'''  
 
'''First Film or Fiche #'''  
 
'''First Film or Fiche #'''  
  
 
| '''Number of Films''' '''/Fiche'''  
 
| '''Number of Films''' '''/Fiche'''  
 
| '''Additional Reading'''  
 
| '''Additional Reading'''  
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''National'''  
 
| '''National'''  
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| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| -  
 
| -  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=702586 6002638]
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| {{FHL|702586|item|disp=FHL fiche 6002638}}
 
| 3 fiche  
 
| 3 fiche  
| -  
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| - Inventory: [https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE8346829&from=fhd Pt 1 Alabama-Louisiana][https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE8346879&from=fhd Pt 2 Maryland-South Carolina,Maryland-South Carolina][https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE8324110&from=fhd Pt 3 Tennessee-Virginia]
|  
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
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| <br>
 
| Select Series of Records issued by the Commissioner, 1865-1872  
 
| Select Series of Records issued by the Commissioner, 1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M742  
 
| M742  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=179302 491550]
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| {{FHL|179302|item|disp=FHL film 491550}}
 
| 7 rolls  
 
| 7 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m # 742}}
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| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m742.pdf M742]
|  
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
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| <br>
 
| Register and Letters Received by the Commissioner, 1865-1872  
 
| Register and Letters Received by the Commissioner, 1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M752  
 
| M752  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=179389 908680]
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| {{FHL|179389|item|disp=FHL film 908680}}
 
| 74 rolls  
 
| 74 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m #752 }}
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| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m752.pdf M752]
|  
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
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| <br>
 
| Records of Education Division, 1865-1871  
 
| Records of Education Division, 1865-1871  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M803  
 
| M803  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=479063 1695186]
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| {{FHL|479063|item|disp=FHL film 1695186}}
 
| 35 rolls  
 
| 35 rolls  
| -  
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| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m803.pdf M803]
|  
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
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| <br>
 
| U.S. Court of Claims Docket Cards for Congressional Case Files, ca. 1884-1943  
 
| U.S. Court of Claims Docket Cards for Congressional Case Files, ca. 1884-1943  
 
| 123  
 
| 123  
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| 5 rolls  
 
| 5 rolls  
 
| -  
 
| -  
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
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| <br>
 
| Marriage Records of Office of Commissioner, Washington Headquarters, 1861-1869  
 
| Marriage Records of Office of Commissioner, Washington Headquarters, 1861-1869  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1875  
 
| M1875  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1453886 2425252]
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| {{FHL|1453886|item|disp=FHL film 2425252}}
 
| 5 rolls  
 
| 5 rolls  
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| - Descriptive Pamphlet:[http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1875.pdf M1875]
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Alabama'''  
 
| '''Alabama'''  
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| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M809  
 
| M809  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=362692 1612338]
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| {{FHL|362692|item|disp=FHL film 1612338}}
 
| 23 rolls  
 
| 23 rolls  
 
|  
 
|  
- Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m #809}}
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- Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m809.pdf M809]
  
|  
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
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| <br>
 
|  
 
|  
|
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Records of Superintendent of Education, 1865-1870  
Records of Superintendant of Education, 1865-1870  
 
  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M810  
 
| M810  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=479257 1695841]
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| {{FHL|479257|item|disp=FHL film 1695841}}
 
| 8 rolls  
 
| 8 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m #810 }}  
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| - Descriptive Pamphlet: {{FHL|1392268|item|disp=FHL book: 973 J53m no. 810}}  
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
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| <br>
 
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1900  
 
| M1900  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1193947 2424719]
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| {{FHL|1193947|item|disp=FHL film 2424719}}
 
| 34 rolls  
 
| 34 rolls  
| -  
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| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1900.pdf M1900] 
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|-
 
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| -  
 
| -  
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Arkansas'''  
 
| '''Arkansas'''  
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| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M979  
 
| M979  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=421497 1498698]
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| {{FHL|421497|item|disp=FHL film 1498698}}
 
| 52 rolls  
 
| 52 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m #979 }}
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| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m979.pdf M979]
|  
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
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| <br>
| Records of Superintendant of Education, 1865-1871  
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| Records of Superintendent of Education, 1865-1871  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M980  
 
| M980  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=479251 1695811]
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| {{FHL|479251|item|disp=FHL film 1695811}}
 
| 5 rolls  
 
| 5 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m #980 }}
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| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m980.pdf M980]
|  
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
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| <br>
 
| Records of Field Office,1865-1872  
 
| Records of Field Office,1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1901  
 
| M1901  
| {{FHL|Film: 1193948}}
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|  
 
| 23 rolls  
 
| 23 rolls  
| -  
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| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1901.pdf M1901] 
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|-
 
|-
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| <br>
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| <br>
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| <br>
 
| -  
 
| -  
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Delaware'''  
 
| '''Delaware'''  
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| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1906  
 
| M1906  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1193866 2424887]
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| {{FHL|1193866|item|disp=FHL film 2424887}}
 
| 42 rolls  
 
| 42 rolls  
| -  
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| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1906.pdf M1906]
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
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| <br>
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| <br>
 
| -  
 
| -  
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''District of Columbia'''  
 
| '''District of Columbia'''  
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| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1055  
 
| M1055  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=362659 1605536]
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| {{FHL|362659|item|disp=FHL film 1605536}}
 
| 21 rolls  
 
| 21 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m # 1055 }}
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| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1055.pdf M1055]
|  
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
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| <br>
| Records of Superintendant of Education, 1865-1872  
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| Records of Superintendent of Education, 1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1056  
 
| M1056  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=403504 1617650]
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| {{FHL|403504|item|disp=FHL film 1617650}}
 
| 24 rolls  
 
| 24 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m # 1056 }}
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| - Descriptive Pamphlet:[http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1056.pdf M1056]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
| Records of Field Office,1865-1870
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| Records of Field Office,1863-1872
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1902  
 
| M1902  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1193902 2424776]
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| {{FHL|1193902|item|disp=FHL film 2424776}}
 
| 21 rolls  
 
| 21 rolls  
| -  
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| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1902.pdf M1902]
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| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
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| <br>
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| <br>
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| <br>
 
| -  
 
| -  
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Florida'''  
 
| '''Florida'''  
Line 247: Line 298:
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1869  
 
| M1869  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1193928 2425908]
+
| {{FHL|1193928|item|disp=FHL film 2425908}}
 
| 15 rolls  
 
| 15 rolls  
| -  
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1869.pdf M1869]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
 
| -  
 
| -  
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Georgia'''  
 
| '''Georgia'''  
Line 265: Line 316:
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M798  
 
| M798  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=362862 1498626]
+
| {{FHL|362862|item|disp=FHL film 1498626}}
 
| 36 rolls  
 
| 36 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m # 798 }}
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m798.pdf M798]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
| Records of Supintendant of Education, 1865-1870  
+
| Records of Superintendent of Education, 1865-1870  
 
| 195  
 
| 195  
 
| M799  
 
| M799  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=478997 1685269]
+
| {{FHL|478997|item|disp=FHL film 1685269}}
 
| 28 rolls  
 
| 28 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m # 799 }}
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet:[http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m799.pdf M799]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
 
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1903  
 
| M1903  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1204497 1574209]
+
| {{FHL|1204497|item|disp=FHL film 1574209}}
 
| 90 rolls  
 
| 90 rolls  
 
| -  
 
| -  
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
 
| -  
 
| -  
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Kentucky'''  
 
| '''Kentucky'''  
Line 301: Line 352:
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1904  
 
| M1904  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1193863 2425923]
+
| {{FHL|1193863|item|disp=FHL film 2425923}}
 
| 133 rolls  
 
| 133 rolls  
| -  
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet:[http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1904.pdf M1904]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
 
| -  
 
| -  
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Louisiana'''  
 
| '''Louisiana'''  
| Records of Supintendant of Education, 1865-1869  
+
| Records of Superintendent of Education, 1865-1869  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1026  
 
| M1026  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=479426 1695273]
+
| {{FHL|479426|item|disp=FHL film 1695273}}
 
| 12 rolls  
 
| 12 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m # 1026 }}
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1026.pdf M1026]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
 
|  
 
|  
 
Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869  
 
Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869  
Line 332: Line 383:
 
M1027  
 
M1027  
  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=362873 1498662]
+
| {{FHL|362873|item|disp=FHL film 1498662}}
 
| 36 rolls  
 
| 36 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973J53m #1027 }}
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1027.pdf M1027]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
 
| Records of Field Office, 1863-1873  
 
| Records of Field Office, 1863-1873  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1905  
 
| M1905  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1193864 2426056]
+
| {{FHL|1193864|item|disp=FHL film 2426056}}
 
| 111 rolls  
 
| 111 rolls  
| -  
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1905.pdf M1905]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''New Orleans, Louisiana'''  
 
| '''New Orleans, Louisiana'''  
Line 350: Line 401:
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1483  
 
| M1483  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=589118 1604921]
+
| {{FHL|589118|item|disp=FHL film 1604921}}
 
| 10 rolls  
 
| 10 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m #1483 }}
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1483.pdf M1483]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
 
| -  
 
| -  
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Maryland'''  
 
| '''Maryland'''  
Line 368: Line 419:
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1906  
 
| M1906  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1193866 2424887]
+
| {{FHL|1193866|item|disp=FHL film 2424887}}
 
| 42 rolls  
 
| 42 rolls  
| -  
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1906.pdf M1906]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
 
| --  
 
| --  
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Mississippi'''  
 
| '''Mississippi'''  
 
|  
 
|  
Records of Assitant Commissioner, 1863-1869  
+
Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1863-1869  
  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M826  
 
| M826  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=250500 1616440]
+
| {{FHL|250500|item|disp=FHL film 1616440}}
 
| 50 rolls  
 
| 50 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m #826 }}
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m826.pdf M826]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
 
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1907  
 
| M1907  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1460883 2428148]
+
| {{FHL|1460883|item|disp=FHL film 2428148}}
 
| 65 rolls  
 
| 65 rolls  
| -  
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1907.pdf M1907] 
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| <br>
 
|  
 
|  
|
+
Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1863-1865("Pre Bureau Records")  
Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1863-1865&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; ("Pre Bureau Records")  
 
  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1914  
 
| M1914  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1193872 2424701]
+
| {{FHL|1193872|item|disp=FHL film 2424701}}
 
| 5 rolls  
 
| 5 rolls  
 
| -  
 
| -  
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
 
| -  
 
| -  
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Missouri'''  
 
| '''Missouri'''  
Line 426: Line 477:
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1908  
 
| M1908  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1461239 2426982]
+
| {{FHL|1461239|item|disp=FHL film 2426982}}
 
| 24 rolls  
 
| 24 rolls  
| -  
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1908.pdf M1908]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
 
| -  
 
| -  
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''North Carolina'''  
 
| '''North Carolina'''  
Line 444: Line 495:
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M843  
 
| M843  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=362778 1616841]
+
| {{FHL|362778|item|disp=FHL film 1616841}}
 
| 38 rolls  
 
| 38 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m # 843 }}
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m843.pdf M843]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
| Records of Supintendant of Education, 1864-1869  
+
| Records of Superintendent of Education, 1864-1869  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M844  
 
| M844  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=479286 1695567]
+
| {{FHL|479286|item|disp=FHL film 1695567}}
 
| 16 rolls  
 
| 16 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m #844 }}
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m844.pdf M844]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
 
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1909  
 
| M1909  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1462504 2427006]
+
| {{FHL|1462504|item|disp=FHL film 2427006}}
 
| 78 rolls  
 
| 78 rolls  
| -  
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1909.pdf M1909] 
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
 
| -  
 
| -  
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''South Carolina'''  
 
| '''South Carolina'''  
Line 480: Line 531:
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M869  
 
| M869  
| {{FHL|Film: 1579188 }}  
+
| {{FHL|588833|item|disp=FHL film 1579188}}  
 
| 44 rolls  
 
| 44 rolls  
 
|  
 
|  
 
Martin Abbott, ''The Freedman's Bureau in South Carolina, 1865-72.'' (Chapel Hill: university of North Carolina Press, 1967)  
 
Martin Abbott, ''The Freedman's Bureau in South Carolina, 1865-72.'' (Chapel Hill: university of North Carolina Press, 1967)  
  
- Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m #869}}
+
- Descriptive Pamphlet:[http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m869.pdf M869]
 
+
| <br>
|  
 
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
 
| Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869  
 
| Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
| T&nbsp;999
+
| T999
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=362879 1616490]
+
| {{FHL|362879|item|disp=FHL film 1616490}}
 
| 34 rolls  
 
| 34 rolls  
 
| -  
 
| -  
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
 
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1910  
 
| M1910  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1462514 2427084]
+
| {{FHL|1462514|item|disp=FHL 2427084}}
 
| 106 rolls  
 
| 106 rolls  
| -  
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet:[http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1910.pdf M1910] 
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
 
| -  
 
| -  
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Tennessee'''  
 
| '''Tennessee'''  
| Records of Superintendant of Education, 1865-1870  
+
| Records of Superintendent of Education, 1865-1870  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1000  
 
| M1000  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=479341 1685219]
+
| {{FHL|479341|item|disp=FHL film 1685219}}
 
| 9 rolls  
 
| 9 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m # 1000 }}
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1000.pdf M1000]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
 
| Records of Field Office,1865-1872  
 
| Records of Field Office,1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1911  
 
| M1911  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1462517 2427190]
+
| {{FHL|1462517|item|disp=FHL film 2427190}}
 
| 89 rolls  
 
| 89 rolls  
| -  
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet:[http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1911.pdf M1911]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
| Selected Records of&nbsp;Field Office, 1865-1872  
+
| Selected Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| T142  
 
| T142  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=362885 1616879]
+
| {{FHL|362885|item|disp=FHL film 1616879}}
 
| 73 rolls  
 
| 73 rolls  
| -  
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet:
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| <br>
 
|  
 
|  
|
+
Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869  
Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869&nbsp;
 
  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M999  
 
| M999  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=362879 1616490]
+
| {{FHL|362879|item|disp=FHL film 1616490}}
 
| 34 rolls  
 
| 34 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m #999 }}
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m999.pdf M999]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
 
| -  
 
| -  
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Texas'''  
 
| '''Texas'''  
Line 567: Line 617:
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M821  
 
| M821  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=362869 1503542]
+
| {{FHL|362869|item|disp=FHL film 1503542}}
 
| 32 rolls  
 
| 32 rolls  
 
|  
 
|  
 
Barry A. Crouch, Hidden Sources of Black History: The Texas Freedmen's Bureau Records as a Case Study. ''Southwestern Historical Quarterly'' 83 (1980): 211-26.  
 
Barry A. Crouch, Hidden Sources of Black History: The Texas Freedmen's Bureau Records as a Case Study. ''Southwestern Historical Quarterly'' 83 (1980): 211-26.  
  
-Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m # 821}}
+
-Descriptive Pamphlet:[http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m821.pdf M821]
  
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
| Records Superintendant of Education, 1865-1870  
+
| Records Superintendent of Education, 1865-1870  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M822  
 
| M822  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=479273 1695168]
+
| {{FHL|479273|item|disp=FHL film 169516}}
 
| 18 rolls  
 
| 18 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m #822 }}
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet:[http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m822.pdf M822]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
 
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1912  
 
| M1912  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1465612 2427279]
+
| {{FHL|1465612|item|disp=FHL film 2427279}}
 
| 28 rolls  
 
| 28 rolls  
| -  
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet:[http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1912.pdf M1912] 
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
|  
+
| <br>
 
| -  
 
| -  
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Virginia'''  
 
| '''Virginia'''  
Line 607: Line 657:
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1048  
 
| M1048  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=588804 1601562]
+
| {{FHL|588804|item|disp=FHL film 1601562}}
 
| 67 rolls  
 
| 67 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m #1048 }}
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet:[http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1048.pdf M1048]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
 
| Records of Sup. of Education, 1865-1870  
 
| Records of Sup. of Education, 1865-1870  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1053  
 
| M1053  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=589352 1549578]
+
| {{FHL|589352|item|disp=FHL film 1549578}}
 
| 20 rolls  
 
| 20 rolls  
| - Descriptive Phamphlet: {{FHL|Book: 973 J53m #1053 }}
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet: [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1053.pdf M1053]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|-
 
|-
|  
+
| <br>
 
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| Records of Field Office, 1865-1872  
 
| 105  
 
| 105  
 
| M1913  
 
| M1913  
| [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/printing/titledetailsprint.asp?titleno=1368338 2413534]
+
| {{FHL|1368338|item|disp=FHL film 2413534}}
 
| 203 rolls  
 
| 203 rolls  
| -  
+
| - Descriptive Pamphlet [http://www.archives.gov/research/microfilm/m1913.pdf M1913]
|  
+
| <br>
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''Reference'''
+
=== Reference  ===
 +
 
 +
*Washington, Reginald. ''Black Family Research; Records of Post-Civil War Federal Agencies at the National Archives ''Reference Information Paper 108. National Archives and Records Administration Washington, D.C. Revised 2006. {{FHL|Book: 973 F27w }}
  
Washington, Reginald. ''Black Family Research; Records of Post-Civil War Federal Agencies at the National Archives ''Reference Information Paper 108. National Archives and Records Administration Washington, D.C. Revised 2006. {{FHL|Book: 973 F27w }}
+
*Davis, Robert Scott Jr.,''Freedmen's Bureau and Other Reconstruction Sources for Research in African-American Families, 1865-1874.'' ''Journal of the Afro-American Historical And Genealogical Society''y. Volume 9 No. 4.pg 171-176.
  
== Freedmen's Bureau Online  ==
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*Bentley, George R. A History of the Freedmen's Bureau. Philadelphia: Octagon Books, 1970.[http://www.worldcat.org/title/history-of-the-freedmens-bureau/oclc/1506875&referer=brief_results WorldCat]
 +
 
 +
=== Freedmen's Bureau Online  ===
  
 
The [http://www.freedmensbureau.com/ ''Freedmen’s Bureau Online''] Internet site includes numerous online database indexes. Select among the variety of databases mostly based on locality or by topic such as marriages, labor contracts, or murders. However, this online site does '''''not''''' include all the available records from the Freedmen's Bureau.  
 
The [http://www.freedmensbureau.com/ ''Freedmen’s Bureau Online''] Internet site includes numerous online database indexes. Select among the variety of databases mostly based on locality or by topic such as marriages, labor contracts, or murders. However, this online site does '''''not''''' include all the available records from the Freedmen's Bureau.  
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*Their on-line bookstore carries many useful books of interest.
 
*Their on-line bookstore carries many useful books of interest.
  
== Other Web Sites  ==
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=== Related Web Sites  ===
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*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/ref-info-papers/108/index.html#intro ''National Archives Black Family Research''] description of Freedmen’s Bureau records.
  
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1414908 ''Freedmen’s Bureau Marriages'', ''1815-1872'']&nbsp;online index and images in FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot.
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*'''1863-1878''' - [http://www.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1105 Freedmen's Bureau Records of Field Offices 1863-1878]'' index and images at Ancestry.com. This database contains about 102,010 personal names from field office records for Washington, D.C., Florida, Georgia, New Orleans, and North Carolina. Information available in the database includes: name, record type, year, and field office location. Family History Centers and the Family History Library have '''''limited''''' access to this index. There is a subscription fee for home use.
*[http://www.archives.gov/publications/ref-info-papers/108/index.html#intro ''National Archives Black Family Research''] description of Freedmen’s Bureau records.
+
*''[http://www.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1105 Freedmen's Bureau Records of Field Offices 1865-1872]'' index and images at Ancestry.com. This database contains about 102,010 personal names from field office records for Washington, D.C., Florida, Georgia, New Orleans, and North Carolina. Information available in the database includes: name, record type, year, and field office location. Family History Centers and the Family History Library have '''''limited''''' access to this index. There is a subscription fee for home use.  
 
 
*Elaine C. Everly, “[http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1997/summer/freedmens-bureau-records.html Freedmen’s Bureau Records: An Overview],” article, National Archives, ''Prologue Magazine'' Summer 1997, Vol. 29, No., 2.<br>
 
*Elaine C. Everly, “[http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1997/summer/freedmens-bureau-records.html Freedmen’s Bureau Records: An Overview],” article, National Archives, ''Prologue Magazine'' Summer 1997, Vol. 29, No., 2.<br>
  
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*[[United States Freedman's Bank Registers 1865-1874 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[United States Freedman's Bank Registers 1865-1874 (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
[[Category:African_Americans|Freedmen's]]
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[[Category:African_American_Records]]

Latest revision as of 01:26, 17 September 2016

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United States go to African American Research  go to Freedmen's Bureau

The Bureau's records (Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands), kept from 1865-1872, contain a wide range of data about the African American experience during slavery and freedom. Therefore, they are a valuable source for the black family historian. Refugees include many in the local white population.
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Definition

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (often called the Freedmen’s Bureau) was created in 1865 at the end of the American Civil War to supervise relief efforts; aid involved: education (4,300 schools were established), health care (100 hospitals were established), issued food and clothing,operated refugee camps, helped legalize marriages, employment, supervised labor contracts, worked with African American soldiers and sailors and their heirs to secure back pay, bounty payments and pensions, for newly freed African Americans (four million), and to supervise confiscated Southern properties.

Mapping the Freedmen's Bureau

Mapping the Freedman's Bureau is a new web site helping researchers put their ancestors back on the historical landscape where they lived and is brought to you by Angela Walton-Raji, Co-Founder and Toni Carrier, Co-Founder.

Mapping includes

Value

Because the Bureau's records 1865-1872 contain a wide range of data about the African American experience during slavery and freedom, they are a valuable source for the black family historian. Among the records are registers that give the names, ages, and former occupations of freedmen and names and residences of former owners. In addition, there are marriage registers that provide the names, addresses, ages, and complexions of husbands and wives and their children. For some states there are census lists, details of labor and apprenticeship agreements, back pay records, complaint registers, personal data about black soldiers (including company and regiment), school records, hospital registers, census records, and records of murders committed against freedmen.

Challenges in Using the Records:

Most of the records are not indexed.

The record type and quality vary with each state, field office to field office.

Individuals may have changed their names.

Not all records survived or are available in searchable formats.

Jurisdictions

This bureau operated in the states of: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolin, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia West Virginia, and Indian Territory (that is Oklahoma) and has records from 1861 to the 1870s. The Freedmen’s Bureau created records at headquarters in Washington, DC, state records and field agents.

There are three sets of records:

1 Commissioner’s records,

2 Superintendent of Education

3 Field office records (local)—normally the most useful. However, the commissioner’s records contain lists and reports such as two linear feet of marriage papers. Records from the field offices vary from state to state. Since most freedmen contacted the bureau at the local level, you will find the most genealogical data and clues in field office records

Arrangement

The Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Field Offices of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands: Record Group 105 by Elaine Everly and Willna Pacheli of the National Archives [FHL book 973 F23ea; fiche 6002638-40] describes the bureau’s records. They are organized alphabetically by state, thereunder by offices, and thereunder by county or town. Part One is about Alabama, Arkansas (including the Oklahoma Indian Territory), the District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, and Louisiana. Part Two is about Maryland and Delaware, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, and South Carolina. Part Three is about Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and the Freedmen's branch at of the Adjutant General's Office. National Archives Identifier 434

Availability

Discover Freedmen Project

Help Index the Freedmen Bureau Records (Records of the Bureau of Freedmen Refugees and Abandoned Lands (record group 105)) on discoverfreedmen.org

Searchable Collections on FamilySearch

Index and Image Collections

Image Browse Collections


Most of the Freedmen's Bureau records have been microfilmed with the exception of some records from the Washington Headquarters. The Family History Library has acquired, the records that have been microfilmed.The microfilm numbers of these records can be found in the FamilySearch Catalog Keyword Search using the search phrase “Bureau of Refugees” www.FamilySearch.org Images of these records are also available.


Records of Bureau of Refugees, Freedman and Abandoned Lands and Freedman's Saving and Trust Company Available at the Family History Library
State Record Type Record Group NARA FamilySearch Catalog

First Film or Fiche #

Number of Films /Fiche Additional Reading
National Preliminary Inventory of Records of the Filed Offices Pt. 1 Alabama-Louisiana, Pt. 2 Maryland-South Carolina, and Pt. 3 Tennessee-Virginia 105 - FHL fiche 6002638 3 fiche - Inventory: Pt 1 Alabama-LouisianaPt 2 Maryland-South Carolina,Maryland-South CarolinaPt 3 Tennessee-Virginia

Select Series of Records issued by the Commissioner, 1865-1872 105 M742 FHL film 491550 7 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M742

Register and Letters Received by the Commissioner, 1865-1872 105 M752 FHL film 908680 74 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M752

Records of Education Division, 1865-1871 105 M803 FHL film 1695186 35 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M803

U.S. Court of Claims Docket Cards for Congressional Case Files, ca. 1884-1943 123 M2007 unavailable 5 rolls -

Marriage Records of Office of Commissioner, Washington Headquarters, 1861-1869 105 M1875 FHL film 2425252 5 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet:M1875

Alabama Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1850-1870 105 M809 FHL film 1612338 23 rolls

- Descriptive Pamphlet: M809



Records of Superintendent of Education, 1865-1870

105 M810 FHL film 1695841 8 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: FHL book: 973 J53m no. 810

Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1900 FHL film 2424719 34 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M1900






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Arkansas Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869 105 M979 FHL film 1498698 52 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M979

Records of Superintendent of Education, 1865-1871 105 M980 FHL film 1695811 5 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M980

Records of Field Office,1865-1872 105 M1901 23 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M1901






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Delaware Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1906 FHL film 2424887 42 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M1906






-
District of Columbia Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869 105 M1055 FHL film 1605536 21 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M1055

Records of Superintendent of Education, 1865-1872 105 M1056 FHL film 1617650 24 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet:M1056

Records of Field Office,1863-1872 105 M1902 FHL film 2424776 21 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M1902






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Florida Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1872 105 M1869 FHL film 2425908 15 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M1869






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Georgia Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869 105 M798 FHL film 1498626 36 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M798

Records of Superintendent of Education, 1865-1870 195 M799 FHL film 1685269 28 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet:M799

Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1903 FHL film 1574209 90 rolls -






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Kentucky Records of Field Office. 1865-1872 105 M1904 FHL film 2425923 133 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet:M1904






-
Louisiana Records of Superintendent of Education, 1865-1869 105 M1026 FHL film 1695273 12 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M1026

Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869

105

M1027

FHL film 1498662 36 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M1027

Records of Field Office, 1863-1873 105 M1905 FHL film 2426056 111 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M1905
New Orleans, Louisiana Records of Field Office, 1865-1869 105 M1483 FHL film 1604921 10 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M1483






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Maryland Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1906 FHL film 2424887 42 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M1906






--
Mississippi

Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1863-1869

105 M826 FHL film 1616440 50 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M826

Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1907 FHL film 2428148 65 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M1907

Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1863-1865("Pre Bureau Records")

105 M1914 FHL film 2424701 5 rolls -






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Missouri Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1908 FHL film 2426982 24 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M1908






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North Carolina Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1862-1879 105 M843 FHL film 1616841 38 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M843

Records of Superintendent of Education, 1864-1869 105 M844 FHL film 1695567 16 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M844

Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1909 FHL film 2427006 78 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M1909






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South Carolina Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1870 105 M869 FHL film 1579188 44 rolls

Martin Abbott, The Freedman's Bureau in South Carolina, 1865-72. (Chapel Hill: university of North Carolina Press, 1967)

- Descriptive Pamphlet:M869



Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869 105 T999 FHL film 1616490 34 rolls -

Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1910 FHL 2427084 106 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet:M1910






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Tennessee Records of Superintendent of Education, 1865-1870 105 M1000 FHL film 1685219 9 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M1000

Records of Field Office,1865-1872 105 M1911 FHL film 2427190 89 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet:M1911

Selected Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 T142 FHL film 1616879 73 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet:

Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869

105 M999 FHL film 1616490 34 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M999






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Texas Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869 105 M821 FHL film 1503542 32 rolls

Barry A. Crouch, Hidden Sources of Black History: The Texas Freedmen's Bureau Records as a Case Study. Southwestern Historical Quarterly 83 (1980): 211-26.

-Descriptive Pamphlet:M821



Records Superintendent of Education, 1865-1870 105 M822 FHL film 169516 18 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet:M822

Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1912 FHL film 2427279 28 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet:M1912






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Virginia Records of Assistant Commissioner, 1865-1869 105 M1048 FHL film 1601562 67 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet:M1048

Records of Sup. of Education, 1865-1870 105 M1053 FHL film 1549578 20 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet: M1053

Records of Field Office, 1865-1872 105 M1913 FHL film 2413534 203 rolls - Descriptive Pamphlet M1913

Reference

  • Washington, Reginald. Black Family Research; Records of Post-Civil War Federal Agencies at the National Archives Reference Information Paper 108. National Archives and Records Administration Washington, D.C. Revised 2006. FHL Book: 973 F27w
  • Davis, Robert Scott Jr.,Freedmen's Bureau and Other Reconstruction Sources for Research in African-American Families, 1865-1874. Journal of the Afro-American Historical And Genealogical Societyy. Volume 9 No. 4.pg 171-176.
  • Bentley, George R. A History of the Freedmen's Bureau. Philadelphia: Octagon Books, 1970.WorldCat

Freedmen's Bureau Online

The Freedmen’s Bureau Online Internet site includes numerous online database indexes. Select among the variety of databases mostly based on locality or by topic such as marriages, labor contracts, or murders. However, this online site does not include all the available records from the Freedmen's Bureau.

Content

  • Records Relating to Murders
  • Records Relating to Freedmen's Labor
  • Marriage Records: Most of these records are divided up by the state, then by the area, and then by the marriage date, month, or year of marriage. (These records can be found on the homepage under the contents heading at the left of the screen.)
  • To find state-specific collections, go to the homepage and there is a list of states under the contents heading at the middle left of the screen. (Examples of some of these collections are: Alabama: Petition of Colored Citizens from Mobile, Alabama; Mississippi: Registers of Indentures of Colored Orphans, Aug. 1865 - May 1866; Tennessee: Index to Freedman's Labor Contracts between Tennessee Freedmen and employers in Kentucky.)

Using this site

Type a surname or name or term in question in the search site box. (Examples: Jones, Smith, etc. for surname searches OR land, marriages, etc. for keyword searches)

  1. Documents which seem a “best” match appears.
  2. Click on desired match.

Tips

  • This site lists many other search sites for African American histories and genealogy websites.
  • Their on-line bookstore carries many useful books of interest.

Related Web Sites

  • 1863-1878 - Freedmen's Bureau Records of Field Offices 1863-1878 index and images at Ancestry.com. This database contains about 102,010 personal names from field office records for Washington, D.C., Florida, Georgia, New Orleans, and North Carolina. Information available in the database includes: name, record type, year, and field office location. Family History Centers and the Family History Library have limited access to this index. There is a subscription fee for home use.


Wiki articles describing online collections are found at: