Difference between revisions of "Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs"

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In the United States, the office which created and maintained the largest amount of records of the American Indians was the field office of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] (BIA), known as the Office of Indian Affairs until 1947, called the agency. Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the United States are administrative offices supervising the relationship between and among American Indians and others. Usually an agency operated on a reservation and was responsible for only that reservation. Occasionally, an agency had responsibility for several groups of Native Americans.  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|BIA]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Area Offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Area Offices]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Agencies_of_the_Bureau_of_Indian_Affairs|Agencies]]''
  
Some field offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs did not achieve the level of agency, but operated as a sub-agency, reporting to an agency, a school, or a superintendency of the BIA or sometimes as an independent office reporting to a superintendency or to the Commissioner's Office in Washington, DC.
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== History  ==
  
The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:
+
In the United States, the office which created and maintained the largest amount of records of the American Indians was the field office of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] (BIA), known as the Office of Indian Affairs until 1947, called the agency. Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the United States are administrative offices supervising the relationship between and among American Indians and others. Usually an [[Agencies_of_the_Bureau_of_Indian_Affairs|agency ]]operated on a reservation and was responsible for only that reservation. Occasionally, an agency had responsibility for several groups of Native Americans.  
  
*[[American_Indian_Allotment_Records|Allotment records]]
+
Some field offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs did not achieve the level of agency, but operated as a sub-agency, reporting to an agency, a school, or a [[Superintendencies - Bureau of Indian Affairs|superintendency]] of the BIA or sometimes as an independent office reporting to a superintendency or to the Commissioner's Office in Washington, DC.
*[[American_Indian_Annuity_Rolls|Annuity rolls]]
 
*[[American_Indian_Census_Rolls|Census records]]
 
*Correspondence
 
*Health records
 
*Reports
 
*[[American_Indian_School_Records|School census and records]]
 
*[[American_Indian_Vital_Records_Supplements_in_Census_Rolls|Vital records]]
 
  
For a description of the various records, their content, and their availability, link to the pages for each type of record. Each individual agency also has a page describing its history and the location of their records. An alphabetical list of the agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs can be found under the category of "[[Category:American_Indian_Agencies|American Indian Agencies]]." They are also&nbsp;linked under the topic "American Indians" for each state. Pages for individual sub-agencies are listed alphabetically under the category of "[[Category:American_Indian_Subagencies|American Indian Subagencies]]" and are linked under the topic of "American Indians" for each state where they existed.<br>
+
== Records  ==
  
<br>
+
The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:
  
{| border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"
+
*[[American Indian Allotment Records|Allotment records]]
|-
+
*[[American Indian Annuity Rolls|Annuity rolls]]
! scope="col" |  
+
*[[American Indian Census Rolls|Census records]]
=== Agency ===
+
*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Correspondence]]
 +
*[[American Indian Health Records|Health records]]
 +
*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Reports]]
 +
*[[American Indian School Records|School census and records]]
 +
*[[American Indian Vital Records Supplements in Census Rolls|Vital records]]
  
! scope="col" |
+
For a description of the various records, their content, and their availability, link to the pages for each type of record. Each individual agency also has a page describing its history and the location of their records. An alphabetical list of the agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs can be found below. They are also linked under the topic "American Indians" for each state. Pages for individual sub-agencies are listed alphabetically under the category of "[[Subagencies_of_the_Bureau_of_Indian_Affairs|American Indian Subagencies]]" and are linked under the topic of "American Indians" for each state where they existed.<br>
! scope="col" |
 
|-
 
| Alaska Agency, 1873-74
 
| [[Indiana Indian Agency|Indiana Agency]], 1824-50
 
| [[Raccoon River Indian Agency (Iowa)|Raccoon River&nbsp;Agency]], 1843-45&nbsp;
 
|-
 
| [[Blackfeet Indian Agency (Montana)|Blackfeet Agency,]] 1855-69
 
| [[Kansas Indian Agency (Kansas)|Kansas Agency,]] 1851-76
 
| Red Cloud Agency, 1871-80
 
|-
 
| [[Caddo Indian Agency (Louisiana)|Caddo Agency, ]]1824-42
 
| Kickapoo Agency, 1855-76
 
| Sac and Fox Agency, 1824-80
 
|-
 
| Cherokee Agency, 1824-80
 
| [[Kiowa Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Kiowa Agency,]] 1864-80
 
| [[St. Peters Indian Agency (Minnesota)|St. Peters Agency]], 1824-70
 
|-
 
| Cheyenne &amp; Arapahoe Agency, 1875-80
 
| [[La Pointe Indian Agency (Wisconsin)|La Point Agency,]] 1831-50, 1855-1880
 
| [[Santa Fe Indian Agency (New Mexico)|Santa Fe Agency,]] 1849-51
 
|-
 
| [[Cheyenne River Indian Agency (South Dakota)|Cheyenne River Agency]], 1871-80
 
| Lower Brule Agency, 1875-76
 
| [[Santee Sioux Indian Agency (Nebraska)|Santee Sioux Agency,]] 1871-76
 
|-
 
| [[Chicago Indian Agency (Illinois)|Chicago Agency]]. 1824-47
 
| [[Mackinac Indian Agency (Michigan)|Mackinac Agency]], 1828-80&nbsp;
 
| [[Sault Ste. Marie Indian Agency (Michigan)|Sault&nbsp; Ste. Marie Agency]], 1824-52
 
|-
 
| Chickasaw Agency, 1824-70
 
| [[Nebraska Indian Agency (Nebraska)|Nebraska Agency]], 1876-80
 
| Seminole Agency, 1824-76
 
|-
 
| [[Chippewa Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Chippewa Agency]], 1851-80
 
| Neosho Agency, 1831-75
 
| [[Seneca Indian Agency (New York)|Seneca Agency]] in New York, 1824-32
 
|-
 
| Choctaw Agency, 1824-76
 
| [[New York Indian Agency (New York)|New York Agency,]] 1929-80
 
| Shawnee Agency, 1855-76
 
|-
 
| [[Council Bluffs Indian Agency (Nebraska)|Council Bluffs Agency]], 1836-57
 
| [[Ohio Indian Agency|Ohio Agency,]] 1831-43
 
| [[Sisseton Indian Agency (North Dakota)|Sisseton Agency,]] 1867-80
 
|-
 
| [[Creek Indian Agency (Georgia)|Creek Agency]], 1824-76
 
| Omaha Agency, 1856-76
 
| [[Six Nations Indian Agency (New York)|Six Nations Agency,]] 1824-34
 
|-
 
| [[Crow Creek Indian Agency (South Dakota)|Crow Creek Agency,]] 1871-76
 
| Osage Agency, 1824-53, 1874-80
 
| [[Spotted Tail Indian Agency (South Dakota)|Spotted Tail Agency]], 1875-80
 
|-
 
| [[Delaware Indian Agency (Kansas)|Delaware Agency,]] 1855-73
 
| [[Osage River Indian Agency (Kansas)|Osage River Agency]], 1824-71
 
| [[Standing Rock Indian Agency (North Dakota)|Standing Rock Agency]], 1875-80
 
|-
 
| [[Devils Lake Indian Agency (North Dakota)|Devil's Lake Agency,]] 1871-80
 
| [[Ottawa Indian Agency (Kansas)|Ottawa Agency,]] 1863-73
 
| [[Texas Indian Agency (Texas)|Texas Agency,]] 1847-59
 
|-
 
| [[Flandreau Indian Agency (South Dakota)|Flandreau Agency]], 1873-76
 
| Pawnee Agency, 1859-80
 
| [[Union Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Union Agency,]] 1875-80
 
|-
 
| [[Fort Berthold Indian Agency (North Dakota)|Fort Berthold Agency, ]]1867-80
 
| Pima Agency, 1859-61
 
| [[Upper Arkansas Indian Agency|Upper Arkansas Agency]], 1855-74
 
|-
 
| [[Fort Leavenworth Indian Agency (Kansas)|Fort Leavenworth Agency]], 1824-51
 
| [[Piqua Indian Agency (Ohio)|Piqua Agency]], 1824-30
 
| [[Upper Missouri Indian Agency|Upper Missouri Agency]], 1824-7
 
|-
 
| [[Fort Wayne Indian Agency (Indiana)|Fort Wayne Agency]], 1824-30
 
| Ponca Agency, 1859-80
 
| [[Upper Platte Indian Agency|Upper Platte Agency]], 1846-70
 
|-
 
| Grand River Agency, 1871-75
 
| [[Potawatomi Indian Agency (Kansas)|Potawatomi Agency]], 1851-80
 
| [[Whetstone Indian Agency (South Dakota)|Whetstone Agency]], 1871-74
 
|-
 
| [[Great Nemaha Indian Agency (Kansas)|Great Nemaha Agency]], 1837-76
 
| [[Prairie du Chien Indian Agency (Wisconsin)|Prairie du Chien Agency,]] 1824-42
 
| [[Wichita Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Wichita Agency]], 1857-78
 
|-
 
| [[Green Bay Indian Agency (Wisconsin)|Green Bay Agency]], 1824-80
 
| [[Quapaw Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Quapaw Agency,]] 1871-80
 
| Winnebago Agency, 1826-76
 
|-
 
|
 
|
 
| [[Yankton Indian Agency (South Dakota)|Yankton Agency]], 1859-76
 
|}
 
  
<br>
+
== Alphabetical Listing of American Indian Agencies and Subagencies in the United States  ==
 +
 
 +
:::[[BIA Agencies, A-C|BIA Agencies, A-C]]
 +
:::[[BIA Agencies, D-H|BIA Agencies, D-H]]
 +
:::[[BIA Agencies, I-M|BIA Agencies, I-M]]
 +
:::[[BIA Agencies, N-O|BIA Agencies, N-O]]
 +
:::[[BIA Agencies, P-R|BIA Agencies, P-R]]
 +
:::[[BIA Agencies, S|BIA Agencies, S]]
 +
:::[[BIA Agencies, T-Z|BIA Agencies, T-Z]]
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998. Family History&nbsp;Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=822938&disp=American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 970.1 A3a ]<br>
+
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998. Family History&nbsp;Library film {{FHL|822938|title-id|disp=970.1 A3a }}<br>
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=207428&disp=Guide+to+records+in+the+National+Archive%20%20&columns=*,0,0 970.1 H551g ]; film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=207428&disp=Guide+to+records+in+the+National+Archive++ 6125461] <br>
+
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. Family History Library book {{FHL|207428|title-id|disp=970.1 H551g }}; film {{FHL|207428|title-id|disp=6125461}} <br>
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974. Family history Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=247426&disp=The+Office+of+Indian+Affairs%2C+1824%2D1%20%20&columns=*,0,0 970.1 H551o ]<br>
+
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974. Family history Library book {{FHL|247426|title-id|disp=970.1 H551o }}<br>
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105. Family History Library US/CAN Film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=479822&disp=Historical+sketches+for+jurisdictional+a++ 1695747]
+
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105. Family History Library US/CAN Film {{FHL|479822|title-id|disp=1695747}}
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services.
+
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services.&lt;/nowiki&gt;
 +
 
 +
<br>{{American Indian}}
  
[[Category:American_Indian_Agencies]] [[Category:American_Indian_Subagencies|American Indian Subagencies]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:Indians_of_North_America]]
+
[[Category:American_Indian_Agencies]] [[Category:American_Indian_Subagencies]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]

Revision as of 00:30, 17 January 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png BIA Gotoarrow.png Area Offices Gotoarrow.png Agencies

History

In the United States, the office which created and maintained the largest amount of records of the American Indians was the field office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), known as the Office of Indian Affairs until 1947, called the agency. Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the United States are administrative offices supervising the relationship between and among American Indians and others. Usually an agency operated on a reservation and was responsible for only that reservation. Occasionally, an agency had responsibility for several groups of Native Americans.

Some field offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs did not achieve the level of agency, but operated as a sub-agency, reporting to an agency, a school, or a superintendency of the BIA or sometimes as an independent office reporting to a superintendency or to the Commissioner's Office in Washington, DC.

Records

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

For a description of the various records, their content, and their availability, link to the pages for each type of record. Each individual agency also has a page describing its history and the location of their records. An alphabetical list of the agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs can be found below. They are also linked under the topic "American Indians" for each state. Pages for individual sub-agencies are listed alphabetically under the category of "American Indian Subagencies" and are linked under the topic of "American Indians" for each state where they existed.

Alphabetical Listing of American Indian Agencies and Subagencies in the United States

BIA Agencies, A-C
BIA Agencies, D-H
BIA Agencies, I-M
BIA Agencies, N-O
BIA Agencies, P-R
BIA Agencies, S
BIA Agencies, T-Z

References

  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998. Family History Library film 970.1 A3a
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. Family History Library book 970.1 H551g; film 6125461
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974. Family history Library book 970.1 H551o
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105. Family History Library US/CAN Film 1695747
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services.</nowiki>